This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.
Earth science is a broad field of study that encompasses many different disciplines, including meteorology, climatology, and geology. The importance of the earth sciences—in predicting weather and climate, tracking pollution, drilling for petroleum, evaluating soil, and monitoring ground water—is paramount in modern society. This new work covers a broad selection of topics, including use of satellite remote sensing to track pollution and weather patterns, monitoring for pre-earthquake signals, using earthquakes to uncover new information about the earth, desalination of ground water, predicting deforestation, and much more.
Table of Contents
The Global Sweep of Pollution: Satellite Snapshots Capture Long-Distance Movement. Comparison of Cloud Statistics from Spaceborne Lidar Systems. Geodetic Network Design and Optimization on the Active Tuzla Fault (Izmir, Turkey) for Disaster Management. Pre-Earthquake Signals—Part I: Deviatoric Stresses Turn Rocks Into a Source of Electric Currents. Desalination of Ground Water: Earth Science Perspectives. A New Generation of Cyberinfrastructure and Data Services for Earth System Science Education and Research. Health Benefits of Geologic Materials and Geologic Processes. Using Earthquakes to Uncover the Earth’s Inner Secrets: Interactive Exhibits for Geophysical Education. Predicting the Deforestation-Trend Under Different Carbon-Prices. Ionospheric Quasi-Static Electric Field Anomalies During Seismic Activity in August–September 1981. Identification of Earthquake Induced Damage Areas Using Fourier Transform and SPOT HRVIR Pan Images. Remote Sensing Data with the Conditional Latin Hypercube Sampling and Geostatistical Approach to Delineate Landscape Changes Induced by Large Chronological Physical Disturbances. Resident Perception of Volcanic Hazards and Evacuation Procedures. Lower Miocene Stratigraphy Along the Panama Canal and Its Bearing on the Central American Peninsula. Long Term Changes in the Ecosystem in the Northern South China Sea During 1976–2004. Index.
Professor Roy H. Williams is an astronomer and educator at the Kopernik Observatory in Vestal, New York. He has trained on the spectrograph and is certified in both earth science and physical science. He has taught in several New York districts as well as at several other colleges. He writes a monthly column in the Press & Sun-Bulletin newspaper (Binghamton, New York) and makes monthly live appearances on local television newscasts. He also helped to create a computerized sky atlas using Turbo Pascal and in his role at Kopernik Observatory has worked with both astronaut Dan Bursch and astronomer John Dobson.