Ecotoxicology and Chemistry Applications in Environmental Management: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Ecotoxicology and Chemistry Applications in Environmental Management

1st Edition

By Sven Erik Jorgensen

CRC Press

312 pages | 16 Color Illus. | 93 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781498716529
pub: 2016-07-18
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Ecotoxicology and Chemistry Applications in Environmental Management describes how to set up an integrated, holistic approach to addressing ecotoxicological problems. It provides detailed explanations in answer to questions like "Why is it necessary to apply an integrated approach?" and "How does one apply an integrated environmental management approach?"

Highlighted topics of the book include

  • Environmental chemical calculations
  • QSAR estimation methods
  • Toxic substance interference with other environmental problems
  • Using diagnostic ecological subdisciplines for solutions
  • Cleaner production methods and technologies
  • Environmental risk assessment

Addressing one of the most difficult tasks today, this book provides a much-needed holistic view for translating scientific knowledge and research results into effective environmental management measures. Rooted in a seven-step method, it integrates examination and quantification of an environmental problem and describes the use of ecological diagnostic tools to develop a diagnosis for ecosystem health. It also presents methods for choosing and using solutions or combinations of solutions to tackle problems.

Table of Contents

Application of Ecotoxicology and Environmental Chemistry in Holistic, Integrated Environmental Management

The Seven Management Steps

Toolboxes Available Today to Develop an Ecological–Environmental Diagnosis

Toolboxes Available Today to Solve Pollution Problems

Follow the Recovery Process

Conclusions about Integrated Environmental Management


Sources of Toxic Substance Pollution

Sources of Pollution

Distribution in Time and Space


Properties of Toxic Substances

Properties Determining Distribution in the Environment

Properties (Parameters) Determining Ecotoxicological Effects


Estimation of Ecotoxicological Parameters


Application of Correlation Equations


Estimation of Biological Parameters

Application of EEP



Global Element Cycles

The Biochemistry of Nature

Element Cycles and Recycling in Nature

The Global Element Cycles


Toxic Substances in the Environment

Inorganic Compounds and Their Effects




Effects of Organic Compounds


Calculations of Reactions and Equilibrium


Equilibrium Constant

Activities and Activity Coefficients

Mixed Equilibrium Constant

Classification of Chemical Processes and Their Equilibrium Constants

Many Simultaneous Reactions

Henry’s Law


Double Logarithmic Diagrams Applied on Acid–Base Reactions

Molar Fraction, Alkalinity, and Buffer Capacity

Dissolved Carbon Dioxide

Precipitation and Dissolution: Solubility of Hydroxides

Solubility of Carbonates in Open Systems

Solubility of Complexes

Stability of the Solid Phase

Complex Formation

Environmental Importance of Complex Formation

Conditional Constant

Application of Double Logarithmic Diagrams to Determine the Conditional Constants for Complex Formation

Redox Equilibria: Electron Activity and Nernst Law

pe as Master Variable

Examples of Relevant Processes in the Aquatic Environment

Redox Conditions in Natural Waters

Construction of pe–pH Diagrams

Redox Potential and Complex Formation

Summary and Conclusions


Environmental Risk Assessment

Environmental Risk Analysis

Development of ERA


Application of Ecological Models in Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology

Physical and Mathematical Models

Models as a Management Tool

Modeling Components

Recommended Modeling Procedure

Overview of Available Ecological Models

Examples of Application of Models in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Chemistry

Models as a Strong Management Tool: Problems and Possibilities


Ecological Indicators and Ecosystem Services as Diagnostic Tools in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Chemistry

Role of Ecosystem Health Assessment in Environmental Management

Criteria for the Selection of Ecological Indicators for EHA

Classification of Ecosystem Health Indicators

Ecosystem Services

Value of Ecosystem Services


Application of Environmental Technology in Environmental Management


Application of Environmental Technology to Solve Wastewater Problems

Abatement of Air Pollution by Environmental Technology

Solution of Solid Waste Problems by Environmental Technology


Application of Ecotechnology/Ecological Engineering in Environmental Management

What Is Ecotechnology and Ecological Engineering?

Classification of Ecological Engineering/Ecotechnology

Agricultural Waste and Drainage Water

Wastewater Treatment by Ecotechnology

Soil Remediation


Application of Cleaner Production in Environmental Management


Environmental Management Systems

Environmental Audit, LCI, and LCA

Cleaner Production/Technology

Life Cycle Inventory and Life Cycle Assessment

Green Chemistry

Reach Reform


Implementation of Integrated Environmental Management to Solve Toxic Substance Pollution Problems


Recommendations on Application of Integrated Environmental Management

Following the Recovery Process


Summary and Conclusions

Feasibility of Implementing Integrated Environmental Management



About the Author

Sven Erik Jørgensen is a professor of environmental chemistry at Copenhagen University, Denmark. He holds a doctorate in engineering in environmental technology and a doctorate of science in ecological modeling. He is an honorable doctor of science at Coimbra University, Portugal, and at Dar es Salaam University, Tanzania. He was editor in chief of Ecological Modelling and has also been the editor in chief of the Encyclopedia of Ecology. He is the president of the International Society of Ecological Modelling and was chairman of the International Lake Environment Committee. He has received several awards and honors, and is an elected member of the European Academy of Science. He has written more than 360 papers, most of which have been published in international peer-reviewed journals. He has edited or written 70 books and has given lectures and courses in ecological modeling, ecosystem theory, and ecological engineering worldwide.

About the Series

Applied Ecology and Environmental Management

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NATURE / Ecology
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCIENCE / Environmental Science