This book presents a comprehensive review of the most recent studies on the impact of contaminants on the marine environment. Conventional and new information, as well as the latest techniques, are presented, which can be applied to several types of marine organisms from bacteria and fungi to animals and algae. Specific topics discussed include the impact of different contaminants on different organisms as well as different approaches and their outcomes in terms of impact assessment. The integration of these techniques is also discussed in order to attain sentinel species and biomarkers to be applied for assessing ecological quality and impact assessment programs and studies.
Table of Contents
Environmental Disturbance Caused by Stressors: Changing the Focus from Individuals to Habitats
Cristiano V.M. Araújo, Matilde Moreira-Santos and Rui Ribeiro
Toxicity of Rare Earth Elements to Marine Organisms
Pedro Luís Borralho Aboim de Brito
Chemical Contaminants in a Changing Ocean
Ana Luísa Maulvault, Patrícia Anacleto, António Marques, Rui Rosa and Mário Diniz
Effects of Harmful Algal Bloom Toxins on Marine Organisms
Lopes, V.M., Costa, P.R. and Rosa, R.
Overview of Phytoplankton Indicators and Biomarkers as Key-Tools for Trace Element Contamination Assessment in Estuaries
Maria Teresa Cabrita, Bernardo Duarte, Carla Gameiro, Ana Rita Matos, Isabel Caçador and Rita M. Godinho
Phytoremediation and Removal of Contaminants by Algae and Seagrasses
Bouchama Khaled, Rouabhi Rachid and Bouchiha Hanen
Ecotoxicology of Pharmaceuticals in Coastal and Marine Organisms
Vanessa F. Fonseca and Patrick Reis-Santos
Mercury Exposure, Fish Consumption and Provisional Tolerable Weekly Intake: An Overview
Vieira, H.C., Soares, A.M.V.M., Morgado, F. and Abreu, S.N.
Contaminants Impact on Marine Turtle Populations Development: An Overview
Patricia Salvarani, Vania C. Foster, Jaime Rendon and Fernando Morgado
Bernardo Duarte graduated in 2008 in Cellular Biology and Biotechnology (Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lisbon), followed by a Master degree in 2011 in Management and Conservation of Natural Resources (University of Évora) and by the PhD in Biology and Ecology (Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lisbon) in 2016. He is an Investigator of the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lisbon and of MARE – Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre. In the last 15 years developed his research mostly focusing on contaminant biogeochemistry, ecotoxicology and ecophysiology of marine organisms. This work resulted in more than 70 publications in international ISI Journals (h-index 18), 13 book chapters and over 1,300 citations. He is routinely reviewing papers for several international journals in these fields of expertise and acts as a reviewer for several funding bodies in USA, South Africa and Europe. He is presently Reviewing Editor (Marine Pollution section) at Frontiers in Marine Science and Frontiers in Environmental Science. He currently leads several projects focusing on bio-optical techniques and its application in the development of new ecotoxicological tests.
Isabel Caçador graduated in Biology in 1978, finished her PhD in 1995 and her Habilitation in 2008. She is presently a Professor in Plant biology Department at the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lisbon, Portugal and a senior investigator at MARE – Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre. Her major expertise is in marine and estuarine ecology and ecotoxicology. Her 40 years of expertise in the field have resulted in 200 publications, of which 121 publications in international peer reviewed journals, resulting in over 3,100 citations and h-index of 29. In these areas she has obtained international recognition in the arbitration of scientific articles and books, collaborations in European projects, establishment of cooperation actions, invitation to participate in international juries of merit to award prizes and also, have seen award winning work of which was co-author. She participated in more than 50 national and international projects, being coordinator of 16. Isabel Caçador is also the author of about 170 international communications (40 by invitation). Additionally, she supervised more than 15 PhD thesis. She is regularly reviewing papers for over 50 international journals and has been evaluator for several funding agencies.