Early Recollections: Theory and Practice in Counseling and Psychotherapy, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Early Recollections

Theory and Practice in Counseling and Psychotherapy, 1st Edition

By Arthur Clark


240 pages | 14 Color Illus.

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pub: 2002-07-19
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This book reviews the extensive literature on early recollections and organizes various interpretive systems of evaluating early memories. The practitioner will find specific and detailed guidelines for administering and interpreting early recollections to help integrate these memories into counseling and psychotherapy. Following a carefully articulated contextual approach to early recollections, which synthesizes three perspectives - subjective, interpersonal and objective - come suggestions for using early recollections in the counseling process and a full-length case study to explicate the model and demonstrate the utility of using this approach.


"This is a long overdue book on a very important topic. The overall scope and thoroughness of Early Recollections is of the highest quality. It offers very solid theory and practice and Clark makes a strong case for readers to begin to use early recollections by making everything so practical." -- Jon Carlson, Psy.D., Ed.D., ABPP Distinguished Professor, Governors State University

"Dr. Clark has completed an exceptionally thorough literature review of Adlerian and early recollections theory and research and has integrated this research in a comprehensive, well articulated, carefully organized and thorough presentation. He clearly is a master of the Adlerian approach and shares his knowledge in a clear and cogent manner. His book represents the state of the art in this area of study." -- Jane E. Myers, Ph.D., LPC Professor, University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Table of Contents

Part I: Early Recollections: Introduction, Theoretical Perspectives, and Research

1.Introduction of Early Recollections


Advantages of Early Recollections in Counseling and Psychotherapy

Disadvantages of Early Recollections in Counseling and Psychotherapy

Early Recollections in a Contextural and Developmental Model

Early Recollections in a Case Illustration

2. Theoretical Perspectives of Early Memories


Alfred Adler's Perspectives in Early Memories

Sigmund Freud's Perspectives on Early Memories

Recovered Memories, False Memories, and Early Recollections

3. Taxonomic Considerations and Personality Dimensions of Early Memories


Taxonomic Investigations

Personality Dimensions


4. Diagnostic Impressions of Early Recollections


Clinical Disorders

Personality Disorders


Part II: Early Recollections: Scoring Systems, Administration, and Interpretation

5. Scoring Systems of Early Recollections


Scoring Systems

Contextural Assessment


6. Administration of Early Recollections


General Administration Procedures

Situational Administration Procedures


7. Interpretation of Early Recollections

Subjective, Interpersonal, and Objective Perspectives

Organizing and Synthesizing Early Recollections Perspectives


8. Training and Practice of Early Recollections


Training in Early Recollections

Practice Exercises in Early Recollections


Part III: Early Recollections: Applications in Counseling and Psychotherapy

9. Early Recollections in the Counseling Process


Theoretical Considerations

The Counseling Process

Application Issues and Variations in the Use of Early Recollections


10. Early Recollections in the Counseling Process: A Case Study

The Counseling Process


About the Author


About the Author

Arthur J. Clarke, Ed.D., is a Professor and Coordinator of the Counseling and Development Program at St. Lawrence University in Canton, New York. He is an editorial board member of the Journal of Counseling and Development and the author of Defense Mechanisms in the Counseling Process.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PSYCHOLOGY / Clinical Psychology
PSYCHOLOGY / Psychotherapy / Counseling