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Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering for Protection and Development of Environment and Constructions

Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering, (ICEGE 2019), June 17-20, 2019, Rome, Italy

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## Book Description

**Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering for Protection and Development of Environment and Constructions** contains invited, keynote and theme lectures and regular papers presented at the 7^{th} International Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering (Rome, Italy, 17-20 June 2019. The contributions deal with recent developments and advancements as well as case histories, field monitoring, experimental characterization, physical and analytical modelling, and applications related to the variety of environmental phenomena induced by earthquakes in soils and their effects on engineered systems interacting with them. The book is divided in the sections below:

- Invited papers
- Keynote papers
- Theme lectures
- Special Session on Large Scale Testing
- Special Session on Liquefact Projects
- Special Session on Lessons learned from recent earthquakes
- Special Session on the Central Italy earthquake
- Regular papers

**Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering for Protection and Development of Environment and Constructions **provides a significant up-to-date collection of recent experiences and developments, and aims at engineers, geologists and seismologists, consultants, public and private contractors, local national and international authorities, and to all those involved in research and practice related to Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering.

## Table of Contents

**Special Lectures**

**Ishihara Lecture**

Summarizing geotechnical activities after the 2011 Tohoku earthquake of Japan 3

I. Towhata

**Young Research Award Lecture**

Structure-soil-structure interaction in changing urban areas 35

J.A. Knappett, S. Qi, A. Mubarak, M. Licciardello, P. Madden, K. Caucis, K. Bailey,

E. Ukatu & G. Kampas

**Keynote Lectures**

Applications of non-ergodic site response in ground motion modeling 51

J.P. Stewart, P. Wang, D.P. Teague & A. Vecchietti

Foundation–structure systems subjected to faulting-induced deformation: numerical and

physical modelling, design methods, mitigation techniques 71

I. Anastasopoulos & A. Agalianos

Multiple-liquefaction behavior of sands in shaking table tests and cyclic stacked-ring shear

tests 87

J. Koseki, Y. Aoyagi, T. Morimoto, S. Wahyudi, J. Teparaksa & M.S. Iqbal

Dynamic centrifuge tests for soil-foundation-structure interaction problems: disconnected

piled raft (DPR) 105

D.S. Kim, K.W. Ko, S. Manandhar, H.J. Park & J.G. Ha

Calibration of a constitutive model for the cyclic loading responses of Fraser River Delta Silt 121

R.W. Boulanger & D. Wijewickreme

Next generation reduced order models for soil-structure interaction 138

D. Asimaki, J. Garcia-Suarez, D. Kusanovic, K. Nguyen & E. Esmaeilzadeh Seylabi

Uncertainties and variabilities in seismic ground response analyses 153

S. Foti, F. Passeri & A. Rodriguez-Marek

The use of numerical analysis in the interpretation of liquefaction case histories 173

S.L. Kramer & M.W. Greenfield

Key aspects in the engineering assessment of soil liquefaction 189

M. Cubrinovski, N. Ntritsos, R. Dhakal & A. Rhodes

Probabilistic assessment of the earthquake-induced displacements of a slope using finite

element analysis 209

E.M. Rathje & Y. Cho

Modeling of soil-structure interaction for reinforced breakwater foundation subjected to

earthquake and tsunami loading 221

H. Hazarika, B. Chaudhary, A. Nozu, E. Kohama , K. Suzuki, A. Murakami & K. Fujisawa

On the seismic design of displacing earth retaining systems 239

L. Callisto

Lateral and seismic responses of composite caisson-pile foundations 256

M. Huang, X. Gu, W. Tu, C. Zhang & R. Zhong

Development of the second generation of Eurocode 8 – Part 5: a move towards performancebased

design 273

A. Pecker

Vulnerability assessment of buildings exposed to seismically-induced landslides, liquefaction

and tsunamis 282

K. Pitilakis, S. Fotopoulou & S. Karafagka

**Theme Lectures**

Lessons on PSHA and site response analyses learned from recent infrastructure projects

worldwide 301

E. Faccioli & K. Hashemi

Site characterization of strong motion stations based on borehole and surface geophysical

techniques 318

H. Kawase

Observations on the response of natural fine-grained soils with respect to particle fabric 335

D. Wijewickreme, A. Soysa & P. Verma

Assessment of seismic behavior of deep foundations from large-scale liquefaction shake table

experiments 353

A. Ebeido & A. Elgamal

Characterization of loess deposits relevant to seismic landslides, liquefaction and seismic

subsidence 369

L. Wang, X. Pu & J. Chen

Modeling the cyclic response of sands for liquefaction analysis 385

M.T. Manzari, M.A. El Ghoraiby, B.L. Kutter & M. Zeghal

Modelling liquefaction effects – From lateral spreading to soil-structure interaction 397

P. Arduino & A. Ghofrani

Microzonation with respect to ground shaking intensity 410

A. Ansal, G. Tönük & A. Kurtuluş

An engineering perspective on topography and valley effects on seismic ground motion 426

A. Papadimitriou

Field and laboratory assessment of liquefaction potential of crushable volcanic soils 442

R.P. Orense, M.S. Asadi, M.B. Asadi, M.J. Pender & M.E. Stringer

Physics-informed and semi-empirical probabilistic models for structure’s average and

differential settlement on liquefiable ground with extensions to regional analysis 461

Z. Bullock, S. Dashti, A. Liel, K. Porter, K.W. Franke & Z. Karimi

Effectiveness of vertical drains to prevent occurrence of liquefaction and settlement 477

M. Okamura, U.S. Minaka & K. Ono

Seismically induced failure of rock slopes: insights from field observations and analytical

modeling 491

J. Wartman, M. Gibson, A. Grant, L. Arnold, C. Massey, M.J. Olsen, M. McLaughlin &

D. Keefer

Hydrodynamic effects and hydro-mechanical coupling in the seismic response of dams 506

S. Kontoe, L. Zdravković, B. Han & L. Pelecanos

Performance of Ordinary and Geosynthetic Encased Stone Columns as seismic

reinforcement of soft clayey soils 522

E. Guler & C. Cengiz

Insights from advanced numerical modelling into the pseudo-static design of gravity

retaining walls 535

M.J. Pender & A. Kamalzadeh

Analysis of buried oil and gas pipelines crossing active faults: revisiting pipe-ground

interaction 550

G. Kouretzis & G. Bouckovalas

Influence of earthquake-induced excess pore water pressures on seismic bearing capacity of

shallow foundations 556

E. Cascone, G. Biondi & O. Casablanca

Physical modelling of dynamic soil-foundation-structure interaction 582

S.P.G. Madabhushi

Earth dams: damage mechanisms and limit states in seismic conditions 600

L. Pagano, C. Russo, S. Sica & R.M. Costigliola

**Special Session: Large-scale field testing for Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering**

**Theme Lecture**

Field studies of the natural and built environments using large mobile shakers 619

K.H. Stokoe, S. Hwang, B.R. Cox, F.Y. Menq, J.N. Roberts & K. Park

**Invited papers**

Instrumentation and calibration protocols for deep, in-situ liquefaction testing with

controlled blasting 637

A.W. Stuedlein, A. Jana, A.M. Donaldson, J.J. Batti & T.M. Evans

Full-scale blast liquefaction testing in Arkansas USA to evaluate pile downdrag and neutral

plane concepts 648

L.I. Kevan, K.M. Rollins, R.A. Coffman & E. Ishimwe

Full-scale testing of liquefaction mitigation using rammed aggregate piers in silty sands 656

S. Amoroso, K.M. Rollins, P. Andersen, G. Gottardi, L. Tonni, M.F. García Martínez,

K. Wissmann & L. Minarelli

Large-scale field testing of resin injection as a ground improvement method for mitigation of

seismic liquefaction 664

F.J. Wentz, N. Traylen & T. Hnat

Snap-back response of driven steel tube and screw piles in stiff clay 673

M.J. Pender, L.S.Hogan & L. Wotherspoon

Soil mass participation in soil-structure interaction by field experiments in EuroProteas 681

A. Vratsikidis & D. Pitilakis

**Special Session: The LIQUEFACT Project**

**Assessment and mitigation of liquefaction potential across Europe**

**Invited papers**

Mapping the liquefaction hazard at different geographical scales 691

C.G. Lai, D. Conca, A. Famà, Ali G. Özcebe, E. Zuccolo, F. Bozzoni, C. Meisina, R. Bonì,

V. Poggi & R.M. Cosentini

Evaluation of system response and liquefaction damage assessment tools applied to

Adapazari cases in Kocaeli 1999 Earthquake 705

S. Oztoprak, C. Oser, S. Sargin, I. Bozbey, N. Aysal, F. Ozcep, M.K. Kelesoglu & M.

Almasraf

Soil-foundation modelling for vulnerability assessment of buildings in liquefied soils 717

M. Millen, J. Quintero, F. Panico, N. Pereira, X. Romao & A. Viana da Fonseca

Centrifuge modelling in liquefiable ground before and after the application of remediation

techniques 727

V. Fioravante, D. Giretti, J. Moglie, E. Bilotta, G. Fasano, A. Flora & V. Nappa

Field tests to assess the effectiveness of ground improvement for liquefaction mitigation 740

A. Flora, A. Chiaradonna, E. Bilotta, G. Fasano, L. Mele, S. Lirer, L. Pingue & F. Fanti

A high-performance computational platform to assess liquefaction-induced damage at

critical structures and infrastructures 753

A. Meslem, H. Iversen, D.H. Lang, T. Kaschwich & L.S. Drange

Liquefaction risk assessment: lesson learned from a case study 761

G. Modoni, R.L. Spacagna, L. Paolella, E. Salvatore, A. Rasulo & L. Martelli

**Special Session: Lessons learned from recent earthquakes**

**Theme lecture**

Earthquake geotechnical engineering reconnaissance methods and advances 777

J.D. Bray, J.D. Frost, E.M. Rathje & F.E. Garcia

**Invited papers**

Lessons learned from the 2016 Mw 7.8 Muisne-Ecuador earthquake 793

R. Verdugo & F.A. Ochoa-Cornejo

Liquefaction case histories after the 2016 megathrust Pedernales earthquake in Ecuador 805

X.F. Vera-Grunauer, S. Lopez-Zhindon, J. Ordoñez-Rendon & M.A. Chavez-Abril

Investigations on mechanism of landslides during the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake, Japan 821

H. Hazarika, W.O. Sumartini, T. Kokusho, Y. Kochi, S. Ishibashi, S. Yamamoto &

D. Matsumoto

Key findings and observations following the September 19th, 2017 Mw 7.1 Puebla-Mexico

City earthquake 833

J.M. Mayoral, A. Roman, D. De La Rosa, M. Alcaraz & R. Rivas

Geotechnical damage by liquefaction-induced failure during 2018 Hokkaido Iburi-East

Earthquake 845

T. Kokusho, H. Hazarika & T. Ishizawa

Overview of the 2018 Palu Earthquake 857

A. Sahadewa, M. Irsyam, R. Hanifa, R. Mikhail, Astyka Pamumpuni, R. Nazir, S. Pramono,

A. Sabaruddin, L. Faizal, M. Ridwan, A. Himawan, P. Simatupang, I.M. Alatas,

D.S. Harninto, D. Djarwadi, A. Kartawiria, M. Djunaidy, I. Suhendra, A. Kawanda &

Y. Widod

**Special Session: The 2016-2017 earthquake sequence in Central Italy**

**Insights and challenges from reconnaissance activities and microzonation studies**

**Invited papers**

Active faulting and seismotectonics in central Italy: lesson learned from the past 20 years of

seismicity. Engineering clues 873

S. Gori, I. Munafò, E. Falcucci, M. Moro, M. Saroli, L. Malagnini & F. Galadini

Strong ground motion characteristics of 2016 Central Italy earthquakes and implications for

ground motion modeling 889

P. Zimmaro, J.P. Stewart, G. Scasserra, T. Kishida & G. Tropeano

Effects of the Central Italy 2016 seismic sequence on slope stability: preliminary analysis of

some major rock slides 901

P. Tommasi, A. Di Giulio, A. Santo, G. Forte, M. De Falco, L. Verrucci, G. Lanzo,

T. Rotonda & K.W. Franke

Usability and damage assessment of public buildings and churches after the 2016 Central

Italy earthquake: the ReLUIS experience 915

M. Di Ludovico, G. De Martino, A. Santoro, A. Prota, G. Manfredi, C. Calderini, C. Carocci,

F. da Porto, A. Dall’Asta, S. De Santis, G. Fiorentino, A. Digrisolo, M. Dolce, C. Moroni,

B. Ferracuti, D. Ferretti, F. Graziotti, A. Penna, A. Mannella & A. Mari

The Italian policy for Seismic Microzonation 925

M. Dolce, F. Bramerini, S. Castenetto & Naso G.

Overview of the Seismic Microzonation Project: the role of the Italian scientific community 938

D. Albarello, M. Moscatelli & G. Scarascia Mugnozza

The subsoil model for seismic microzonation study: the interplay between geology,

geophysics and geotechnical engineering 948

S. Catalano, S. Grassi, S. Imposa, G. Tortorici, G. Cavuoto, V. Di Fiore, G.A. Alleanza,

A. Chiaradonna, F. de Silva, A. d’Onofrio, F. Silvestri & G. Romagnoli

Site response analyses for seismic microzonation: case-histories, results and applications in

Central Italy 960

A. Pagliaroli, I. Gaudiosi, R. Razzano, S. Giallini, F. de Silva, A. Chiaradonna,

A. Ciancimino & S. Foti

**Regular papers**

Dynamic behaviour of a coupled soil-structure system by means of FEM analyses finalized

to the seismic risk mitigation of a school in Catania (Italy) 977

G. Abate, S. Corsico & S. Grasso

Behaviour of coupled tunnel-soil-aboveground building systems in seismic conditions

evaluated by means of parametric analyses 985

G. Abate, S. Corsico & M.R. Massimino

Effects of partial drainage on the response of Hostun sand: an experimental investigation at

element level 993

O. Adamidis, U. Sinan & I. Anastasopoulos

Comparative study of liquefaction and post-liquefaction properties of original and

reconstituted soil of a hydraulic fill sampled from a specific reclaimed site 1001

