Ecotoxicology and Chemistry Applications in Environmental Management  book cover
1st Edition

Ecotoxicology and Chemistry Applications in Environmental Management

ISBN 9781498716529
Published July 18, 2016 by CRC Press
312 Pages 16 Color & 93 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Ecotoxicology and Chemistry Applications in Environmental Management describes how to set up an integrated, holistic approach to addressing ecotoxicological problems. It provides detailed explanations in answer to questions like "Why is it necessary to apply an integrated approach?" and "How does one apply an integrated environmental management approach?"

Highlighted topics of the book include

  • Environmental chemical calculations
  • QSAR estimation methods
  • Toxic substance interference with other environmental problems
  • Using diagnostic ecological subdisciplines for solutions
  • Cleaner production methods and technologies
  • Environmental risk assessment

Addressing one of the most difficult tasks today, this book provides a much-needed holistic view for translating scientific knowledge and research results into effective environmental management measures. Rooted in a seven-step method, it integrates examination and quantification of an environmental problem and describes the use of ecological diagnostic tools to develop a diagnosis for ecosystem health. It also presents methods for choosing and using solutions or combinations of solutions to tackle problems.

Table of Contents

Application of Ecotoxicology and Environmental Chemistry in Holistic, Integrated Environmental Management
The Seven Management Steps
Toolboxes Available Today to Develop an Ecological–Environmental Diagnosis
Toolboxes Available Today to Solve Pollution Problems
Follow the Recovery Process
Conclusions about Integrated Environmental Management

Sources of Toxic Substance Pollution
Sources of Pollution
Distribution in Time and Space

Properties of Toxic Substances
Properties Determining Distribution in the Environment
Properties (Parameters) Determining Ecotoxicological Effects

Estimation of Ecotoxicological Parameters
Application of Correlation Equations
Estimation of Biological Parameters
Application of EEP

Global Element Cycles
The Biochemistry of Nature
Element Cycles and Recycling in Nature
The Global Element Cycles

Toxic Substances in the Environment
Inorganic Compounds and Their Effects
Effects of Organic Compounds

Calculations of Reactions and Equilibrium
Equilibrium Constant
Activities and Activity Coefficients
Mixed Equilibrium Constant
Classification of Chemical Processes and Their Equilibrium Constants
Many Simultaneous Reactions
Henry’s Law
Double Logarithmic Diagrams Applied on Acid–Base Reactions
Molar Fraction, Alkalinity, and Buffer Capacity
Dissolved Carbon Dioxide
Precipitation and Dissolution: Solubility of Hydroxides
Solubility of Carbonates in Open Systems
Solubility of Complexes
Stability of the Solid Phase
Complex Formation
Environmental Importance of Complex Formation
Conditional Constant
Application of Double Logarithmic Diagrams to Determine the Conditional Constants for Complex Formation
Redox Equilibria: Electron Activity and Nernst Law
pe as Master Variable
Examples of Relevant Processes in the Aquatic Environment
Redox Conditions in Natural Waters
Construction of pe–pH Diagrams
Redox Potential and Complex Formation
Summary and Conclusions

Environmental Risk Assessment
Environmental Risk Analysis
Development of ERA

Application of Ecological Models in Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Physical and Mathematical Models
Models as a Management Tool
Modeling Components
Recommended Modeling Procedure
Overview of Available Ecological Models
Examples of Application of Models in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Chemistry
Models as a Strong Management Tool: Problems and Possibilities

Ecological Indicators and Ecosystem Services as Diagnostic Tools in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Chemistry
Role of Ecosystem Health Assessment in Environmental Management
Criteria for the Selection of Ecological Indicators for EHA
Classification of Ecosystem Health Indicators
Ecosystem Services
Value of Ecosystem Services

Application of Environmental Technology in Environmental Management
Application of Environmental Technology to Solve Wastewater Problems
Abatement of Air Pollution by Environmental Technology
Solution of Solid Waste Problems by Environmental Technology

Application of Ecotechnology/Ecological Engineering in Environmental Management
What Is Ecotechnology and Ecological Engineering?
Classification of Ecological Engineering/Ecotechnology
Agricultural Waste and Drainage Water
Wastewater Treatment by Ecotechnology
Soil Remediation

Application of Cleaner Production in Environmental Management
Environmental Management Systems
Environmental Audit, LCI, and LCA
Cleaner Production/Technology
Life Cycle Inventory and Life Cycle Assessment
Green Chemistry
Reach Reform

Implementation of Integrated Environmental Management to Solve Toxic Substance Pollution Problems
Recommendations on Application of Integrated Environmental Management
Following the Recovery Process

Summary and Conclusions
Feasibility of Implementing Integrated Environmental Management

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Sven Erik Jørgensen is a professor of environmental chemistry at Copenhagen University, Denmark. He holds a doctorate in engineering in environmental technology and a doctorate of science in ecological modeling. He is an honorable doctor of science at Coimbra University, Portugal, and at Dar es Salaam University, Tanzania. He was editor in chief of Ecological Modelling and has also been the editor in chief of the Encyclopedia of Ecology. He is the president of the International Society of Ecological Modelling and was chairman of the International Lake Environment Committee. He has received several awards and honors, and is an elected member of the European Academy of Science. He has written more than 360 papers, most of which have been published in international peer-reviewed journals. He has edited or written 70 books and has given lectures and courses in ecological modeling, ecosystem theory, and ecological engineering worldwide.