The ubiquity of the commitment to economic growth, which Purdey refers to as the growth paradigm, is extraordinary. National governments around the world are seized of the same objective. Major international institutions such as the UN, the WTO, the World Bank, IMF and OECD, powerful international organizations such as regional trading blocs and multinational corporations – even civil societies of all kinds enthusiastically pursue a larger economic pie.
This book examines the deep origins and rise to prominence of the commitment to economic growth. It explains why, despite the diversity of regime types, levels of development, cultures and other divisions typical of international relations, all major actors in the modern global polity pursue an identical political priority. Purdey critically examines the growth paradigm highlighting its normative foundations and its environmental impact, especially climate change. Using a neo-Gramscian approach, Purdey re-engages the ‘limits to growth’ controversy, identifying the commitment to growth as a form of utopianism that is as dangerous as it is seductive.
By illuminating and interrogating the history, politics and morality of the growth paradigm, this book shifts the terrain of the limits debate from instrumental to ethical considerations. It will be of interest to students and scholars of political economy, international relations, environmental studies and ethics.
Table of Contents
1. What is the Growth Paradigm? 2. Systemic-, State-, and Individual-Level Contributions to Understanding the Paradigm 3. The Ideational Superstructure of the Paradigm 4. The Class Structure and Normative Foundations of the Paradigm 5. Tensions in the Paradigm and Prospects for Change
Stephen Purdey is a Lecturer at the University of Toronto, Canada. After several years working in the private sector, in Canadian federal politics, and with various NGOs, his current academic work focuses on the origins and environmental impact of the ubiquitous political commitment to economic growth. Of particular interest are the normative underpinnings of that commitment. Thematic to Purdey's research is the notion that the rapidly changing relationship between human society and Earth cannot be effectively managed without revitalizing the moral discourse that provides meaning and direction to those changes.