S. Addou, A. Kamura, M. Kazama & J. Kim

On the stability of slender rock blocks subjected to horizontal and vertical seismic

accelerations 1009

M. Adinolfi, R.M.S. Maiorano & S. Aversa

Stochastic analysis of seismic ground response for the verification of standard simplified

approaches 1018

M. Aimar, A. Ciancimino & S. Foti

Shaking table test on seismic performance of geogrid reinforced soil wall 1026

A.A. Ajuda, J. Kuwano, S. Takamine & K. Yasukawa

Deep soil mixing design under seismic conditions – a case study 1034

Ö. Akçakal, B. Koçak, N. Velioğlu, H.F. Kulaç & H.T. Durgunoğlu

Seismic induced liquefaction of cemented paste backfill: effect of mixing water 1042

I. Alainachi & M. Fall

A case study of stone column ground improvement performance during a sequence of

seismic events 1050

G.J. Alexander, J. Arefi, L. Wotherspoon, A.C. Stolte, B.R. Cox, R.A. Green &

C.M. Wood

Coupled FE seismic analysis of a zoned earth dam 1058

D. Aliberti, G. Biondi, E. Cascone & C. di Prisco

Performance indexes for seismic analyses of earth dams 1066

D. Aliberti, G. Biondi, E. Cascone & S. Rampello

Seismic microzonation of an alluvial valley hit by the 2016 Central Italy earthquake 1074

G.A. Alleanza, A. d’Onofrio, F. Silvestri, S. Catalano, G. Tortorici, A. Chiaradonna,

F. de Silva & G. Romagnoli

Parametric study on 2D effect on the seismic response of alluvial valleys 1082

G.A. Alleanza, A. d’Onofrio, F. Silvestri & A. Chiaradonna

The effects of Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) slag on engineering characteristics of clayey

soil as an earthquake resistant material 1090

S. Altun, M. Mahmudi, T. Eskisar, E. Karakan & A.B. Goktepe

A numerical study on the dynamic response of scrap tire chips-sand mixture under

undrained condition 1098

A.S. Amanta & S.M. Dasaka

Insight into the post-liquefaction behaviour of skirted foundations 1106

R. Amini Ahidashti, A. Barari & A. Haddad

Seismic induced landslides in sand: a numerical approach 1114

A. Amorosi, F. Rollo & E. Lilliu

The Over-prediction of Liquefaction in Alluvially Deposited Volcanic Sediments 1122

D. Anderson, K.W. Franke, S. Dashti, M. Badanagki & R. Kayen

Measuring the improvements in synthetic seismograms using four generations of velocity

models 1130

J.G. Anderson & H. Kawase

A calibration procedure for sand plasticity modeling in earthquake engineering:

application to TA-GER, UBCSAND and PM4SAND 1138

M. Anthi & N. Gerolymos

SH1 realignment – a numerical study on fault rupture – seawall interaction 1146

I.K. Antonopoulos & S. Sadeghifard

SH1 realignment – performance-based design of MSEW seawalls 1154

I.K. Antonopoulos & C. McDermott

Some considerations about vertical ground motions modelling in earthquake engineering 1162

L.P. Argani & P. Kowalczyk

Identification of seismically-induced rock-slope failure mechanisms using the

discrete element method 1170

L. Arnold, J. Wartman, D. Keefer & M. MacLaughlin

Reconstructing mechanism of large ground movement induced by 2018 Palu Earthquake

7.4 Mw 1178

A. Arsyad, L. Samang, T. Harianto, A.B. Muhiddin, A.R. Djamaluddin & S. Aswad

Liquefaction assessment of pumiceous sand with shear wave velocity approach 1186

M.B. Asadi, R.P. Orense, M.S. Asadi & M.J. Pender

Importance of revisiting (Vs)30 site class index, Sarpol-e-zahab Mw=7.3 earthquake 1194

I. Ashayeri, M. Biglari, A. Sadr & E. Haghshenas

Induced partial saturation for liquefaction mitigation by bio-gas bubbles nucleation 1204

G. Astuto, E. Bilotta, A. Flora, F. Carraturo & M. Guida

Earthquake performance and characterization of gravel-size earthfills in the ports of

Cephalonia, Greece, following the 2014 Earthquakes 1212

A. Athanasopoulos-Zekkos, D. Zekkos, K.M. Rollins, J. Hubler, J. Higbee & A. Platis

The effect of waste rock inclusions on the seismic stability of a tailings impoundment 1220

M. Aubertin, A. Jahanbakhshzadeh & S. Yniesta

Spatial distribution of landslides triggered by the 2016 Central Italy seismic sequence 1228

E. Ausilio, F. Silvestri, G. Tropeano & P. Zimmaro

Three-dimensional nonlinear amplification of Kathmandu basin sediments during the 2015

7.8 Gorkha earthquake 1236

P. Ayoubi, D. Asimaki, M. Stupazzini & I. Mazzieri

1-g shaking table test study of the impact of repeated liquefactions 1244

E. Baboz, K. Watanabe & J. Koseki

A study of a liquefaction hazard map on groundwater levels and various ground

accelerations in the Republic of Korea 1252

W.H. Baek, J.K. Ahn, & J.S. Choi

On the distribution of site amplification factors 1260

M. Bahrampouri, A. Rodriguez-Marek & T. Shing Thum

Development of smooth surface response spectra for the Intra and Inter plate region of India 1265

K. Bajaj & Prof. Dr. Anbazhagan

Natural frequency of a cantilever retaining wall and its seismic stability 1273

J. Bakr, S.M. Ahmad & D. Lombardi

Evaluation of strain dependent shear modulus and damping ratio of unsaturated silty soil

during drying path with resonant-column-torsional shear 1281

S. Banar, S.M. Haeri, A. Khosravi & M. Khosravi

The shaking table with laminar box of the University of Messina 1289

V. Bandini, E. Cascone, G. Biondi, G. Di Filippo, S. Ingegneri, O. Casablanca, D. Aliberti &

F. Genovese

Computational fluid dynamics-based modeling of liquefied soils 1297

S. Banerjee, J. Chen, D.L. Hitt, M.M. Dewoolkar & S.M. Olson

Comparing depth-to-bedrock and fundamental-frequencies as supplement proxies to VS30 in

site response evaluation 1305

A. Baram, R. Kamai & G. Yagoda-Biran

A non-parametric approach to site- and soil-specific probabilistic seismic hazard analysis 1312

S. Barani, D. Spallarossa, F. Pacor, C. Felicetta, S.R. Kotha, D. Bindi, F. Cotton &

P. Bazzurro

Rock concerts and soccer matches: how extreme could be ground motion generated by

jubilant crowds? 1321

P.Y. Bard, T. AlKhally, M. Wathelet, B. Guillier, C. Cornou & E. Chaljub

Developing and optimizing site-specific G0 correlations using SCPTu data 1329

N. Barounis, J. Philpot & T. Smith

Developing and optimizing regional G0 correlations using SCPTu data 1338

N. Barounis, J. Philpot & T. Smith

Grading entropy coordinates and criteria for evaluation of liquefaction susceptibility 1346

D. Barreto, J. Leak, V. Dimitriadi, J. McDougall E. Imre & J. Lőrincz

The importance of vertical displacement control during constant volume cyclic direct simple

shear testing 1354

M. Basham, A. Athanasopoulos-Zekkos & D. Zekkos

Nonlinear ground response analysis based on non-Masing rules: A case study of GRA at IIT

Guwahati, India 1362

D. Basu & A. Dey

Comparison of post-liquefaction settlements at a liquefaction test site considering numerical

and empirical methods 1370

D. Basu, J. Montgomery & A.W. Stuedlein

Settlement mechanisms of footings for liquefiable ground: Effect of superstructure inertia 1378

K. Bazaios, G. Bouckovalas & Y. Chaloulos

A numerical study of ultimate lateral capacity of pile groups 1386

B. Becci, N. Cardella & M. Carni

Design of hazard resilient steel pipe using numerical simulations and large scale testing 1394

B.A. Berger, B.P. Wham & T.D. O’Rourke

Experimental assessment of stiffness and damping in rubber-sand mixtures at various strain

levels 1403

J. Bernal-Sanchez, J. McDougall, D. Barreto, A. Marinelli, V. Dimitriadi, P. Anbazhagan &

M. Miranda

Comparison of different liquefaction assessment methods with data from the 2010-2011

Canterbury Earthquake Sequence 1411

S. Bertelli, S. Lopez-Querol, T. Rossetto, S. Giovinazzi, L. Wotherspoon & R. Ruiter

Simple performance-based pile foundation assessments for risk-based evaluations of existing

structures 1420

F. Besseling, A. Bougioukos & J. de Greef

Steady state testing of shallow alluvial Christchurch silty soils 1428

C.Z. Beyzaei, J.D. Bray, M.F. Riemer, M. Cubrinovski & M.E. Stringer

Influence of connection rigidity on combined pile-raft foundation under seismic loading 1437

A. Bhaduri & D. Choudhury

Three-dimensional dynamic responses of adjacent metro tunnels to vibration loading 1445

B. Bing & R. Dengyu

GIS-based assessment of liquefaction potential for selected earthquake scenarios 1453

J. Bojadjieva, V. Sheshov, K. Edip, J. Chaneva, T. Kitanovski & D. Ivanovski

Fabric evolution in post-liquefaction and re-liquefaction of granular soils using 3D discrete

element modelling 1461

S.V. Bokkisa, G. Wang, D. Huang & F. Jin

Effects of dynamic soil-structure interaction on the performance of structures equipped with

viscous dampers 1469

J.I. Boksmati, S.P.G. Madabhushi & N.I. Thusyanthan

Effect of densification-type ground improvement on the spatial variability

characteristics of soil 1478

T. Bong & A.W. Stuedlein

Response of a raft supported structure to spatially varying ground motion 1487

A. Boominathan, A. Srinivas & R. Varghese

Centrifuge tests to evaluate dynamic impedance functions of square surface foundation 1495

A. Borghei & M. Ghayoomi

Extensive seismic investigation to determine bedrock depth and dynamic soil properties for

1D site response analyses in the heart of Rome 1503

G. Bosco, L. Macerola, M. Tallini, M. Furani, P. Manara, E. Raspa, B. Lipani & A. Tomaro

Simplified prediction model for the peak groundwater pressure due to earthquake motion 1511

A. Bougioukos, F. Besseling & L. van Wee

Numerical modelling of local seismic response in alluvial valleys filled by heterogeneous

deposits for seismic microzonation studies in Northern Latium (Italy) 1519

C. Bourdeau, L. Lenti, M. Cercato, S. Hailemikael, S. Martino & C. Varone

Development of pipeline damage assessment tools using liquefaction-induced ground

movements and CPT-based liquefaction metrics 1527

D. Bouziou, S. Van Ballegooy, L. Storie & T.D. O’Rourke

Shear-induced seismic slope displacement estimates for shallow crustal earthquakes 1537

J.D. Bray & J. Macedo

Statistical interpretation of crosshole data and application to the definition of saturation

depth 1545

A. Callerio, D. Milani, S. Priano & K. Janicki

Dynamic characterization of sands used as backfill in a reinforced earth wall 1554

P.P. Capilleri, A. Cavallaro, E. Motta & M. Todaro

Investigation on the locus of maximum axial force in polyester strap reinforced MSE walls

under seismic loading 1562

P.P. Capilleri, E. Motta & M. Todaro

Comparison between shaking table test results and numerical predictions of seismic

performance of a soil-wall system 1571

P.P. Capilleri, E. Motta & G. Biondi

Inadequacy of the anti-seismic models in the current legislation 1580

S.A. Capolongo

Effects of fines content, fabric, and structure on the cyclic direct simple shear behaviour of

silty sands 1588

C. Cappellaro, M. Cubrinovski, G. Chiaro, M.E. Stringer, J.D. Bray & M.F. Riemer

Soil liquefaction and induced damage to structures: a case study from the 2012 Emilia

earthquake 1596

P. Caputo, A. Chiaradonna, M. Di Ludovico, E. Bilotta, A. Prota, A. Flora & L. Martelli

Theoretical framework for the seismic design of anchored steel sheet pile walls 1604

V.G. Caputo, R. Conti, G.M.B. Viggiani & C. Prüm

A practical procedure for time-domain soil-structure interaction analysis of structures

on pile foundations 1612

S. Carbonari, L. Minnucci, F. Dezi, M. Morici & G. Leoni

PSHA of Oslo, Norway, using smoothed gridded seismicity source zones and NGA East

ground motion models 1621

B.D. Carlton & A.M. Kaynia

Empirical model for seismically induced shear strains in slopes 1629

B.D. Carlton & A.M. Kaynia

Uplift of buried pipelines in liquefiable soils using shaking table apparatus 1638

M. Castiglia, F. Santucci de Magistris & J. Koseki

A modified NorSand model for the prediction of static and cyclic behaviour of sands under

simple shear loading 1647

V. Castonguay & J.M. Konrad

Soil-structure interaction effects on the dynamic behaviour of a masonry school

damaged by the 2016-2017 Central Italy earthquake sequence 1655

S. Cattari, D. Sivori, A. Brunelli, S. Sica, A. Piro, F. de Silva, F. Parisi & F. Silvestri

Distributed seismic monitoring of heritage buildings at city scale: the case study of

Gubbio, Italy 1664

N. Cavalagli, A. Kita, F. Ubertini, F. Trillo, S. Falco & M. Costantini

Seismic slope stability analysis of rainfall-induced landslides in Sicily (Italy). 1672

A. Cavallaro, G. Abate, A. Ferraro, A. Giannone & S. Grasso

An innovative solution for the retrofitting of an existing railway embankment 1681

