Ecology and Applied Environmental Science: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Ecology and Applied Environmental Science

1st Edition

By Kimon Hadjibiros

CRC Press

290 pages | 53 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2013-10-01
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Ecology and Applied Environmental Science addresses the impact of contemporary environmental problems by using the main principles of scientific ecology. It offers a brief yet comprehensive explanation of ecosystems based on energy, populations, and cycles of chemical elements. The book presents a variety of scientific ecological issues and uses these to examine a range of environmental problems while considering potential engineering, scientific, and managerial solutions. It takes an engineering approach and avoids excessive biological detail, while introducing ecology with a systemic approach. The book examines categories of organisms as well as the physical and chemical processes that affect them. It refers to the dynamics of populations and analysis of their major mutual influences, elaborates on the roles of primary production, limiting factors, energy flow, and circulation of chemical substances in the ecosystems, and presents the basic functions of aquatic ecosystems.

The author considers important issues related to environmental degradation of forests, aquatic habitats, coastal zones, other natural landscapes, and urban areas, includes a survey of problems related to waste and toxic and radioactive substances, and presents the greenhouse effect and impacts from climate change. He discusses environmental management prospects and the potential for technological control of pollution from liquid, solid, and gaseous waste. He also highlights existing tools for environmental management, ecological and social aspects of biodiversity and landscape protection, and the contrast between development and environment in combination with ideas about sustainability.


"A comprehensive book, useful for students, engineers and citizens; it explains basic environmental functions, problems and mitigation tools."

––Roger Frank, Professor, Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, Paris

"An interesting and for the most part, very readable book. Recommended."

Noise Control Engineering Journal, January-February 2014

"This comprehensive title will be useful for students and engineers but also for the wider public interested in environmental issues, because special emphasis is given to the examination of fundamental concepts that will contribute to the understanding and interpretation of ecological phenomena."

International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry

Table of Contents

Part 1

Ecological Systems

Systems and Ecosystems

The Concept of System

Concept and Use of Models

System State and Stability

The Ecosystem as a System

Mathematical Models of Ecosystems

Organisms and Environmental Factors

Categories of Organisms

Chemical Composition of the Cell


Storage of Energy


Limiting Nutrient

Interaction of Organisms and Environment

Organisation at Population Level

Population and Ecosystem

Population Dynamics

Population Size Variation Models

Interactions between Two Populations

Natural Selection and Evolution

Survival Strategies of Populations

The Human Population

Organisation at the Ecosystem Level

Energy Flow in the Ecosystem

Limiting Factors in Various Environments

Biogeochemical Cycles

Ecosystems’ Change in Time

Functions of Aquatic Ecosystems

Part 2

Fundamentals of Environmental Problems

Values, Alterations and Degradation of the Natural Landscape

Man’s Historical Influence on the Biosphere

Terrestrial Ecosystems

Aquatic Environment

Coastal Zones

Biodiversity and Landscape

The Environment in the City

The Urban Environment

The City and Urban Activities

Cities in the Developing World

Cities in Industrial Countries

Noise Pollution

Pollution from Urban Solid Waste

Indoor Pollution

Green and Open Spaces

Toxic Pollution

Toxic Pollutants, Bioaccumulation and Biomagnification

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)

Toxic Synthetic Organic Compounds

Toxic Pollution from Metals and Inorganic Substances


Water Pollution

Sources and Impacts of Water Pollution

Organic Matter—Oxygen Depletion

Phosphorus and Nitrogen—Eutrophication

Pathogenic Microorganisms—Contamination

Toxic Water Pollutants


Thermal Pollution

Air Pollution and Global Change

Sources and Local Implications of Air Pollutants

Acid Rain

Depletion of Stratospheric Ozone

The Greenhouse Effect

Part 3

Management of Environmental Problems

Pollution Control Technology

Dealing with Water Pollution

Dealing with Atmospheric Pollution

Urban Solid Waste Management

Tools for Environmental Analysis, Evaluation and Management

Environmental Management

Definition and Assessment of Impacts on the Environment

Environmental Indices and Indicators

Life Cycle Analysis

Environmental Audits


Environmental Certification

Geographic Information System

Environmental Impact Assessment

Information Access and Participation in Decision Making

Biodiversity and Landscape Protection

Multiple Dimensions of Nature Protection

Protection of Biodiversity

and the Landscape as a Social Issue

Methods of Biodiversity Conservation

Environment and Development

Impacts of Technology

The ‘Development versus Environment’ Dilemma

Sustainable Development

Ecological Approaches of Development

Future Prospects

Selected Bibliography


About the Author

Kimon Hadjibiros is a physicist specialising in ecology and a Professor in the Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering at the National Technical University of Athens. He has more than twenty five years' experience of teaching ecology for engineers, environmental management and policy.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NATURE / Environmental Conservation & Protection
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical