1st Edition

Ecocultures Blueprints for Sustainable Communities

    312 Pages 35 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    312 Pages 35 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The world faces a ‘perfect storm’ of social and ecological stresses, including climate change, habitat loss, resource degradation and social, economic and cultural change. In order to cope with these, communities are struggling to transition to sustainable ways of living that improve well-being and increase resilience. This book demonstrates how communities in both developed and developing countries are already taking action to maintain or build resilient and sustainable lifestyles. These communities, here designated as ‘Ecocultures’, are exemplars of the art and science of sustainable living. Though they form a diverse group, they organise themselves around several common organising principles including an ethic of care for nature, a respect for community, high ecological knowledge, and a desire to maintain and improve personal and social wellbeing. 

    Case studies from both developed and developing countries including Australia, Brazil, Finland, Greenland, India, Indonesia, South Africa, UK and USA, show how, based on these principles, communities have been able to increase social, ecological and personal wellbeing and resilience. They also address how other more mainstream communities are beginning to transition to more sustainable, resilient alternatives. Some examples also illustrate the decline of ecocultures in the face of economic pressures, globalisation and climate change. Theoretical chapters examine the barriers and bridges to wider application of these examples. Overall, the volume describes how ecocultures can provide the global community with important lessons for a wider transition to sustainability and will show how we can redefine our personal and collective futures around these principles.

    Part 1: Established Ecocultures 

    1. Ecocultures: Towards Sustainable Ways of Living 

    Steffen Böhm, Zareen Pervez Bharucha and Jules Pretty 

    2. Maritime Ecocultures: Bajau Communities of Eastern Indonesia 

    Julian Clifton 

    3. Ice Fishing Cultures of North Karelia, Finland: The Case of Puruvesi Winter Seining 

    Tero Mustonen 

    4. Environmental Knowledge in Motion: Ingenuity and Perseverance of Hunters among North Greenland 

    Naotaka Hayashi 

    5. Resilience and Returning to Country: Rainforest Aboriginal People of the Wet Tropics of Queensland, Australia 

    Leanne Cullen-Unsworth and Marilyn Wallace 

    6. Changing with the Seasons: How Himalayan Communities Cope with Climate Change 

    Chicu Lokgariwar 

    Part 2: Emerging Ecocultures 

    7. "Distant Music of the Future": Lessons from Lynedoch EcoVillage, Stellenbosch, South Africa 

    Eve Annecke 

    8. Social-ecological Resilience at São José Ecovillage, South Brazil 

    Leopoldo Cavaleri Gerhardinger, Gustavo C.M. Martins, Alexandre Paulo Teixeira Moreira, Cristian Curti and Cristiana Simão Seixas 

    9. The Evolution of Eco Detroit 

    Jacob Corvidae 

    10. Promoting Home Energy Retrofitting to Combat Climate Change: The Case of Bristol Green Doors 

    Jane Hindley 

    11. Living Ecocultures of the Great Transition 

    Larch Maxey 

    Part 3: The Future for Ecocultures 

    12. Ecocultures of Transition: New, Traditional and Alternative Ways of Living in the ‘Adjacent Possible’ 

    Steve Quilley 

    13. Ecocultural Assemblages in the Urbanizing Global South 

    Mark Swilling 

    14. Ecocultures: Lesson Learnt and Paths into the Future 

    Steffen Böhm, Zareen Pervez Bharucha and Jules Pretty


    Steffen Böhm is Director of the Essex Sustainability Institute and Professor in Management and Sustainability at the University of Essex, Colchester, UK. 

    Zareen Pervez Bharucha is Senior Research Officer in the Department of Sociology, University of Essex and a member of the Essex Sustainability Institute. 

    Jules Pretty is Professor of Environment and Society and Deputy Vice-Chancellor of the University of Essex.

    "Ecocultures: Blueprints for Sustainable Communities is a much needed antidote to the many illnesses now pervading the planet. The earth is unwell and its temperature is rising. The contributors to Ecocultures give us good medicine and demonstrate that healthy cultures mean healthy people and a healthy earth." – Glenn Albrecht, environmental philosopher, former Professor of Sustainability, Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia. 

    "This book contributes novel perspectives on existing and emerging ecocultures across the world, offering hope and pathways for a more sustainable future."Peggy F. Barlett, Goodrich C. White Professor of Anthropology, Emory University, USA; Co-editor, Sustainability in Higher Education: Stories and Strategies for Transformation and Editor, Urban Place: Reconnecting with the Natural World. 

    "The contexts for the concerns of Ecocultures is the global polycrisis of ecological despoliation and human social inequalities. But this is not a despairing account of inevitable demise. Instead, the authors, drawing on the perspectives, practices and wisdom of traditional and emerging ecocultures across the globe, explore the possibilities of an interlinked Three Rs – Revisioning, Reconnection and Rebraiding – to achieve new ways of human wellbeing lived within and with a new planetary wellbeing. Ecocultures is a magnificent contribution to present debates about, and practices of, environmental ethics."Garry Marvin, Professor of Human-Animal Studies, University of Roehampton, London, UK.