V. Cefaliello, R. Di Francesco, E. Lolli, G. Nestovito & P. Petrella

Shallow foundation liquefaction-induced settlements of residential buildings due to

man-induced earthquakes 1689

Y. Chaloulos, A. Giannakou, V. Drosos, P. Tasiopoulou, J. Chacko & S. De Wit

Seismic response of n-layered soil: Exact analytical closed-form solution 1698

I. Charara

Behavior of pile group in liquefiable soil deposits during earthquake 1707

K. Chatterjee

Monitoring seismic-induced soil movements using magnetic tracking system 1715

X. Chen & R.P. Orense

Three-dimensional behavior modelling of a pile-stabilized slope and analysis under vertical

seismic loading 1723

C.Y. Chen, Y.S. Lin & J.W. Chen

Normalized coefficient of horizontal subgrade reaction in saturated sand during shaking

table tests 1731

C.H. Chen, T.S. Ueng & C.H. Chen

Seismic response of a buried box structure in layered liquefiable grounds 1739

R.R. Chen, R. Wang, J.M. Zhang & M. Taiebat

Prediction of non-linear soil behaviour in saturated sand: a loosely coupled approach

for 1D effective stress analysis 1746

A. Chiaradonna, A. d’Onofrio, F. Silvestri & G. Tropeano

Undrained monotonic and cyclic torsional simple shear behavior of the Aso pumiceous

soil deposits 1754

G. Chiaro, T. Kiyota & M. Umar

Multidisciplinary approach for the Seismic Microzonation of Pescara del Tronto

(AP-Central Italy) 1762

V. Chiessi, M. Amanti, M. Roma, L.M. Puzzilli, F. Ferri & C. Barnaba

Simplified pseudo-static displacement-based solutions to determine seismic earth forces

against embedded retaining walls in shallow soils 1768

C.Y. Chin, C. Kayser & M.J. Pender

Shaking table testing on pile response due to lateral spreading 1776

J.S. Chiou, T.J. Huang & C.H. Chen

Effects of earthquake motion on the underground structure uplift during liquefaction 1784

J.C. Chou

Dynamic characteristics of 6-pile group under vertical excitations - Theory versus experiment 1792

S.S. Choudhary, S. Biswas, P. Halder, K. Tandon & B. Manna

Seismic effect on structures coupled through common foundation system 1797

I. Chowdhury, R. Tarafdar & A. Ghosh

Ground motion selection using the conditional spectrum: insights for different tectonic

environments 1803

I.N. Chowdhury, A. Cabas, J. Kaklamanos, K.M. Lang, A. Kottke & N. Gregor

Dynamic characterization of fine-grained soils for the seismic microzonation of Central Italy 1812

A. Ciancimino, S. Foti, G. Lanzo, G.A. Alleanza, A. d’Onofrio, S. Amoroso, R. Bardotti,

C. Madiai, G. Biondi, E. Cascone, F. Castelli, V. Lentini, A. Di Giulio & G. Vessia

Effects of high-diluted colloidal silica grout on the mechanical behavior of a liquefiable sand 1820

G. Ciardi, R. Bardotti, G. Vannucchi & C. Madiai

Comparison of assessments of liquefaction potential in selected New Zealand pumiceous

soils 1828

P.J. Clayton, K.L. de Graaf, I. Yong & R.A. Green

Full waveform inversion to evaluate liquefaction triggering in soils exhibiting natural spatial

stiffness variability 1836

J.T. Coe, S. Mahvelati & A. Kordjazi

Design of rockfall protection for recovery works after the 2016 Kaikōura Earthquake 1844

T. Colgan

On the effect of around-source crustal heterogeneities on 3-D regional seismic wave field 1854

M. Colvez, F. Lopez-Caballero, F. Gatti & R. Cottereau

A simple constitutive model for taking into account soil nonlinearity and strength in 1D site

response analyses 1861

R. Conti, V. Licata & M. Angelini

Simple guidelines for the seismic design of yielding semi-gravity cantilever walls 1870

R. Conti & V.G. Caputo

Developing fragility curves for earth-retaining walls along the Italian roadway network 1878

R.M. Cosentini, F. Bozzoni, D. Conca & C.G. Lai

Seismic safety evaluation of an existing bituminous faced rockfill dam 1887

R.M. Costigliola, C. Mancuso, L. Pagano & F. Silvestri

Comparison of simplified and more refined analyses of seismic settlements 1895

C. Crawford, J. Tootle, R. Pyke & M.F. Riemer

Sudden soil subsidence in Mexico City due to strong ground motions 1903

J.A. Díaz-Rodríguez

Seismic microzonation by means of cluster analysis 1911

A. D’Alessandro, S. Scudero, P. Capizzi, A. Martorana, A. Carollo & M. Catania

Real-time networks for earthquake observation and structural health monitoring in Sicily 1919

A. D’Alessandro, L. Greco, S. Scudero, G. Vitale & D. Patanè

Seismic response analyses for a proposed reclamation at the Lyttelton Port of Christchurch 1927

A. Dabeet, I.K. Antonopoulos, C. Dai & A. Azizian

Assessment of yield acceleration of an embankment founded on soils susceptible to

liquefaction 1935

C. Dai, S. Raathiv & D. Sullivan

Kinematic response of pile foundations in liquefiable soils 1944

P.K. Dammala & A.M. Krishna

Extension of the procedure for evaluating parameters of strike–slip fault with surface

breakings for strong motion prediction 1952

K. Dan, A. Oana, H. Fujiwara & N. Morikawa

Efficiency of a reduced model of seismic metamaterials 1961

M. Darche, F. Lopez-Caballero, D. Aubry, B. Tie, B. Caicedo Hormaza & F.J. Monroy

Mendoza

Development of a hypo-plastic model for cyclic response analysis of crushable sand 1969

A. Das, S.K. Verma & N.R. Patra

Validation of three liquefaction assessment software packages with CPT data from the

New Zealand Geotechnical Database 1977

M. Daví, I.J. Tromans, B. Carvalho & A.T. Gomes

A proposed performance based seismic design process for lifeline systems 1986

C.A. Davis

The Legacy of the 1987 Edgecumbe Earthquake, New Zealand 1994

C.H. de Gale Price & K.J. Christensen

S-wave measurements and seismic site classification in the Hispaniola Island 2002

O. de Leon, A. Penna, D. Aliperti & A.L. Simonelli

Seismic response of pile-supported buildings based on SFSI 2010

L. de Sanctis, M. Iovino, S. Aversa, R. Di Laora, P. Franchin & F. Noto

Design method for horizontal drains in liquefiable soil 2019

D. De Sarno, G. Fasano & E. Bilotta A. Flora

Fragility curves of slender towers accounting for seismic soil-structure interaction 2027

F. de Silva, S. Sica, F. Ceroni & F. Silvestri

Quality control and acceptance criteria of vibro compaction works for mitigation of

liquefaction potential 2036

W.S. Degen & E. Di Mario

Significance of vertical ground motions on soil-pile-superstructure systems 2045

A. Dehghanpoor, D. Thambiratnam & E. Taciroglu

Geomechanical and geophysical investigations for sustainable conservation of the

Temple of the Winged Lions in Petra (Jordan) 2053

G. Delmonaco, L.M. Puzzilli & F. Traversa

The influence of improved soil zone on liquefaction response 2060

S. Demir, P. Özener & C. Aydin

Influence of source characteristics on the uncertainties in MASW survey 2068

A.S. Desai, N. Roy, R.S. Jakka, J.P. Narayan & A. Kranthikumar

On the seismic performance of geosynthetic reinforced earth structures 2076

O. Detert & L.E. Russo

Modelling the behaviour of shallow foundation using beam on nonlinear Winkler

foundation 2085

B.S. Deviprasad & G.R. Dodagoudar

Evaluation of dynamic soil-pile interaction based on both full scale in situ tests and

numerical simulations 2093

F. Dezi, D. Roia, M.C. Capatti, S. Carbonari, F. Gara, G. Leoni & M. Morici

Site characterization for liquefaction assessment of gravelly reclamations at CentrePort,

Wellington 2102

R. Dhakal, M. Cubrinovski, C. de la Torre & J.D. Bray

Seismic analysis of an Integral Bridge with retrofitted RC pile foundation in different

foundation soils using simplified SSI 2111

S. Dhar & K. Dasgupta

Seismic performance of geosynthetic-reinforced retaining walls: experimental tests vs

numerical predictions 2120

G. Di Filippo, G. Biondi & N. Moraci

A two-wedge approach for the evaluation of seismic-induced rock-slides dams 2128

G. Di Filippo, V. Bandini, G. Biondi & E. Cascone

Influence of earthquake-induced pore-water pressure on the seismic stability of cohesive

slopes 2136

G. Di Filippo, G. Biondi & E. Cascone

A multi-directional numerical approach for the seismic ground response and dynamic

soil-structure interaction analyses 2145

A. di Lernia, A. Amorosi & D. Boldini

Seismic design of reinforced soil structures using a two-part wedge method with special

reference to the inclusion of vertical acceleration 2153

M.J.D. Dobie

Assessing seismically induced slope deformation of the Diezma Landslide via limit

equilibrium analysis and numerical modeling 2166

G. Domej, C. Bourdeau, L. Lenti, S. Martino & J. Delgado Marchal

Simulation of the slip on the fault and the trace of the 2016 Kumamoto, Japan, earthquake

by dynamic fault rupturing technique 2174

S. Dorjpalam, K. Dan, D. Ju, H. Fujiwara & N. Morikawa

Investigation of post-failure axial capacity of lightly reinforced concrete piles 2182

V. Drosos, A. Papageorgiou, A. Giannakou, J. Chacko & S. De Wit

A new simple neural-network based approach to predict the seismic response of levees and

small height earth dams 2191

C. Durand, E. Chaljub, P.Y. Bard, J.J. Fry, R. Granjon & E. Renalier

Analysis of seismic earth pressures on flexible underground box structures 2200

M.G. Durante, S.J. Brandenberg, S. Dashti, J.P. Stewart & G. Mylonakis

Seismic hazard analysis for tectonic earthquakes in the western area of Naples, Italy 2208

H. Ebrahimian, F. Jalayer, G. Forte, V. Convertito, V. Licata, A. d’Onofrio, A. Santo &

F. Silvestri

Soft storey effects on seismic analysis of multistorey frame in SSI problems 2217

K. Edip, V. Sheshov & J. Bojadjieva

Study on seismic reinforcement of piles in liquefied volcanic ash ground 2224

T. Egawa, O. Hatakeyama & K. Isobe

Experimentally-derived cyclic P-Y Curves for rigid walls supporting granular backfill 2233

I. Elchiti, S. Najjar, G. Saad & S. Sadek

A comparative study on performance of bridges with rocking pile foundations in

different soils 2241

O. El-Hawat, B. Fatahi & C. Edmonds

Ground motion scaling for the assessment of the seismic response of a diaphragm wall 2249

G. Elia, A. di Lernia & M. Rouainia

A numerical study of the composite behavior of permanent and temporary shaft liners

subjected to strong ground shaking 2258

K.C. Ellison, P. Kumar, A. Richmond, S. Chen, L. Maher, Y.M.A. Hashash, M. Walker &

S. Toloui

Pore pressure development in sand specimens reinforced with polypropylene fibers 2266

T. Eskisar, S. Altun & E. Karakan

Evaluation of two constitutive models in predicting cyclic behavior of a natural clay 2275

M.M. Eslami, M. Zarrabi & S. Yniesta

Effect of non-uniform seismic shaking on soil-tunnel interaction 2283

S. Fabozzi, E. Bilotta, H. Yu & Y. Yuan

Feasibility study of earthquake early warning systems: the case of tunnels of the Italian

high-speed railway network 2291

S. Fabozzi, E. Bilotta, M. Picozzi & A. Zollo

Liquefaction potential evaluation of intermediate soils from mechanical and electrical

CPT’s. The case study of Barberino di Mugello (Italy). 2299

J. Facciorusso, C. Madiai, G. Vannucchi, E. Gargini & M. Baglione

GIS-aided analysis of the seismic - volcanic risk in the Vesuvius coastal area. 2307

B. Faggiano, G. Iovane, C. Gerundo, M. Perillo, M. Stanganelli, G. Forte & F. Silvestri

Effect of soil types on the dynamic response of an embedded pipe in a typical slope 2316

H. Farahi-Jahromi & F. Jafarzadeh

Numerical modeling of the offshore wind turbine monopile foundation under environmental

loading 2325

M. Massah Fard, A. Erken, B. Erkmen & A. Ansal

Parametric study to evaluate the performance of horizontal drains as mitigation technique

against soil liquefaction 2333

G. Fasano, V. Nappa, E. Bilotta & A. Flora

Genetic algorithm framework for p-y curve derivation 2341

C. Favaretti, N.J. Ceglia & A. Lemnitzer

Epistemic uncertainty quantification for 1D ground response analysis using fully

nonlinear models 2349

V. Alves Fernandes, S. Montoya-Noguera, E. Foerster, F. Lopez-Caballero, M. Jacquet &

D. Vandeputte

Seismic upgrade of south seabus terminal 2357

V. Fernando, U. Atukorala & Y. Wittwer

New developments in bender element testing 2365

C. Ferreira, A. Viana da Fonseca, F. Díaz-Durán & G. Cascante

Seismic induced displacements of “La Sorbella” landslide (Italy) 2373

A. Ferretti, V.M.E. Fruzzetti, P. Ruggeri & G. Scarpelli

Key role of soil investigation and monitoring for the assessment of site effects for the

village of San Giuliano di Puglia (CB), Italy 2381

T. Fierro, L. Mignelli, G. Scasserra, F. Santucci de Magistris & A. Pagliaroli

1D Non-linear seismic response analysis of soft soil deposits 2389

G. Di Filippo, F. Genovese, G. Biondi & E. Cascone

Modification of ground motions for hazard consistent seismic response analysis 2396

W.D.L. Finn, Y. Pan & F. Ruz

Liquefaction resistance of partially saturated soils from CPTs 2404

V. Fioravante, D. Giretti & M. Jamiolkowski

Application of colloidal silica grout to stabilize against liquefaction the foundation soil

of an existing school building 2412

V. Fioravante, D. Giretti, A. Balducci & S. Rastelli

Comparison of two CPT based methods for liquefaction assessment for selected sites of the

Emilia Romagna region 2420

V. Fioravante, D. Giretti & L. Martelli

Reduction of undrained strength of volcanic soils due to particle breakage 2428

F. Florince & M. Kikumoto

Assessment and mitigation of earthquake-induced landslides in Philippine

infrastructure 2436

M.P. Follosco, R.A.C. Luna, R.D. Quebral, J.E. Delos Santos, J.C. Pallarca &

R.E. Cabungcal

Slope effect on response spectra using equivalent linear method and nonlinear method 2444

