Ecological Risk Assessment  book cover
2nd Edition

Ecological Risk Assessment

ISBN 9781566706346
Published December 6, 2006 by CRC Press
680 Pages - 103 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

The definitive reference in its field, Ecological Risk Assessment, Second Edition details the latest advances in science and practice. In the fourteen years since the publication of the best-selling first edition, ecological risk assessment (ERA) has moved from the margins into the spotlight. It is now commonly applied to the regulation of chemicals, the remediation of contaminated sites, the monitoring of importation of exotic organisms, the management of watersheds, and other environmental management issues.

Delineating the processes for performing an ERA, the book begins by defining the field, then goes on to describe its relationship to other environmental assessment practices and its organizational framework. The book also includes a chapter on ecological epidemiology, which has previously been treated as a type of ERA, but is now recognized as a distinct practice in itself. It explores important concepts in the ERA process including probability, uncertainty, scale, mode of action and multiple causes.

Reflecting changes in the field, the book’s scope has been broadened to include discussions of the application of ERA to agents other than chemical contaminants. The multitude of illustrative figures provides a flavor for the diverse practice of ERA. The author has re-organized the material, presenting a unitary process of ERA that is applicable to various problems, scales, and mandates. He keeps the emphasis squarely on providing clear, scientifically sound, and unbiased technical advice on the risks from chemicals and chemical mixtures.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Ecological Risk Assessment
Defining the Field

Other Types of Assessments

Ecological Risk Assessment Frameworks

Ecological Epidemiology and Causal Analysis

Variability, Uncertainty, and Probability

Dimensions, Scales, and Levels of Organization

Modes and Mechanisms of Action

Mixed and Multiple Agents

Quality Assurance

Planning and Problem Formulation

Impetus and Mandate

Goals and Objectives
Management Options
Agents and Sources
Environmental Description
Exposure Scenarios
Assessment Endpoints
Conceptual Models
Analysis Plans

Analysis of Exposure

Source Identification and Characterization
Sampling, Analysis, and Assays
Mathematical Models of Chemical Transport and Fate
Exposure to Chemicals and Other Agents

Analysis of Effects

Exposure–Response Relationships
Biological Surveys
Organism-Level Extrapolation Models
Population Modeling
Ecosystem Effects Modeling

Risk Characterization

Criteria and Benchmarks
Integrating Exposure and Exposure–Response
Screening Characterization
Definitive Risk Characterization by Weighing the Evidence
Comparative Risk Characterization
Characterizing Variability, Uncertainty, and Incomplete Knowledge

Risk Management

Reporting and Communicating Ecological Risks
Decision Making and Ecological Risks
Integration of Human Health Risk Assessment
Integration of Risk, Law, Ethics, Economics, and Preferences
Monitoring the Results of Risk Management

The Future of Ecological Risk Assessment


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Glenn W. Suter II


Reflecting on the evolution of ERA and changes in the field over the past 25 years, this book is, without question, the definitive reference on the current practice of ERA . . . Throughout the book, Suter has succeeded in maintaining the emphasis squarely on providing clear, scientifically sound, and unbiased technical advice and instruction on ERA.
–Richard Wenning, Editor-in-Chief, IEAM, in IEAM, 2008, Vol. 4, No. 1