608 Pages 330 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    608 Pages
    by CRC Press

    Effectively Calculate the Pressures of Soil

    When it comes to designing and constructing retaining structures that are safe and durable, understanding the interaction between soil and structure is at the foundation of it all. Laying down the groundwork for the non-specialists looking to gain an understanding of the background and issues surrounding geotechnical engineering, Earth Pressure and Earth-Retaining Structures, Third Edition introduces the mechanisms of earth pressure, and explains the design requirements for retaining structures. This text makes clear the uncertainty of parameter and partial factor issues that underpin recent codes. It then goes on to explain the principles of the geotechnical design of gravity walls, embedded walls, and composite structures.

    What’s New in the Third Edition:

    The first half of the book brings together and describes possible interactions between the ground and a retaining wall. It also includes materials that factor in available software packages dealing with seepage and slope instability, therefore providing a greater understanding of design issues and allowing readers to readily check computer output. The second part of the book begins by describing the background of Eurocode 7, and ends with detailed information about gravity walls, embedded walls, and composite walls. It also includes recent material on propped and braced excavations as well as work on soil nailing, anchored walls, and cofferdams. Previous chapters on the development of earth pressure theory and on graphical techniques have been moved to an appendix.

    Earth Pressure and Earth-Retaining Structures, Third Edition is written for practicing geotechnical, civil, and structural engineers and forms a reference for engineering geologists, geotechnical researchers, and undergraduate civil engineering students.

    Part I


    Soil behaviour


    Origin, composition and structure of soils and rocks

    Soil strength and effective stress

    Dilatancy and the critical state

    Strength on preexisting failure planes

    Soil stiffness and ground movements

    Consolidation and swelling— ‘short- term’ and ‘long-term’ conditions

    Consequences for engineering design

    Structured soils

    Soil properties

    Soil models used for earth pressure and retaining structure analysis

    Site investigation and acquisition of soil parameters

    Obtaining required soil parameters from site investigation data

    Factors affecting earth pressure

    Wall construction

    Wall and ground movements

    Earth pressure principles


    Water and retaining structures

    Typical ground water conditions

    Seepage and water pressure calculations

    Water-induced instability

    Groundwater control

    Global and local instability

    Types of instability affecting retaining structures

    Classification of instability and selection of parameters

    Base heave and local failure calculations

    Limit equilibrium analysis of overall instability

    Detecting and stabilising preexisting instability

    Stabilisation of slopes using retaining structures

    Part II


    Wall selection

    Reasons for selecting a particular form of retaining wall

    Gravity walls

    Embedded walls

    Composite walls and other support systems

    Preliminary selection of wall type

    Avoiding failure

    Defining failure

    Uncertainties in design

    Providing for uncertainty—introducing safety and reliability

    Summary of practice –

    Introduction to analysis

    Rules of thumb

    Evidential methods

    Closed-form solutions

    Limit analysis

    Limit equilibrium analyses

    Discrete spring models

    Continuum models

    Gravity walls

    Preliminary design

    Detailed design—limit states for external stability

    Internal stability

    Calculations to Eurocode 7 for a gravity wall

    Embedded walls

    Selection of soil parameters

    Preliminary design

    Design of sheet-pile walls using limit equilibrium calculations

    Propped and braced excavations

    Bored pile and diaphragm walls

    King post and soldier pile walls

    Composite walls and other support systems

    Reinforced soil

    Multi-anchored earth retaining structures

    Soil nailing

    Design of bridge abutments for earth pressure


    Appendix A: Classical earth pressure theory

    Appendix B: Earth pressure coefficients




    Chris R.I. Clayton, Rick I. Woods, Rick I. Woods, Jarbas Milititsky

    "It offers a comprehensive introduction to the mechanisms of earth pressure and provides a thorough guide to the design requirements for retaining structures." - Librairie Lavoisier