C. Forin, C. Gilbert, I. Halfon & B. Virollet

Assessment of seismic slope stability at different scales in Molise Region (Southern Italy) 2452

G. Forte, S. Fabbrocino, F. Silvestri & F. Santucci de Magistris

CPTLiquefY: a new research tool for performance-based liquefaction hazard assessment

using the CPT 2460

K.W. Franke, J.L. Blonquist, J. He-Liang, M. Hatch, T. Coutu & A. Arndt

Performance of velocity-based time-discontinuous Galerkin space-time finite element

method in nonlinear elastodynamic analysis 2468

N. Fujii, V. Sharma, K. Fujisawa & A. Murakami

Study on applicability of the strain space multiple mechanism model based on large

deformation theory for the sheet pile structure 2476

N. Fujii, K. Ueda, M. Sekino, T. Nakama & T. Tobita

Ground motion evaluation for intra-plate earthquake by different site amplification

factors and source models 2484

Y. Fukushima, T. Nagao, J. Oshige & I. Suetomi

Seismic risk evaluation of facilities considering aftershocks 2493

S. Fukushima, H. Watabe & H. Yashiro

Physical modelling of anchored steel sheet pile walls under seismic actions 2502

A. Fusco, G.M.B. Viggiani, S.P.G. Madabhushi, G. Caputo, R. Conti & C. Prüm

Seismic performance of new Turkish Building Code and Eurocode for areas prone to

liquefaction 2510

E. Güler & K.B. Afacan

An improved displacement-based approach for seismic analysis of pile-stabilized slopes

taking into account soil-structure interaction 2518

A. Galli & C. di Prisco

Pseudodynamic seismic stability analysis of cohesive-frictional soil slopes 2526

R. Ganesh & J.P. Sahoo

Kinematic and inertial seismic load effects on pile foundations in stratified soil 2534

T.K. Garala & S.P.G. Madabhushi

Distinct element analysis of earthquake surface fault rupture through layered media 2542

F.E. Garcia & J.D. Bray

Towards a reliable analytic method for the assessment of seismically-induced pressures on

retaining walls 2550

J. Garcia-Suarez & D. Asimaki

Soil amplification response of Mexico City clay in the MS7.1 Puebla, 2017 earthquake 2558

E. Garini, G. Gazetas & I. Anastasopoulos

The dynamic behaviour of Polyurethane foams in geotechnical conditions 2566

M.P.A. Gatto, L. Montrasio, A. Tsinaris, D. Pitilakis & A. Anastasiadis

The role of soil constitutive modelling on the assessment of seismic performance of caisson

foundations 2574

D. Gaudio & S. Rampello

Site effects in Saletta damaged area of Amatrice municipality (Central Italy) after the 24th

August 2016 earthquake 2583

I. Gaudiosi, G. Vignaroli, M. Mancini, M. Moscatelli, M. Simionato, P. Sirianni, R. Razzano,

E. Peronace, S. Piscitelli, C. Madiai, G.P. Cavinato, G. Cosentino, C. Di Salvo, S. Giallini,

F. Polpetta, M.L. Putignano, V. Scionti, F. Stigliano, R. Bardotti, J. Facciorusso, E. Gargini,

J. Bellanova, G. Calamita, A. Perrone, M.R. Gallipoli, E. Gueguen, T.A. Stabile, G. Romano,

S. Amoroso, P. Bordoni, A. Bucci, F. Cara, S. Carannante, R. Cogliano, G. Cultrera,

E. D’Alema, M. D’Amico, G. Di Giulio, D. Di Naccio, D. Famiani, C. Felicetta, A. Fodarella,

G. Franceschina, G. Lanzano, S. Lovati, L. Luzi, C. Mascandola, M. Massa, A. Mercuri,

G. Milana, F. Pacor, D. Picaredda, M. Pischiutta, S. Pucillo, R. Puglia, G. Riccio,

M. Vassallo, G. Boniolo, G. Caielli, A. Corsi, R. de Franco, A. Tento, M.P. Boni,

M. Compagnoni, S. Munda, F. Pergalani, M. Cercato, F. Bucci, M. Cardinali, F. Fiorucci &

M. Santangelo

A procedure for the selection of input ground motion for 1D seismic response analysis 2591

F. Genovese, D. Aliberti, G. Biondi & E. Cascone

Advances in real-time dynamic PGD calculation of non-linear soil behavior. A fractional

parametric study 2599

C. Germoso

Seismic effective stress analysis of caisson–type quay walls: A comparative study between

constitutive models 2608

N. Gerolymos, M. Anthi & K. Argyroulis

Serviceability of soil nailed walls in dynamic centrifuge tests 2616

A. Ghadamgahi, M.H. Baziar & A.J. Brennan

Liquefaction susceptibility of tailing storage facility-comparison of NCEER and

FE methods 2624

M. Ghatei, M. Lorestani & H. Basarir

Numerical modelling of liquefaction for long duration motion-challenges & solutions 2635

B. Ghosh, V. Kumar & R. Tan

Assessment of lateral spreading demands on the 1915 Ҫanakkale Bridge tower foundation 2643

A. Giannakou, P. Tasiopoulou, J. Chacko & H. Kim

Modeling reinforcing effects of ground improvement in mitigating seismic settlement 2651

J.R. Gingery

Geological and geophysical characterization of the “Duomo di Orvieto” area, Umbria

Region, Central Italy 2659

A. Giocoli, S. Hailemikael, D. Rinaldis, P. Clemente, G. De Canio, S. Piscitelli, J. Bellanova,

G. Calamita, A. Perrone & V. Lapenna

Monitoring of dynamic behavior of the base isolated buildings and adjacent soils in the

Kamchatka region 2667

I.R. Giziatullin, A.A. Bubis, G.N. Vakhrina & M.R. Chupanov

Cyclic response of Ottawa sand under different test conditions: cyclic triaxial, unidirectional

and bidirectional direct simple shear 2674

S. Gokyer, K. Zehtab, W.A. Marr, S.K. Werden & A. Apostolov

Ultimate design capacity of bridge abutments 2682

D.N. Gorini, L. Callisto A. & J. Whittle

Effect of soil-structure interaction on seismic performance of Tuned Mass Dampers in

buildings 2690

D.N. Gorini & C. Chisari

The use of Rayleigh wave ellipticity for deeper Vs profile identification - a case study in

Lisbon city 2698

F. Gouveia, R.C. Gomes & I.F. Lopes

Extreme natural event damage estimation on buildings and land using image matching and

registration 2706

L. Greco, S. Scudero, A. D’Alessandro & G. Vitale

Assessment of an alternative implementation of the Dobry et al. cyclic strain procedure for

evaluating liquefaction triggering 2714

R.A. Green & E. Rodriguez-Arriaga

Computational and experimental study of seismic site effects on Amatrice hill 2723

G. Grelle, R. Maresca, E. Gargini, J. Facciorusso & C. Madiai

Assessment of in-situ coarse soil behavior having results on laboratory tests on the 0-5 mm

grain size part 2732

J.C. Gress & P. Mouroux

Seismic response analysis of offshore bridges considering site liquefaction 2740

Y. Gu, Z.Y. Huang, L. Cai & W.D. Zhuo

Liquefaction responses of specimens prepared by IPS tested in DSS-C and shaking table 2748

D.B. Gulen & E. Eseller-Bayat

Effect of Rayleigh waves on the seismic stability of reinforced soil wall 2756

A. Gupta & V.A. Sawant

Effects of liquefaction-induced lateral spreading on a 3×3 pile group using 1g shake table

and laminar shear box 2764

S.M. Haeri, M. Rajabigol, S. Salaripour, A. Kavand, H. Sayyaf, S. Afzalsoltani & A. Pakzad

Seismic analysis of piled raft foundation− Pseudostatic approach 2771

P. Halder & B. Manna

Empirical correlations for strain dependent linear 1D ground response analysis for

Guwahati, India based on detailed analyses 2779

S. Halder, J.K. Mondal & A. Kumar

Centrifuge model tests on seismic behavior of piled raft foundation with soil-cement wall in

soft clayey ground 2787

J. Hamada, T. Okumura & T. Honda

Development of seismic-resistant embankment structure using composite ground

improvement technique 2795

H. Hashimoto, O. Hatakeyama, H. Hayashi & T. Aoki

Examining strength characteristics of improved soil by permeation grouting of ultra

microfine cement for soil liquefaction countermeasure 2804

K. Hashimoto, Y. Arai, T. Hyodo & Y. Tsukamoto

Seismic effectiveness of different restraining systems for skewed bridge decks supported on

elastomeric bearings 2812

M. Hassoun, B. Fatahi & S. Mirlatifi

Relationship between fracture behavior of RC pile foundation and maximum inertial force

acting on the superstructure 2820

K. Hayashi, S. Kaneda & S. Tamura

Proposal of Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis for disaster prevention of the local area 2827

T. Hayashi & H. Yashiro

Soil-structure interaction analysis in a study of an offshore extension 2835

B. Her, G. Renoud-Lias, R. Taherzadeh & G. Russo-Lancia

Reduction of ground surface vibrations by using an active wave generator 2843

A. Herbut

Simultaneous effect of uplift and soil-structure interaction on seismic performance of

storage tanks 2851

D. Hernandez-Hernandez, T. Larkin & N. Chouw

Evaluating the effect of active fault intersection with buried gas pipelines using DEM 2859

Y. Hiraga, H. Taniyama, G. Cao & N. Hashimoto

Study on liquefaction characteristics of Red River Dyke sand 2867

N. Hong Nam & N.T.N. Van

Shaking table tests on immersed tunnel-joint-soil under two horizontal directions seismic

ground motions 2875

C. Hongjuan, Y. Weiming, C. Shicai & Z. Xueming

Investigating effects of wave incident angle and joint depth on ground surface motion

considering multiple reflections via coupled discrete element and finite difference method 2883

B. Huang, B. Fatahi & S. Terzaghi

A physics-based integrated SEM-Newmark model for regional-scale coseismic landslide

assessment 2891

D. Huang, G. Wang & F. Jin

Co-seismic rotation and displacement of a structure with a basement sited in liquefiable soil 2898

F.E. Hughes & S.P.G. Madabhushi

Framework for tracking the accumulation of shear strains during cyclic mobility 2906

F. Humire, K. Ziotopoulou, M.S. Basson & A. Martinez

Experimental study on static and cyclic liquefaction of cohesionless Chang Dam soil 2915

M. Hussain & A. Sachan

Effective stress analysis of liquefiable site in Christchurch to discern the characteristics of

sediment ejecta 2923

D. Hutabarat & J.D. Bray

Comparison of downhole Vs profiles using conventional- and spectral- analysis methods 2932

S. Hwang & K.H. Stokoe

Experimental study on the dynamic deformation characteristics of improved sand using

ultra microfine cement 2941

T. Hyodo, Y. Tsukamoto, K. Hashimoto & Y. Arai

Analysis of partially saturated liquefiable soil through strain space multiple mechanism

model 2949

S. Iai & K. Ueda

Seismic site effects over a two-dimensional geotechnical profile in Mendoza City 2957

J.P. Ibañez, G.E. Perez, J.M. Barbagelata & A.M. Barchiesi

Model parameter setting of effective stress analysis for PBD with and without consideration

of K_alpha effect 2965

K. Ichii

Seismic response of contiguous pile wall used as deep excavation supporting system 2972

G.T. Idiculla & S.M. Dasaka

Deep learning-based site amplification models for Central and Eastern North America 2980

O. Ilhan, J.A. Harmon, O.A. Numanoglu & Y.M.A. Hashash

PSHA incorporating Physics-Based Numeric Simulations: the case study of Beijing 2988

M. Infantino, I. Mazzieri, R. Paolucci, A. Allmann & M. Stupazzini

Influence of cyclic strength degradation on a Newmark-type analysis 2996

S. Ingegneri, G. Biondi, E. Cascone & G. Di Filippo

Evaluation of bender transmitter response inside soil using novel laser measurements 3005

M. Irfan, G. Cascante & D. Basu

Elemental test method to obtain liquefaction strength using step loadings from one specimen 3013

M. Ishihara, T. Sasaki & T. Sasaki

Evaluation of the applicability of residual displacement analysis to the damage phenomenon

of highway Embankment of the Niigata-ken Chuetsu Earthquake 3021

K. Ishikawa, S. Yasuda, H. Nakamura & K. Fujioka

Accurate seismic zoning of the Kita-Senju area of Tokyo using small mesh-size soil profile

models 3029

K. Ishikawa, S. Yasuda & S. Komiya

Analysis of dynamic centrifuge model tests for irrigation dams using New-Mark D method 3038

H. Ishikawa, S. Sato, S.S. Suzuki & Y. Shiraishi

Effect of liquefaction on the seismic response of port facilities on reclaimed island: a case

study from the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake sequence 3046

B. Ismael, D. Lombardi, S.M. Ahmad, J.A. Mendoza, S. Bhattacharya & N.J. Vimalan

Numerical analysis of liquefaction countermeasure method by hexagonal grid form soil

improvement using jet grouting method 3054

Y. Isobe, M. Sekino, J. Takeuchi, T. Oonishi & M. Nakajima

Development of estimation method of seismic damage for telecommunication conduits 3062

A. Ito, M. Okutsu, T. Suzuki & G. Shoji

Detailed identification of the ground structure and estimation of the strong ground motion

using microtremor observation in a village with stiff soil layers 3070

E. Ito, H. Kawase & F. Nagashima

Large-scale shake table test and numerical analysis of seawall seismic countermeasures for

coastal reclaimed areas and peripheral facilities 3078

H. Itoh, E. Kohama, T. Sugano, R. Terada, H. Nishi, Y. Kawamata, K. Tsurugasaki,

J. Miyamoto & H. Kokusho

Deformation properties of soils for a nonlinear dynamic response analysis 3086

J. Izawa, A. Toyooka, K. Kojima, Y. Murono & A. Suzuki

Seismic shear behavior of clayey volcanic soil in residential area damaged by the 2016

