1st Edition

Ecotourism in Sub-Saharan Africa Thirty Years of Practice

Edited By Kenneth Backman, Ian E. Munanura Copyright 2017
    221 Pages
    by Routledge

    242 Pages
    by Routledge

    Since its first mention in the academic literature, ecotourism has been endorsed by NGOs and governments as the most environmentally sound and locally beneficial method of tourist development. Over the last thirty years sub-Saharan Africa has adopted ecotourism as the primary focus for tourism development; research into this has demonstrated mixed results. In this publication, we seek to explore the actual outcomes for African countries that have developed their tourism policy around the principals and values of ecotourism. The sheer scope and magnitude of the task means that a complete evaluation of ecotourism in Africa is impossible. Instead, included here are spot assessments of various aspects of ecotourism related to conservation, policy development, environment, governance, community and indigenous peoples in southern Africa. The studies cover a wide array of countries, including Botswana, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Ghana, Zimbabwe, and South Africa. Though this is only the beginning of a needed long term evaluation of the positives and negatives of ecotourism, it provides a starting point from which to move forward. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Ecotourism.

    1. Introduction: Ecotourism in Africa over the past 30 years
    Kenneth F. Backman and Ian Munanura

    2. Neoliberalism in ecotourism? The new development paradigm of multinational projects in Africa Carol S. Kline and Susan L. Slocum

    3. Analysing governance in tourism value chains to reshape the tourist bubble in developing countries: the case of cultural tourism in Uganda
    Bright Adiyia, Arie Stoffelen, Britt Jennes, Dominique Vanneste and Wilber Manyisa Ahebwa

    4. Conservation tourism and landscape governance in Kenya: the interdependency of three conservation NGOs
    Arjaan Pellis, Machiel Lamers and René Van der Duim

    5. Good governance strategies for sustainable ecotourism in Tanzania
    Liliane Pasape, Wineaster Anderson and George Lindi

    6. Community-based ecotourism: a collaborative partnerships perspective
    Moren Tibabo Stone

    7. Community agency and entrepreneurship in ecotourism planning and development in the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area
    Chaka Chirozva

    8. Ecotourism in Botswana: 30 years later
    Joseph E. Mbaiwa

    9. Ecotourism implementation in the Kakum Conservation Area, Ghana: administrative framework and local community experiences
    Patrick Brandful Cobbinah, Rosemary Black and Rik Thwaites

    10. Factors that influence support for community-based ecotourism in the rural communities adjacent to the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, Botswana
    Naomi Moswete and Brijesh Thapa

    11. A review of ecotourism in Tanzania: magnitude, challenges, and prospects for sustainability
    John T. Mgonja, Agnes Sirima and Peter J. Mkumbo

    12. Climate change risks on protected areas ecotourism: shocks and stressors perspectives in Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania
    N. P. Mkiramweni, T. DeLacy, M. Jiang & F. E. Chiwanga

    13. The influence of homestay facilities on tourist satisfaction in the Lake Victoria Kenya Tourism Circuit
    Eliza Buyeke Ogucha, Geoffrey K. Riungu, Frimar K. Kiama and Eunice Mukolwe

    14. Conclusion
    Kenneth F. Backman and Ian Munanura


    Kenneth F. Backman, PhD, is a Professor in the Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management and Fellow of the Institute for Parks at Clemson University, USA, and associate editor of the Journal of Ecotourism. His research areas are sustainable tourism development, and ecotourism.

    Ian E. Munanura is an assistant professor in the Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society at Oregon State University, USA. He teaches ecotourism, and sustainable tourism planning. He also conducts a program of research on family wellbeing constraints influencing destructive forest use behaviour in rural communities, and the mitigation potential of ecotourism.