Ecology of Estuaries: Anthropogenic Effects, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Ecology of Estuaries

Anthropogenic Effects, 1st Edition

By Michael J. Kennish

CRC Press

512 pages

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Hardback: 9780849380419
pub: 1991-11-19
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Description

Ecology of Estuaries represents the most definitive and comprehensive source of reference information available on the human impact on estuarine ecosystems. The volume discusses both acute and insidious pollution problems plaguing these coastal ecotones. It also provides a detailed examination of the deleterious and pervasive effects of human activities on biotic communities and sensitive habitat areas in estuaries. Specific areas covered include organic loading, oil pollution, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, chlorinated hydrocarbons, heavy metals, dredging and dredged-spoil disposal, radionuclides, as well as other contaminants and processes. The diverse components of these anthropogenic influences are assembled in an organized framework and presented in a clear and concise style that facilitates their understanding.

Table of Contents

Types of Pollutants

Waste Disposal Strategies

Biological Effects of Waste Disposal

Bioaccumulation

Biotransformation and Metabolism of Pollutants in Estuarine

Organisms

Plan of this Volume

ORGANIC LOADING

Eutrophication Problems

Sewage

Eutrophication and Organic Carbon Enrichment

Nutrients

Estuarine Susceptibility to Nutrient Loading

Dispersion Models of Release Effluent

Nutrient Loading, Red Tides, and Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning

OIL POLLUTION

Sources of Oil Pollution

Composition of Oil

Classes or Series

Toxicity of Crude Oil

Fate of Polluting Oil

Abiotic and Biotic Factors

Effects of Polluting Oil on Organisms

General

Effects of Oil on Estuarine Habitats

Effects of Oil on Estuarine Organisms

Case Studies

The Florida Oil Spill

The Arrow Oil Spill

The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill

POLYNUCLEAR AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS

Distribution

PAHs in Sediments

PAHs in Biota

PAHs in Water

PAH TRANSFORMATION

Photodegradation

Chemical Oxidation

Biotic Transformation

PAHs in Estuarine Systems

Examples

Environmental Cycle of PAHCompounds

CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS

Organochlorine Pesticides

DDT

Cyclodiene Pesticides

Other Pesticides

Chlorinated Benzenes and Phenols

Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)

Physical-Chemical Properties

Environmental Effects

Polychlorinated Terphenyls (PCTs)

Case Studies

Chesapeake Bay

San Francisco Bay

Puget Sound

HEAVY METALS

Sources of Heavy Metals

Estuarine Systems

Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals

Heavy Metals in Estuarine Systems

Type Examples

RADIOACTIVITY

Radioactivity and Radiation

Radioactivity Defined

Common Types of Ionizing Radiation

Sources of Radiation

Types of Radioactive Wastes

Radioactivity and Estuarine Organisms

General

Impact of Radioactivity on Estuarine Organisms

Radioactive Waste Disposal

General

Storage or Disposal Systems

Waste Management Strategies

DREDGING AND DREDGED-SPOIL DISPOSAL

Dredging Devices

Environmental Effects of Dredging and Dredged-Spoil Disposal

Adverse Effects

Beneficial Effects

Case Studies

Chesapeake Bay

Alberni Inlet, British Columbia

Regulation Of Dredged-Material Disposal

EFFECTS OF ELECTRIC GENERATING STATIONS

Historical Development

Effects Of Power Plant Operation

Thermal Discharges

Waste Heat Utilization

Biocides

Impingement and Entrainment

Case Studies

Oyster Creek Nuclear Generating Station

Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station

About the Series

CRC Marine Science

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
SCI039000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Biology / Marine Biology