Kumamoto earthquakes in Japan 3094

S. Izumiya A. Kamura, M. Kazama, J. Kim & S. Sato

Evaluation of the effects of principal stress direction on shear modulus of unsaturated

sand using hollow cylinder apparatus 3102

F. Jafarzadeh, F. Ahmadi Givi & A. Ahmadinezhad

Evaluating aseismicity of an embankment constructed with the mixture of steel slag

and fine grained soil 3109

K. Jeong, J. Baek, S. Kataoka & S. Shibuya

Effect of modulus reduction and damping curves on selection of site-specific seismic

design parameters 3115

R.B. Jishnu & R. Ayothiraman

Impact of seismic design code revision on large embankment dams in Korea 3126

S.B. Jo, T.M. Kim, D.S. Park & N.R. Kim

Study of the influence of non-plastic fines on the liquefaction resistance of sands 3134

L. Jradi, J.C. Dupla, J. Canou & B. Seif El Dine

A comparative study on some cyclic models in sands and silts subjected to dynamic loading 3144

A. Juneja & A.K. Mohammed-Aslam

The behaviour of desaturated sands under static and cyclic loading 3153

A. Juneja & S. Chakraborty

Modelling the dynamic response of gravity retaining wall systems using OpenSees 3161

A. Kamalzadeh & M.J. Pender

Study on repair and reinforcement for pile foundation using jet grouting 3170

T. Kamata, A. Shimamura & T. Tsuchiya

Numerical simulations of grid form deep mixing walls with non-liquefying sand layer 3178

K. Kaneda, M. Imai & S. Tsukuni

A bounding surface plasticity model for normally consolidated volcanic cohesive soils

subjected to cyclic loading 3185

X.S. Kang, J.H. Zhang, C.M. Ning & H.J. Liao

Ground motion amplifications due to topographic effects during the 2017 Pohang, South

Korea, earthquake 3194

S. Kang, B. Kim, S. Bae, K. Kim & H. Cho

Evaluation of properties of Solani sand for numerical analysis using UBC3D-PLM and

experimental validation 3202

A. Kanth & B.K. Maheshwari

The effect of soil-structure interaction and liquefaction on the seismic performance of

typical port buildings 3210

S. Karafagka, S. Fotopoulou, A. Karatzetzou & D. Pitilakis

Kinematic interaction of pile groups with liquefied soil during lateral spreading based

on 1g shake table tests 3218

A. Kavand & M. Yazdi

Proposal of torsional hollow cylindrical test data utilization method for validation of

liquefaction analysis 3226

T. Kawai, M. Kazama, M. Tomita & J. Kim

A simplified analysis for an earthquake resistant reinforcement of pile foundations 3234

M. Kawamura, Y. Adachi & K. Urano

Evaluation of constitutive law applicability for the ground improvement by jet grouting 3242

J. Kawamura, Y. Iguchi, T. Namikawa, K. Takehara, T. Yamada & S. Ohno

S-wave velocity inversion based on microtremor HVR: Effectiveness of the EMR correction

for the Grenoble basin 3250

H. Kawase, F. Nagashima, E. Ito & C. Cornou

Permanent seismic displacements in volcanic lake-bed deposits of Aso Caldera,

Kumamoto, Japan 3259

R. Kayen, K.W. Franke, S. Dashti & P. Zimmaro

Peak Ground Velocity attenuation relationships using Genetic Programming 3269

E. Kermani, S. Barzegari, Y. Jafarian & M.H. Baziar

Effect of natural and anthropogenic soil heterogeneities on the liquefaction-induced

damage of a levee 3277

C. Khalil & F. Lopez-Caballero

Advanced numerical modeling of Aratozawa dam response under Miyagi 2008 strong

earthquake 3285

M. Kham, P. Kolmayer & N. Matsumoto

On small strain shear stiffness of plastic clay subjected to isotropic stress states 3293

M. Khoshini, L. Zhang, A. Khoshghalb & M. Payan

Modeling the cyclic softening of a mildly sensitive clay 3302

M. Kiernan & J. Montgomery

Long term cyclic behavior and strength of marine silty sand investigated by cyclic direct

simple shear apparatus 3310

J.M. Kim, S.W. Son, J.C. Yoon, P. Bagheri, D.H. Lee & S.H. Sim

Generative adversarial network for earthquake early warning system 3318

J. Kim & M. Torbol

A rescue simulation scenario for Tokyo Inland Earthquake: the role transport network and

traffic regulation in lifesaving 3323

S. Kina, S. Sadohara & H. Yashiro

Hybrid broadband seismic ground motions: application to the city of Edessa in northern

Greece 3331

A. Kiratzi, Z. Roumelioti, K. Makra, N. Klimis & A. Koskosidi

Data processing of downhole records in embankment dams to extract insitu modulus

reduction curves 3340

T. Kishida, R.L. Sousa, Y.J. Byon, D.S. Park & R. Armstrong

Characteristics of ocean-floor time series of shallow crustal earthquakes recorded by

DONET in Japan 3346

T. Kishida, R.L. Sousa, G.L. Zhu, Y.J. Byon & Y. Sugiyama

Numerical simulations on unsaturated soil experiments using tri-phase seismic response

analysis 3353

K. Kitade, O. Ozutsumi, N. Orai & S. Iai

The effects of uncertainty of soil properties on the estimation of seismic ground settlements

for unsaturated sandy soils 3362

T. Kitazume & S. Goto

Seismic damage mechanism of multi-anchor walls with high ground water level 3371

M. Kobayashi, K. Miura, T. Konami & T. Hayashi

Cyclic lateral loading test and simulation of lateral soil resistance for steel pipe pile with

wings 3379

T. Kobayashi & Y. Miyamoto

Effect of water content and dry density to seismic behavior of homogeneous dam models in

centrifuge shaking model tests 3388

Y. Kohgo, T.T. Win, T. Sato, K. Eguchi & H. Tagashira

Seismic behavior of temporary retaining wall structures 3397

K. Kojima, A. Suzuki, S. Yazaki, M. Honda & S. Nishiyama

Energy-based Newmark method for slope displacement without need of acceleration

time-history 3403

T. Kokusho

Seismic performance of back-to-back mechanically stabilized multi-anchor walls 3411

T. Konami, T. Hayashi, M. Kobayashi & K. Miura

Mapping liquefaction based on CPT data for induced seismicity in Groningen 3418

M. Korff, P. Meijers, A. Wiersma & F. Kloosterman

The new Dutch guideline for seismic foundation design in Groningen 3426

M. Korff, P. Meijers, J. de Greef, F. Besseling & T. Vrouwenvelder

A numerical full 3D-finite element model with joint elements to describe the

non-linear soil-pile behaviour of pile foundations 3434

M. Korres, S. Cherubini, G. Devesa, V. Alves Fernandes & M. Jacquet

Cyclic behavior of bio-cemented sands: state of knowledge from experimental data and

constitutive models 3442

M. El Kortbawi & K. Ziotopoulou

Dynamic response of anchored retaining walls on a compliant foundation 3450

C. Koutsantonakis, G. Mylonakis, S.J. Brandenberg & J.P. Stewart

Development of hybrid foundation to mitigate the liquefaction-induced settlement

of shallow foundation 3459

R. Kumar, A. Takahashi & M. Sawaishi

Pseudo-static analysis of caissons to determine critical loading ratio 3467

M. Kumar & K. Chatterjee

Seismic bearing capacity of shallow strip footing resting on two layered sands 3474

P. Kumar & M. Chakraborty

Human centric design of resilient foundation systems 3483

J. Kupec, D.P. Mahoney & R. Parish

Controlling high hazard slope stability working environments by using digital tools 3490

J. Kupec, C.R. Gibbons, S. Yorke, O. Hoel & M.A. Bradley

The effect of deep ground structures on seismic ground motions on the stiff soil

layer in the Kanto Region, Japan 3498

T. Kurita, Q. Dong & K. Yoshimi

SSI system damping including radiation damping and plastic energy dissipation for

shallow foundations 3506

B.L. Kutter

Seismic behavior of an offshore structure based on geo-centrifuge test 3514

C.W. Kwak, D.I. Jang, Y.J. Kim & I.J. Park

Combining ground motion prediction models for epistemic uncertainty minimization 3521

D.Y. Kwak, E. Seyhan & T. Kishida

Evaluation of relative density effects on liquefiable sands using PM4Sand model 3529

A. Laera, G. Vilhar, S. Brasile & R.B.J. Brinkgreve

Update of the ground motion prediction equations for Italy 3536

G. Lanzano, L. Luzi, F. Pacor, R. Puglia, C. Felicetta, M. D’Amico & S. Sgobba

Cyclic shear characteristics of passive house foundations consisted from XPS board placed

on gravel foundation 3544

S. Lenart & B. Likar

Bearing capacity of rigidly capped pile group in purely cohesive soils using finite element

limit analysis 3552

K. Leng, N. Graine, M. Hjiaj & K. Krabbenhoft

Seismic risk evaluation for refineries: the case of Augusta petrochemical area (Sicily, Italy) 3560

V. Lentini, F. Castelli & C. Lombardo

A laboratory study for the dynamic characterization of sandy soil 3568

V. Lentini, F. Castelli, A. Cavallaro & S. Grasso

Inverted pendulum effect due to deep shear-wave velocity reversal identified using

microtremor H/V 3577

A. Lessi-Cheimariou, I.J. Tromans & P.Y. Bard

Site specific seismic studies for building projects in metropolitan New York City area 3585

K. Li & C. Wetzel

The influence of seismic waves spectrum characteristics and subgrade height to the running

safety of high-speed railway 3593

H. Li, H.R. Zhang & B. Liu

Evaluation of the seismic ground amplification considering the variability of the bedrock

depth and random shear wave velocity profiles 3601

V. Licata, G. Forte, H. Ebrahimian, A. d’Onofrio, F. Jalayer, A. Santo & F. Silvestri

Seismic design of deep pier foundations in very soft clayey soils 3609

V. Licata, R. Conti, R. Di Laora, L. de Sanctis, E. Mittiga & A. Micheli

Effect of trench dimensions on the vertical resistance of pipelines embedded in stiff

soils and rocks 3617

T. Limnaiou, C. Tsifis, G. Bouckovalas & Y. Chaloulos

Liquefaction assessment of highway networks using geospatial models 3625

A. Lin, L. Wotherspoon, D. Blake, B. Bradley & J. Motha

Capturing cyclic mobility and preloading effects in sand using a memory-surface

hardening model 3633

H.Y. Liu, J.A. Abell, A. Diambra & F. Pisano

A state-dependent procedure for the evaluation of post-liquefaction behaviour of sands 3641

D. Lombardi, B. Ismael, S. Mohd & S. Bhattacharya

Numerical study of dynamic structure-soil-tunnel interaction for a case of the

Thessaloniki Metro 3648

D. Lončarević, G. Tsinidis, D. Pitilakis, E. Bilotta & F. Silvestri

The use of micropiles for the seismic reinforcement of a waterfront structure 3656

F. Lopez, A. Guzman & J.M. Fernandez

The Multi-Purpose Bottom Plug (MPBP) as liquefaction risk mitigation at Galataport

Project in Istanbul, Turkey 3664

A. Lucarelli, S. Miranda & C. Asioli

Full scale shaking table tests on a reinforced soil wall with high tenacity polyester geostrips 3673

G. Lugli, S. Sordo, F. Trovato, A. Potì, D. Romeo, L. Martino & P. Rimoldi

Seismic hazard assessment for public infrastructure in Metro Manila 3683

R.A.C. Luna, R.D. Quebral, J.M.B. Gargullo, K.J.R. Leobrera, P.A.Y. Selda, A.K. Alipio,

P.D. Nistal, A.K.C. Ines & M.P. Baniquett

Estimation of liquefaction induced settlement from computed seismic site response 3692

L. Luo, J. Lu, A. Elgamal & M. Fraser

Arias Intensity models for subduction zone earthquakes 3700

J. Macedo, N. Abrahamson & J.D. Bray

A numerical study on tunnel-building interaction in liquefiable soil 3708

L. Maddaluno, C. Stanzione, V. Nappa & E. Bilotta

1g model tests on buildings founded on sand-rubber tire shreds mixture 3716

B.R. Madhusudhan, A. Boominathan & S. Banerjee

Seismic amplification effects in the ancient town of Pompeii 3724

R.M.S. Maiorano, L. de Sanctis, M. Iovino & S. Aversa

An updated source model for seismic hazard calculations in Israel 3732

S.K. Maiti & R. Kamai

Influence of strain distribution and dynamic response in the prediction of

displacements in shallow sloping ground 3740

A.J. Makdisi & S.L. Kramer

Seismic analysis of the soil-steel bridge with various soil cover height 3748

T. Maleska & D. Beben

Effects of lateral disconnections on the seismic response of shallow foundations 3756

V. Mangraviti, O. Casablanca, G. Biondi, C. di Prisco & E. Cascone

NaTech accidents management: UAV based remote sensing 3764

A. Marino, L. Barbieri Vita, O. Palermo & M. Ciucci

Field testing to evaluate the pore pressure response of liquefiable soil treated with

earthquake drains 3772

A. Marinucci, E.M. Rathje & K.H. Stokoe

Earthquake-induced landslide scenarios obtained through the PARSIFAL approach in the

municipality of Accumoli (Italy) 3780

S. Martino, S. Battaglia, F. D’Alessandro, M. Della Seta, C. Esposito, G. Martini, F. Pallone,

D. Piacentini & F. Troiani

Some aspects of the dynamic performance of two classes of earth dams 3788

L. Masini, S. Rampello & R. Donatelli

Numerical study about liquefaction of body of embankment considering unsaturated

conditions 3796

T. Matsumaru & T. Sato

Seismic performance of a typical reinforced slope located in the western part of Mexico City 3805

J.M. Mayoral & D. De La Rosa

Seismic performance evaluation of tunnel linings in stiff soils 3813

J.M. Mayoral, M. Alcaraz & D. De La Rosa

Seismic performance evaluation of a bridge crossed by a normal fault 3821

J.M. Mayoral, M.P. Romo & H. Lasses

Plane strain modeling of basin-edge effects: Exploratory study in Wellington,

New Zealand 3829

C. McGann, C. de la Torre, B. Bradley & L. Wotherspoon

3D geological model reconstruction for liquefaction hazard assessment in the Po Plain 3837

