This book offers a global perspective on the state of Earth's natural systems and the reflective analysis that is too often lost in day-to-day conservation efforts. It establishes the rationale and the need for a vigorous international effort to preserve and protect natural areas and ecosystems.
Part I: Ceremonies and Major Addresses 1. Welcome 2. World Environment Day Message from the Secretary-General of the United Nations 3. World Environment Day Message from the Executive Director of the United Nations Environment 4. Introduction to EARTHCARE 5. EARTHCARE: A Petition 6. Presentation of the EARTHCARE Petition to the United Nations 7. Welcome 8. Welcome 9. Keynote Address: The Evolution of EARTHCARE–from Wilderness to Global Protection 10. Presentation of the EARTHCARE Award to His Excellency Carlos Andrés Pérez, President of the Republic of Venezuela 11. Presentation of the John Muir Award to the Honorable William 0. Douglas, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States 12. EARTHCARE Address: Alaska—Northern Outpost on Center Stage 13. A Call to Action Part II: Formal Conference Sessions 14. Introduction: The Primordial Interdependence 15. Introduction 16. Atmospheric Pollution and Energy Production 17. The Impact of Urban Air Pollution on Remote Regions 18. The Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea and the Protection of the Marine Environment 19. The Great Ocean Debate: A Clash of Realities 20. Coastal Marine Environments, 1975 21. Conservation of the Coastal Marine Environment: A North European Viewpoint 22. The Coastal-Zone Development Dilemma of Island Systems 23. Water and Life: River Resources and Human Concerns 24. Conservation Problems in the Amazon Basin 25. Development Projects in the Nile Basin, with Special Reference to Disease Repercussions 26. Freshwater Wetlands 27. Wetlands: Assessment and Access 28. Wetland Conservation and Management Problems 29. Uses and Problems of the Temperate Forest in the United States 30. EARTHCARE and Temperate Forests 31. Wilderness Fire Management in Yosemite National Park 32. Emphasis on Tropical Rain Forests: An Introduction 33. Regeneration Problems of the Tropical Rain Forest 34. Scientific, Aesthetic, and Cultural Values of Rain-Forest Wildlife 35. Conservation Problems of Savannahs and Other Grasslands 36. Wildlife of Savannahs and Grasslands: A Common Heritage of the Global Community 37. The Perplexity of Desert Preservation in a Threatening World 38. The Nature of Desert Ecosystems 39. Mareotis: A Productive Coastal Desert in Egypt 40. The Polar Regions and Human Welfare: Regimes for Environmental Protection 41. Oil and Gas in the Canadian Arctic: Exploitation, Issues, and Perspective 42. Environmental Laws and Conventions: Toward Societal Compacts with Nature 43. EARTHCARE in France 44. Nature and Human Settlement 45. Interdependence: Society's Interaction with Ecosystems 46. The Interaction of Ecological and Social Systems in the Third World 47. Interdependence: The Technological and Economic Aspects 48. The Exporting and Importing of Nature 49. The Urgency of Preserving Natural Ecosystems 50. The Developed Nations in an Interdependent World 51. Ecologically Sound Development in a Developed Country: Canada 52. Environmentally Sound Development: The Search for Principles and Guidelines 53. Opportunities for Environmental Protection in the Developing World 54. Institutional Approaches to Global Protection of the Environment 55. Environmental Impact Analysis: The First Five Years of the National Environmental Policy Act in the USA 56. Habitat Management: Problems and Prospects 57. National Parks: Atonement for Environmental Sins 58. Individual Initiatives 59. Biotic Impoverishment 60. Private Action for the Global Protection of Natural Areas 61. United Nations Environment Programme 62. Zapovedniks: National Preserves of the Soviet Union 63. Zapovedniks 64. The Invasion of Cyprus and the Huge Environmental Price