C. Meisina, R. Bonì, M. Bordoni, C.G. Lai, A. Famà, F. Bozzoni, R.M. Cosentini,

D. Castaldini, D. Fontana, S. Lugli, A. Ghinoi, L. Martelli & P. Severi

Influence of parametric nonlinear soil models on site response predictions 3845

R. Meite & L. Wotherspoon

A liquefaction surface to describe liquefaction phenomena in unsaturated sandy soils 3853

L. Mele, S. Lirer & A. Flora

The specific deviatoric energy to liquefaction in saturated cyclic triaxial tests 3861

L. Mele, S. Lirer & A. Flora

Cyclic response of artificially cemented soils 3869

J.A. Mendoza, D. Lombardi, S.M. Ahmad & B. Ismael

Seismic ground motions for evaluation of liquefaction triggering 3876

J.F. Meneses & K.E. Chang

Developing a scenario earthquake and associated seismic hazards for the San Diego

(USA) -Tijuana (Mexico) Region 3884

J.F. Meneses, J.R. Gingery, D. Murbach & L. Mendoza

Site response analysis in effective stress of a coastal area in the North-Western Adriatic

region (Italy) 3893

A. Merli, F. Dezi, G. Tropeano, A. Chiaradonna & A. d’Onofrio

Identification of surface waves generated in a sedimentary basin in Japan 3901

K.C. Meza-Fajardo, H. Aochi & A.S. Papageorgiou

Vulnerability assessment for masonry buildings based on observed damage from the 2016

Amatrice Earthquake 3908

A. Miano, F. Jalayer, G. Forte & A. Santo

A displacement-control design for structures and earthworks in a high-seismic site 3916

A. Micheli, C. Catinari, F. De Maio, E. Mittiga & G. Ricci

Assessment of liquefaction potential index of Benghazi sabkha deposits 3924

A. Miftah & H. Bilsel

Experimental evaluation of shear wave velocity change induced by repeated liquefaction of

Sofia sand by undrained cyclic triaxial tests 3932

N.Y. Milev & J. Koseki

Simplified equivalent soil profiles based on liquefaction performance for shallow-founded

structures 3942

M. Millen, C. Ferreira, A. Gerace & A. Viana da Fonseca

Effects of ageing on the Screw Driving Sounding (SDS) penetration resistance in sand 3950

S.Y. Mirjafari. M.R.P. Orense & N. Suemasa

Sensitivity of seismic site response to fluctuations in water levels 3958

M. Mirshekari, M. Ghayoomi & J. Kaklamanos

Pile—soil kinematic interaction considering soil nonlinearity and group effects 3966

P. Misirlis, M. Anthi, N. Gerolymos & G. Gazetas

Influence of subsurface liquefaction on the dynamics of a simply supported bridge 3973

P. Mohanty, S. Bhattacharya & T. Wang

Liquefaction susceptibility of soil using Multi Objective Feature Selection 3981

R. Mohanty, M. Mahamaya, S.K. Das & M. Mohanty

Effectiveness of a vertical micro-pile system for mitigating lateral spreading damage on pile

groups: 1g shake table tests 3989

S.M. Haeri, A. Kavand, J. Raisianzadeh & S. Afzalsoltani

Study on reinforcement method of levees of pond using steel sheet piles 3997

T. Momiyama, S. Taenaka, T. Hara & S. Kuroda

Review of the liquefaction cases triggered by the 2009 L’Aquila (Italy) earthquake 4006

P. Monaco & S. Amoroso

Deepwater soft soil seismic site response: a challenge for earthquake engineers 4014

D.A. Morandi, L. Zuccarino, D. Tonoli & H. Pourshayegan

Rome’s Line C underground – Dynamic monitoring of the Basilica di Massenzio 4022

S. Moretti, G. Pezzetti, E. Romani & I. Mammone

A numerical study on the seismic behaviour of cantilever embedded retaining walls in

saturated sand 4030

M. Morigi, R. Conti, G.M.B. Viggiani & C. Tamagnini

Seismic analysis of an earth dam in a tropical geologic context 4038

L. Mouali, E. Antoinet, D. Dias, G. Veylon, J. Duriez & L. Peyras

Mechanistic development of CPT-based cyclic strength relationships for Ottawa Sand 4046

D.M. Moug, A.B. Price, K.M. Darby, A.M. Parra Bastidas, R.W. Boulanger &

J.T. DeJong

Seismic strength capacity of gravelly backfill reinforced with geocells in retaining walls

evaluated by shaking table tests 4054

H. Munoz & T. Kiyota

Quantification of the field of shear strains in saturated sand subjected to undrained

monotonic and cyclic torsional shearing via 3D digital image correlation 4063

H. Munoz, M. Umar & T. Kiyota

Subsurface structure identification based on H/V ratio and Surface to Borehole ratio 4072

F. Nagashima & H. Kawase

Nonlinear horizontal resistance of pile groups with soil properties that differ from

surrounding soil 4079

T. Nakano & Y. Miyamoto

FEM liquefaction analysis of Red river dyke subjected to earthquake loading 4087

N. Hong Nam

Statistical uncertainty on assessment of spatial liquefaction resistance 4095

T. Namikawa

Seismic analysis and design of embedded cantilever retaining wall considering non-linear

earth pressure distribution effect 4103

R. Nandi & D. Choudhury

Radar interferometry: a new tool for earthquake geotechnical engineering? 4111

G. Nico, F. Soccodato & O. Masci

Simulation analysis of static loading test for steel pipe pile strengthened by the new

composite geo-material 4118

M. Nishida, Y. Miyamoto, A. Shimamura & T. Kobayashi

Experimental study on displacement suppression of a railway viaduct utilizing reinforcing

construction method with additional friction-adjoined piles 4126

S. Nomoto, H. Ikemoto, K. Abe & H. Takasaki

Simulation of strong ground motions based on pseudo point-source model – Application to

crustal earthquakes 4135

A. Nozu

Effective stress analysis of Christchurch strong motion station sites 4144

N. Ntritsos, M. Cubrinovski & B. Bradley

Numerical simulation of dense sand behavior under multi-directional seismic loading using a

new 3-D constitutive model 4154

O.A. Numanoglu, Y.M.A. Hashash, S.M. Olson, A. Cerna-Diaz, L. Bhaumik, C.J. Rutherford

& T. Weaver

Numerical simulation of centrifuge seismic tests on tunnel in sandy soil 4162

M. Ochmański, M. Delli Carpini, E. Salvatore, G. Modoni & E. Bilotta

Dynamic properties of sands with a synthetic nanomaterial 4171

F.A. Ochoa-Cornejo

Scrutiny of CPT-based liquefaction assessment procedures using case histories from the 2016

Kaikoura earthquake, New Zealand 4179

M.L. Ogden & L. Wotherspoon

Fundamental study on liquefaction strength of volcanic ash soil during the 2016 Kumamoto

earthquake 4187

K. Ogo, H. Hazarika, M.M.P. Phyo, T. Kokusho, S. Ishibashi, S. Yamamoto & D. Matsumoto

Analysis for wide-area land subsidence of Kashiwazaki Plain due to the 2007 Niigata-ken

Chuetsu-Oki earthquake 4195

S. Ohtsuka, K. Isobe & Y. Fukumoto

Evaluation of ground surface subsidence caused by interaction between underground

structures and liquefied ground 4202

Y. Ohya & E. Kohama

Rockfall activity rates following the Canterbury New Zealand Earthquake Sequence 4210

M.J. Olsen, A. Senogles, B. Leshchinsky, C. Massey, G. Archibald & J. Wartman

Centrifuge modeling on lateral force-displacement behavior of buried pipes in liquefied sand 4218

K. Ono & M. Okamura

Experimental evaluation of dynamic response of helical piles in dry sand using 1g shaking

table tests 4226

M. Jahed Orang, R. Motamed & J. Toth

Dynamic behavior of a foundation system based on piles with anomalies 4235

L. Osorio, M.C. Madrigal, C. Rosales & E. Botero

Dynamic behavior of single-anchored retaining structures under three different ground

motions. A comparison between numerical analyses and simplified approaches 4243

A. Oss, F. Tabarelli & L. Simeoni

On the comparison of 3D, 2D, and 1D numerical approaches to predict seismic site

amplification: the case of Norcia basin during the M6.5 2016 October 30 earthquake 4251

A.G. Özcebe, C. Smerzini, R. Paolucci, H. Pourshayegan, R. Rodríguez Plata, C.G. Lai,

E. Zuccolo, F. Bozzoni & M. Villani

2D FEM analyses for the evaluation of seismic performance of single pile and pile

group-supported structure in liquefiable soil 4259

P.S. Ozturk Kardogan, S. Stacul, F. Pagnini, N. Squeglia & S. Bhattacharya

A macroelement for dynamic soil-structure interaction analysis of pile-group foundations 4267

J. Pérez-Herreros, F. Cuira, P. Kotronis & S. Escoffier

Site amplifications in the epicentral area of the 2016, M 6, Amatrice earthquake (Italy) 4275

F. Pacor, C. Felicetta, G. Di Giulio, G. Lanzano, L. Luzi, G. Milana, G. Cultrera, F. Cara,

D. Famiani, S. Hailemikael, I. Gaudiosi, M. Moscatelli, D. Spallarossa, R. De Franco,

M.R. Gallipoli & F. Pergalani

Stratigraphic amplification factors based on parametric 1D site response analyses and

KiK-net downhole recordings: evaluation and comparison with code provisions 4283

A. Pagliaroli, V. Papa & I. Pisotta

A rheological power relation characterizing the cyclic degradation of plastic fine-grained

soils 4292

F. Palmieri, M. Taiebat & A. Lizcano

Optical high speed measurements of dynamic soil compaction 4301

H. Pankrath, R. Thiele, I. Herle & P.A. von Wolffersdorff

Prediction of liquefaction damage with artificial neural networks 4309

L. Paolella, E. Salvatore, R.L. Spacagna, G. Modoni & M. Ochmański

Site classification and site effects in the seismic norms: work in progress for the revision of

Eurocode 8 4317

R. Paolucci

Mitigation of liquefaction-induced pipeline uplift using passive stabilization 4327

A. Papadimitriou, T. Limnaiou & M. Kympouri

Towards the semi-quantitative classification of liquefaction susceptibility of the

geological units 4335

G. Papathanassiou, S. Valkaniotis, O. Koukousioura & C. Papazachos

Undrained behavior of laponite-treated specimens 4343

G.S. Pardo & R.P. Orense

Dynamic characterization of coal ash lagoons using Multichannel Analysis of Surface

Waves (MASW) technique 4351

P.S. Parhi, S.M. Sravanam & U. Balunaini

Liquefaction resistance of Pohang Sand 4359

S.S. Park, Z.Z. Nong & S.W. Woo

Generation of random shear wave velocity profiles using harmonic wavelet transform 4366

H.C. Park

Development of fragility curves for underground box tunnels from nonlinear frame analysis 4371

D. Park, T.H. Lee, D.D. Nguyen & J.K. Ahn

Evaluating liquefaction resistance of recycled geomaterials using energy-based method and

stress-based method 4379

S.M.K. Pasha, H. Hazarika & N. Yoshimoto

Geostatistical models for the assessment of the influence of shear wave velocity uncertainty

and variability on ground response analyses 4387

F. Passeri, S. Foti & A. Rodriguez-Marek

Development of geosynthetic interface strength in landfill capping under seismic conditions 4396

P. Pavanello & P. Carrubba

Numerical analysis of a geo-tube subjected to seismic soil liquefaction 4404

P. Pavanello, E. Verza, P. Carrubba & L. Frigo

Preliminary revision of the seismic zonation from the current Romanian seismic

design code 4412

F. Pavel, R. Vacareanu & K. Pitilakis

Comparisons of shear wave velocity measurements using SDMT and other in situ

techniques at well-documented test sites 4420

T. Pein, P. Monaco, S. Amoroso & D. Marchetti

Seismic response of earth dams in narrow canyons 4429

L. Pelecanos, S. Kontoe & L. Zdravković

Assessment of the microstructure effects on the site dynamic response of residual soils 4437

N.C. Pete Vargas, J.A. Pineda Jaimes & J.E. Colmenares

Soil-foundation compliance effect on seismic vulnerability assessment of RC structures 4447

C. Petridis & D. Pitilakis

Liquefaction mitigation technique by using horizontal slab and grid-form deep mixing walls 4455

M.M.P. Phyo, H. Hazarika, H. Kaneko & T. Akagawa

Does the 1D assumption hold for real sites? An analysis of KiK-net site responses and

implication for ground motion modelling 4464

M. Pilz, S.R. Kotha & F. Cotton

Dynamic liquefaction analysis of a tailings dam in Peru 4472

P.J. Pinedo, J.R.C. Huertas & C. Romanel

Dynamic behavior of a tall building with basements considering soil-structure interaction 4480

F.J. Pinto & C.A. Ledezma

A simplified approach to account for directionality effects on 2D dynamic soil-structure

interaction analysis 4490

L.A. Pinzón, L.G. Pujades, R.E. Alva & M.A. Mánica

Effects of the underground urban development on the seismic response of a historical

centre in Italy 4498

A. Piro, F. de Silva, G. Martinelli, M. Meccariello, F. Parisi, F. Silvestri & A. Scotto di

Santolo

Soil-geogrid interface behaviour under cyclic pullout conditions 4507

M. Pisano, G. Cardile & N. Moraci

Towards the revision of EC8: Proposal for an alternative site classification scheme and

associated design response spectra, considering complex subsurface geometry 4515

K. Pitilakis, E. Riga, A. Anastasiadis & K. Makra

Huge reinforced slope subjected to a strong earthquake during construction phase 4523

F. Poggi & L.E. Russo

Surface ground motion measurements to assess complexity in site response 4532

M. Pontrelli & L.G. Baise

An insight into the prediction of limiting fines content for mixtures of sand with non-plastic

fines based on monotonic and cyclic tests 4540

D.D. Porcino, G. Tomasello & T. Wichtmann

A maturity scale for earthquake insurance development based on the California experience 4548

A. Pothon, P. Gueguen, S. Buisine & P.Y. Bard

Earthquake induced lateral earth pressures on basement walls with different depths 4556

W.A. Prakoso, L. Muhaimin & R. Berangket

Methodology for the development of input motions for nonlinear deformation analyses 4564

R. Pretell, K. Ziotopoulou & N. Abrahamson

Soil structure interaction effects for strip foundations and layered soil 4572

J.P. Pruiksma & F. Besseling

Integrated geophysical methods for the seismic site characterization of Arquata del

Tronto (AP) 4580

L.M. Puzzilli, F. Ferri, V. Eulilli, S. Calcaterra, P. Gambino, B. Porfidia, M. Roma,

S. Bellaveglia, R.M. Bistocchi & M. Gattoni

Improved analyses of earthquake-induced liquefaction and settlement 4588

R. Pyke

Shortcomings of simplified analyses of earthquake-induced liquefaction and settlement 4596

R. Pyke & J. North

Experimental study on fatigue life of limestone in karst tunnel 4604

C.S. Qiao

Bridge-ground seismic response and liquefaction-induced deformations 4612

Z. Qiu, A. Ebeido, A. Almutairi, J. Lu, A. Elgamal & G. Martin

Seismic response of basal geogrid reinforced embankments supported over

floating and end bearing piles 4620

M. Radhika, M. Patel, B.R. Jayalekshmi & R. Shivashankar

Seismic response of batter piles in liquefiable soils 4629

J.S. Rajeswari & Rajib Sarkar

Response of single batter pile under vertical vibrations 4637

R. Ralli, B. Manna & M. Datta

Numerical simulation of nonlinear structures on liquefiable soils with ground improvement 4645

J. Ramirez, M. Petracca, S. Dashti, A. Liel & G. Camata

Cyclic simple shear and triaxial tests on Lisbon Region liquefiable sands 4654

C. Ramos, A. Viana da Fonseca, A. Oblak & M.R. Coop

The use of the Hollow Cylinder Apparatus in the study of liquefiable soils 4662

R.C. Ramos, P.A.L.F. Coelho & L.M. Araújo Santos

Evaluating soil liquefaction potential using Nakamura methodology in an

experimental site 4670

A. Ramos, A. Viana da Fonseca & R. Carrilho Gomes

2D numerical modelling of seismic site effects in San Severino Marche 4678

S. Renzi, J. Facciorusso, C. Madiai & E. Gargini

Seismic microzonation of the Medellin area using a probabilistic approach 4686

J.C. Reyes, L.E. Yamin, R. Rueda, E. Prada, R. Rincon, C. Herrera, J. Daza & A.C. Riano

Liquefaction hazard evaluation under bidirectional seismic shearing: Optimal ground

motion intensity measures 4694

A. Reyes, J. Adinata & M. Taiebat

Liquefaction evaluation of gravelly reclamation fill at CentrePort, Wellington 4703

A. Rhodes, C. Keepa, M. Cubrinovski & T. Krall

Comparison among different approaches of estimating pore pressure development in

liquefiable deposits 4711

S. Rios, M. Millen, J. Quintero & A. Viana da Fonseca

Evaluation of liquefaction triggering potential using the case-based reasoning method with

CPT field data 4720

J.N. Roberts & H.K. Engin

Cyclic simple shear testing for assessing liquefaction mitigation by fibre reinforcement 4728

S. Robinson, A.J. Brennan, J.A. Knappett, K. Wang & A.G. Bengough

A comparative study on time domain 1D/2D seismic ground response analysis of Norcia

basin during the M6.5 2016 October 30 earthquake 4736

R. Rodríguez Plata, C. Smerzini, A.G. Özcebe, C.G. Lai, E. Zuccolo & F. Bozzoni

Evaluation of dynamic cone penetration test for liquefaction assessment of gravels from case

histories in Italy 4744

K.M. Rollins & S. Amoroso

Monitoring over time and after seismic events of the stabilization works of Massa

Martana’s cliff 4752

L.E. Russo, G. Federici, C. Comastri & L.D. Venanti

New Chilean seismic code and the use of Nakamura period for assessing damage potential. 4760

F. Ruz & W.D. Liam Finn

Cyclic liquefaction behavior of Boler sand under bidirectional shear loading 4768

A. Sadrekarimi & K. Mirbaha

Effect of overburden pressure on cyclic resistance of Fraser River sand 4776

A. Sadrekarimi & S. Jones

Effectiveness of sheet pile as a seismic retrofit for piled abutment subjected to

liquefaction-induced lateral spreading 4784

P. Saha, K. Horikoshi & A. Takahashi

Estimation of ground amplification factors in a mountain district using earthquake

observations and three-dimensional FEM analyses 4792

H. Sakai, Y. Fujinami, M. Yoshimi & K. Sato

Widening of existing bridges on pile groups exploiting nonlinear Soil-Structure Interaction 4800

L. Sakellariadis, M. Henschel, A. Marin & I. Anastasopoulos

Numerical modelling of underground tunnel in rock under seismic loading with polygonal

finite elements 4808

T. Saksala

Liquefaction – causes and effects 4815

F.M. Salgado

Low pressure grouting with nanosilicate to reduce the liquefaction susceptibility of sand 4823

E. Salvatore, M.C. Mascolo, R. Proia, G. Modoni & D. Grassi

Time domain numerical modelling of offshore wind turbines seismic response 4831

D. Soler Sandoval, C. Smerzini, S. Corciulo & O. Zanoli

Earthquake-resistant design of stabilization systems for natural pyroclastic slopes in a

seismically active region 4839

J.C.E.L. Santos, J.M.B. Gargullo, P.A.Y. Selda, A.K. Alipio & A.A. Gonzales

Evidence of two peaks response spectra (2PRS) due to separated effects of soil and source in

recent subduction earthquakes 4848

G.R. Saragoni & M.F. Gallegos

Pseudostatic slope stability analysis in two-layered soil by using variational method 4857

S. Sarkar & M. Chakraborty

A multidisciplinary approach for the seismic characterization of the Cassino plain

(central Italy) 4865

M. Saroli, M. Albano, G. Milana, M. Moro, G. Modoni, R.L. Spacagna, P. Croce,

S. Stramondo & C. Tolomei

Strength-deformation characteristics of short fiber mixed soil for mitigation of liquefaction

hazards 4873

K. Sato, T. Fujikawa, C. Koga & T. Newson

An experimental study of cyclic mobility and shear strain history depended on liquefaction

of dense sandy ground using a shaking table 4882

K. Sato, I. Kato, M. Soejima, T. Kawai & M. Kazama

Kaikoura earthquake 2016: an outline of the geotechnical effort to reopen the coastal

highway and railway corridor 4890

G. Saul & C. Anderson

A statistical method to predict the shape of an embankment collapse during the earthquake 4898

R. Sawada

Model uncertainty of SPT based methods for reliability analysis of soil liquefaction 4906

G. Sebaaly & M.E. Rahhal

Physical and numerical modeling of the soil inelastic response in a translucent laminar box 4914

H. Segaline & E. Sáez

Nonlinear seismic site response analysis of soft clay deposits using SANICLAY-B

constitutive model 4923

G. Seidalinov & M. Taiebat

Modeling of the subsurface structure from the seismic bedrock to the ground surface for a

broadband strong motion evaluation in Japan 4931

S. Senna, A. Wakai, H. Fujiwara, K. Jin, A. Yatagai, H. Suzuki, Y. Inagaki & H. Matsuyama

Performance based design of the permanent tied-back quay walls of the Aqaba

New Port – Phase 2 4939

G. Severi, G. Colleselli & F. Lopez

REXELweb: a tool for selection of ground-motion records from the Engineering Strong

Motion database (ESM) 4947

S. Sgobba, R. Puglia, F. Pacor, L. Luzi, E. Russo, C. Felicetta, G. Lanzano, M. D’Amico,

R. Baraschino, G. Baltzopoulos & I. Iervolino

Cyclic pore pressure build-up in sand-clay mixtures under various loading paths 4954

A. Shafiee, H.R. Tavakoli & M.K. Jafari

Resonant column test study of the effect of clay minerals on maximum dynamic shear

modulus in Marine Clay 4962

Y. Shan, J. Chen, X. Ke & H. Mo

Selection of strain compatible properties for soil structure interaction analysis 4970

M. Sharifi-Mood & E.M. Rathje

Damage mechanism of reinforced concrete piles with axial load variation based on

E-Defense shaking table tests 4978

K. Shibata, H. Funahara, T. Nagao, Y. Kawamata & S. Tamura

Numerical study on seismic behavior of a piled raft foundation with grid-form DMWs

considering post-peak softening of stabilized soil 4986

Y. Shigeno, K. Yamashita & J. Hamada

Liquefaction demand parameters best correlated to damage on buried pipeline

networks: the case study of Christchurch 4995

S. Shinde, F. Bozzoni, C.G. Lai & M. Cubrinovski

Historical reinterpretation of damaging intensity events and site effects in Eastern Turkey 5003

S. Shirazian, J.E. Daniell & F. Wenzel

On the calibration of a simplified method for rocking structures 5011

M. Sieber, S. Klar, M. Vassiliou & I. Anastasopoulos

Seismic swarms in South Limburg (The Netherlands): tectonic or induced as coal mining

lagging effect? 5019

C. Sigarán-Loría & S. Slob

Site seismic response in near-fault conditions: role of vertical input motion 5027

A.L. Simonelli, A. Penna, D. Aliperti, M.I. Fredella & G. Sorrentino

Parametric study of liquefaction induced downdrag on axially loaded piles 5035

S.K. Sinha, K. Ziotopoulou & B.L. Kutter

Effects of progressive strength degradation on seismic-induced displacements of rock slopes 5043

F.M. Soccodato & G. Tropeano

Geotechnical characterization of collapsible soils cemented by salts - a case study 5051

G. Sotelo, S. Orellana, J. Macedo, H. Jaffal, G. Espinoza, Z. Xu, K.H. Stokoe & C. El Mohtar

Initial observations on the direct simple shear loading response of sand-silt mixtures

with layers 5061

A. Soysa & D. Wijewickreme

Repeated cyclic shear loading response of reconstituted Fraser River silt 5070

A. Soysa & D. Wijewickreme

The 2016 October 30th earthquake effects on cultural Heritage in Rome: the Necropoli

Ostiense case study 5078

D. Spizzichino, G. Leoni, L.M. Puzzilli, L. Guerrieri, M. Marcelli & C. Carta

Seismic analysis of earth, rockfill and concrete gravity dams 5086

M.S. Spyridis, S. Lopez-Querol & P.J. Martin-Moreta

Simulation on liquefaction of unsaturated compacted soils – effect of compaction degree – 5095

C. Srinil, M. Kikumoto & V. Komolvilas

Effect of non-linear soil response and pile post-cracking behavior on seismically induced

bending moments in fixed-head long piles 5104

S. Stacul, A. Franceschi & N. Squeglia

Cyclic behavior of undisturbed samples from pumice-rich soils 5112

M.E. Stringer, M.B. Asadi, R.P. Orense, M.S. Asadi & M.J. Pender

Seismic microzonation of Bursa/Guzelyalı in Turkey: a study on the compatibility of 1D

dynamic analysis and microtremor measurements 5120

O. Subaşı, B. Özaslan, M.E. Haşal & R. İyisan

Numerical study on mitigation of liquefaction induced uplift of underground structure 5128

P.B. Sudevan, A. Boominathan & S. Banerjee

The development of shear strain in undrained multi-directional simple shear tests 5136

M. Sun & G. Biscontin

Applicability of the accumulative dissipation energy method for assessment of soil

liquefaction 5143

A. Suzuki, J. Izawa, A. Toyooka & K. Kojima

Effects of lateral loading on shaft friction of piles based on centrifuge model tests 5151

H. Suzuki & T. Okumura

Dynamic behavior of irrigation dams under water storage condition by centrifuge model

tests and their numerical simulations 5157

S.S. Suzuki, Y. Koyama, K. Kobayashi & H. Ishikawa

Site-effect analysis of four Japanese KiK-net stations using surface-to-borehole-spectralratios

(SBSRs) 5167

E. Türker, U. Yalcin, E. Tümer, B. Kilic, A.N. Alev & M.A. Sandikkaya

Shaking table experimental study for liquefaction countermeasures on adjusting unsaturated

ground by changing ground water level 5174

S. Takisawa, A. Sasaki, R. Sawada & M. Kondou

Centrifuge study on the effect of fines content on the lateral flow of an inclined ground 5183

S. Tamaizumi, K. Ueda & R. Uzuoka

Dynamic analysis of pile-soil-structure interaction behavior of transmission towers 5191

Y. Tamari, Y. Nakagama, Y. Otsuka & H. Nakamura

Lateral resistance of piles in a group under E-Defense shaking-table tests 5200

S. Tamura, Y. Ohno, K. Shibata, H. Funahara, T. Nagao & Y. Kawamata

Study on early recognition of geohazards based on dynamic amplification and deformation

characteristics 5208

Y. Tang, A.L. Che, R.J. Zhu & X.H. Shuai

Research on reasonable anti-fault fortification length and effect of different deformation

joint spacing for Urumqi metro line 2 tunnel through reverse fault fracture zone 5217

L.J. Tao, S. An & J. Bian

Cybershake NZ v18.5: New Zealand simulation-based probabilistic seismic hazard analysis 5224

K. Tarbali, B. Bradley, J. Huang, R. Lee, D. Lagrava, S. Bae, V. Polak, J. Motha & M. Zhu

Numerical study of the deformation suppression effect of sheet pile quay wall improved by

artificial drain material during large-scale earthquake 5232

S. Tashiro & S. Iai

3D and 2D simulations of liquefaction-induced settlements of shallow foundations using

Ta-Ger model 5241

P. Tasiopoulou, Y. Chaloulos, N. Gerolymos, A. Giannakou & J. Chacko

Zagreb Container Pier Terminal Project in Rijeka – Croatia: earthquake engineering and

geotechnical aspects 5249

T. Tassi, D. Zannoner, E.B. Janetti, N. Popović, A. Ivanović, E. Faccioli, A. Callerio,

P. Riva & A. Belleri

Behavior of a Gulf of Mexico clay under variable-strain cyclic loads 5257

V. Taukoor, S.M. Olson & C.J. Rutherford

Designers’ requirements of surface rupture parameters determination accuracy at trunk

pipelines/active fault crossings 5265

M.Y. Temis & A.L. Strom

Subsidence map for Kumamoto City liquefied in the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake, Japan 5274

R. Teramoto, T. Kiyota, M. Shiga & T. Watanabe

Centrifuge study of the seismic response of embankments on liquefiable soils improved with

dense granular columns 5282

J.C. Tiznado, S. Dashti, B.P. Wham & C. Ledezma

Factors affecting liquefaction-induced settlements with sand boiling 5290

T. Tobita

A simplified procedure to estimate liquefaction-induced settlements of buildings 5297

K. Tokimatsu

Influence of dominant site period effects on damages at colonial church 5305

R. Torres, J. Campo, J. De Paz, F. Ecuté & J. Girón

Numerical analysis of both local geology and seismic directivity effects on ground motion

prediction 5315

S. Touhami, F. Gatti & F. Lopez-Caballero

Assessment of seismic behavior of pile group on sloping ground by centrifuge tests 5323

N.X. Tran, B.S. Yoo, S.R. Kim & B.N. Nguyen

Simplified interpretations of dynamic centrifuge tests on cantilever flexible retaining walls in

saturated sands 5329

M. Tricarico & S. Aversa

Dynamic certification of landslide protection structures in a seismically hazardous region of

Ukraine: experimental and analytical research 5337

O. Trofymchuk, O. Lebid, O. Klymenkov, Y. Berchun, V. Berchun, I. Kaliukh, M. Marjenkov,

S. Shekhunova & R. Havrilyuk

Site response analysis to evaluate vertical-to-horizontal spectrum ratio 5345

C.C. Tsai & P.C. Liu

Deep braced basement wall under seismic loading: numerical analysis vs centrifuge

experiment 5353

L. Tsantilas, E. Garini & G. Gazetas

Ground motion amplification in the Zevulun Valley (Haifa Bay, Israel): measurements and

modeling 5361

M. Tsesarsky, A. Goldberg S. Shani-Kadmiel, O. Volk & Z. Gvirtzman

Liquefaction susceptibility of volcanic soil/rubber mixtures 5369

A. Tsinaris, A. Anastasiadis, D. Pitilakis & K. Pitilakis

Effects of ageing and stress history on liquefaction resistance of soils 5377

Y. Tsukamoto, Y. Nebuya & S. Noda

Uncertainty quantification of the seismic behavior of liquefiable sloping ground 5385

K. Ueda, R. Uzuoka & T. Wada

Centrifuge model tests on improved soils using Ca(OH)2 and SiO2 grout 5393

K. Uemura, R. Takatoku, K. Itoh, N. Suemasa, N. Kikkawa, N. Hiraoka & T. Sasaki

Impact of cyclic damage shear strain on the strain localization of sand in large strain

torsional shear test 5402

M. Umar, T. Kiyota, G. Chiaro & A. Duttine

Cyclic shear deformation behavior of unsaturated soil with varying pore air and water state 5410

T. Unno, Y. Midorikawa & A.Y. Zakaria

Selecting factor of safety against liquefaction for design based on cost considerations 5419

S. Upadhyaya, R.A. Green, A. Rodriguez-Marek & B.W. Maurer

Seismic retrofitting optimization of underground parking garage using an efficient

nonlinear-analysis based design strategy 5427

P.A. Vásconez, H.J. Bruins Rick & M.M. Scheen

Application of SfM technique for measuring near-field earthquake-induced failures; case

studies from Greece 5435

S. Valkaniotis, G. Papathanassiou & A. Ganas

An investigation into the seismic stability of walls with and without base isolation built by

the Inkas 5442

L.E. Vallejo

A FEM study of the fluid injection-induced earthquakes caused by the seepage-induced

propagation and interaction of fissures 5450

L.E. Vallejo & X. Qin

Pile group lateral efficiency under static, impact and seismic conditions in clays 5457

A.I. Valsamis & K.N. Sioutas

Effect of pile shape on effectiveness of ground improvement by compaction piling 5465

A. Valverde, J.A. Howie, D. Wijewickreme, A. Sy & T. Thavaraj

Code-to-code variability in non-linear ground response, comparison with advanced soil

models 5473

T.I. van der Linden & C. Sigarán-Loría

Multi-reference-depth site response at the Garner Valley downhole array 5481

J.P. Vantassel & B.R. Cox

Sensitivity of lateral spreading to Dr and PGA in centrifuge tests at DPRI for LEAP 5489

R.R. Vargas, T. Tobita & K. Ueda

Model studies on the influence of gradation of sand in free field liquefaction 5498

R.M. Varghese & G.M. Latha

Modelling of seismic urban wavefield in highly heterogeneous Site-City configurations 5506

C. Varone, L. Lenti, S. Martino, F. Bozzano & J.F. Semblat

Non-ergodic site response model based on local recordings for Menta Dam site 5513

A. Vecchietti, J.P. Stewart, M. Cecconi, V. Pane & G. Russo

Dynamic soil-structure interaction of piles in soft soils 5522

X.F. Vera-Grunauer, M.A. Chavez-Abril, J. Ordoñez-Rendon, O. Gonzalez-Carrion &

S. Lopez-Zhindon

Numerical analysis of three dimensional basin effects in the Kutch basin, India 5531

R. Vijaya, A. Boominathan, P. Mandal & I. Mazzieri

Liquefaction analysis of metro underground tunnels 5539

M.N. Viladkar, M. Singh & N.K. Samadhiya

Seismic response of a soft soil deposit using non-linear and simplified models 5547

M.A. Villalobos & C. Romanel

A probabilistic site response analysis for Wylfa Newydd, a new nuclear power plant in

the UK 5555

M. Villani, J. Go, A. Koskosidi, S. Iacoletti, J. Lee, B. Polidoro, Z. Lubkowski,

M. Walsh & T. Courtney

Compaction grouting solved a liquefaction potential problem in Oman 5563

B. Vingiani & S. Miranda

Effects of source energy and receivers arrangement in surface wave methods 5573

S. Virendra & D.K. Baidya

Numerical investigation on seismic response of moment resisting RC building frames resting

on sand considering soil-pile-structure interaction 5581

J. Visuvasam & S.S. Chandrasekaran

Assessing earthquake site amplification for deep soil sites with uncertain bedrock conditions 5590

C. Volpini & J. Douglas

Α comparative study of liquefaction resistance of a clean sand improved by colloidal silica

and weak cementation 5597

A.D. Vranna & T. Tika

Assessment of pseudostatic methods for the seismic bearing capacity of footings in

code-based design 5605

C. Vrettos & E. Seibel

Subsurface velocity structure models from seismic bedrock to ground surface for Kanto

region and Tokai one, Japan, for broadband strong ground motion prediction 5613

A. Wakai, S. Senna, T. Maeda, H. Fujiwara, K. Jin, A. Yatagai, H. Suzuki, Y. Inagaki &

H. Matsuyama

Stability monitoring of post-earthquake slope failure using multi-point tilt sensors 5621

L. Wang, S. Nishie, M. Fukuhara, T. Uchimura & K. Sasahara

Numerical analysis of inclined pile group performance in liquefiable sands 5630

Y. Wang & R.P. Orense

The mechanism of liquefaction-triggered landslides under the coupling effect of the

Minxian-Zhangxian Ms6.6 earthquake and rainfall in 2013 5638

L.M. Wang, Q. Wang, K. Liu, J.C. Chen & Z.J. Wu

Using OpenQuake for probabilistic hazard and risk assessment of seismically-induced

ground displacements: lessons learned from implementation and considerations for

application 5647

G.A. Weatherill, C. Yilmaz & V. Silva

Effects of particle shape on the liquefaction resistance of sands 5656

X. Wei, J. Yang, Y.S. Zhuang, Y.G. Zhou & Y.M. Chen

Analytic solution for wave propagations in layered unsaturated soil and its application 5664

L. Wei-hua, F. Feng-cui, Z. Cheng-gang, H. Ye-chen & Z. Jie

Characterization of soil-structure interaction for seismic design of hazard-resistant pipeline

systems with enlarged joints 5673

B.P. Wham, B.A. Berger & C.A. Davis

A case study of soil liquefaction during the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake 5683

P. Xia, Y.G. Zhou, D.S. Ling & Y.M. Chen

A new seismo-engineering ground-motion database for Israel 5689

G. Yagoda-Biran, R. Nof, R. Kamai, Y. Pashcur & S.K. Maiti

Seismic response of tailings storage facility applied liquefaction mitigation 5697

T. Yamada, T. Hikita, T. Ichimura, K. Fujita, M. Umedera & T. Seo

Effect of area replacement ratio of deep mixing wall grid on pile bending moment in piled

raft system under strong earthquakes 5705

K. Yamashita, Y. Shigeno & J. Hamada

Evaluation of secondary effects and seismic intensity of the 2013 Ms7 Lushan earthquake 5713

G. Yanchao, N. Huayong, G. Hua, J. Xiangang, A.M. Blumetti, V. Comerci, P. Di Manna,

L. Guerrieri & E. Vittori

Granular mechanics of the effect of the wall movement on the seismic active earth pressure 5722

C. Yanqui

Granular mechanics of the seismic stability of soil slopes 5730

C. Yanqui

Investigation on mechanism of the grabens that formed in Aso during the 2016 Kumamoto

Earthquake in Japan 5738

S. Yasuda, K. Ishikawa, N. Ohbo, H. Nagase & S. Murakami

Cyclic degradation of volcanic ash cohesive soil strength and stiffness 5746

K. Yasuhara, M. Watanabe, K. Kobayashi, Y. Arai & M. Hyodo

Effects of hyperbolic hardening parameters on seismic response of high rise buildings

considering soil-structure interaction 5754

N. Yeganeh, B. Fatahi & S. Mirlatifi

Comparative scenario-based landslide loss assessment: application to Mainland Portugal 5762

C. Yilmaz, V. Silva & G.A. Weatherill

On the seismic response of mountain topography— Insights from numerical modeling 5770

C. Yin, C.G. Zhao & W.H. Li

Ground response in the September 19th 2017 Mw = 7.1 Central Mexico Earthquake 5777

S. Yniesta

Behavior of sand during secondary liquefaction 5784

N. Yoshida & T. Mikami

Study on the effect of rubble mound on the dynamic behavior of pile-supported wharf using

dynamic centrifuge model tests 5792

J.W. Yun, J.T. Han, S.J. Kim, J.K. Kim & J.K. Ahn

Liquefied gas tank design – Consequences of misleading Soil Structure Interaction 5800

Y. Zaczek & M. Gilbert

Liquefaction potential analysis of Srinagar city, Jammu and Kashmir 5807

F. Zahoor, K.S. Rao, Z.Z. Banday, M.A. Bhat & M.F. Farooq

Using earthquake monitoring and thresholds to focus response for pipeline networks 5815

M.P. Zaleski & G.E. Ferris

Seismic response of suction caisson in large-scale shake table test 5823

M. Zayed, K. Kim & A. Elgamal

Sensitivity analysis of LEAP soil liquefaction tests 5832

M. Zeghal, N. Goswami, M.T. Manzari & B.L. Kutter

Case study: can seismological rupture model be used to simulate ground motions for

engineering seismic input? 5840

L. Zhang, J.T. Wang, C.H. Zhang, Y.J. Xu & X.C. Wang

A simplified seismic design approach for cut and cover underground structure considering

soil – structure interaction 5849

H. Zhang, Y. Qiu & C. Huang

Shaking table test on the asynchronous responses of the shaft- tunnel junction under

transverse excitations 5857

J. Zhang & Y. Yuan

Field measurements of linear and nonlinear shear moduli during large-strain shaking 5865

B. Zhang, K.H. Stokoe & F. Menq

An investigation of the effects of surface topography on the seismic structural demands for a

region of Istanbul 5873

W. Zhang, E. Taciroglu, D. Restrepo, R. Taborda, A. Kurtuluş & A. Ansal

Experimental study on seismic ground motion amplification pattern of soil-structure

interaction system 5881

Z.M. Zhang, E. Bilotta, Y. Yuan, H.L. Zhao & H. Yu

How do tunnels affect the surface infrastructure during an earthquake? 5889

G.L. Zhu, R.L. Sousa, T. Kishida, Y.J. Byon & A. Simoes

Influence of the diaphragm wall on the earthquake responses of the underground station

structure under two different connection types 5897

H. Zhuang, X. Wang, J. Fu, S. Chen & G. Chen

Quality control for next-generation liquefaction case histories 5905

P. Zimmaro, S.J. Brandenberg, Y. Bozorgnia, J.P. Stewart, D.Y. Kwak, K.O. Cetin, G. Can,

M. Ilgac, K.W. Franke, R.E.S. Moss, S.L. Kramer, J. Stamatakos, M. Juckett & T. Weaver

Effect of numerical modeling protocols on the seismic response of a liquefiable slope 5913

K. Ziotopoulou, J. Montgomery, D. Tsiaousi, P. Tasiopoulou, J. Ugalde & T. Travasarou

Evaluation of the seismic behavior of multi-propped shallow underground structures

embedded in granular soils: a comparison between coupled and decoupled approaches 5922

M. Zucca, G. Tropeano, E. Erbì & P. Crespi

## Editor(s)

### Biography

**Francesco Silvestri**. M.Sc. in Civil Engineering (1986), Research Assistant (1990) and Ph.D. in Geotechnical Engineering (1991) at University of Napoli Federico II. Associate Professor at University of Calabria in 1998, Full Professor since 2003, in 2007 back to University of Napoli Federico II. Currently teaching 'Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering' at University of Napoli Federico II and ‘Soil dynamics and non-linear site response analysis' (Master on Geomechanics, Civil Engineering and Risks) at University of Grenoble-Alpes (France).

**Nicola Moraci**. Postgraduate Diploma in Geotechnical Engineering – University of Padova (1988). PhD in Geotechnical Engineering (1992). Full Professor of Geotechnical Engineering at UNIRC since 2012. Dean of Department of Civil, Energy, Environmental and Materials Engineering (DICEAM) of UNIRC since November 2012 to September 2018. Head of Ph.D. School in Geotechnical Engineering at UNIRC from 2004 to 2014.