The use of nanoparticles in medicine, industrial, and other applications has triggered an interest in their potential. This book explores the use of nanoparticles related to their occurrence in the environment, their impact on biota in aquatic systems, application of new methodologies, and changes associated with new global scenarios. The book also covers the bioaccumulation and internalization of nanoparticles as key aspects to assess their uptake and discusses the methodologies for testing ENPs ecotoxicity at different trophic levels.
Table of Contents
Toxicity of Metal and Metal Oxide Engineered Nanoparticles to Phytoplankton. Sublethal Effects of Nanoparticles on Aquatic Invertebrates, from Molecular to Organism Level. In Vitro Testing: In Vitro Toxicity Testing with Bivalve Mollusc and Fish Cells for the Risk Assessment of Nanoparticles in the Aquatic Environment. Toxicity Tests and Bioassays for Aquatic Ecotoxicology of Engineered Nanomaterials. Nanomaterial Transport and Ecotoxicity in Fish Embryos. Effects of Nanomaterials on the Body Systems of Fishes—An Overview from Target Organ Pathology. Nanoparticles Under the Spotlight: Intracellular Fate and Toxic Effects on Cells of Aquatic Organisms as Revealed by Microscopy. Insights from ‘Omics on the Exposure and Effects of Engineered Nanomaterials on Aquatic Organisms. Nanomaterials in Aquatic Sediments. The Role of Ecotoxicology in the Eco-Design of Nanomaterials for Water Remediation. Analytical Tools Able to Detect ENP/NM/MNs in both Artificial and Natural Environmental Water Media.
Julián Blasco, Ph.D., is presently Director of the Institute of Marine Sciences of Andalusia belonging to the Spanish National Research Council. He received his doctorate in Chemistry (1985) from the University of Seville (Spain). He is responsible for the research group "Ecotoxicology, Ecophysiology and Biodiversity of Aquatic Systems". His research focuses on the legacy and emergent (pharmaceuticals and nanoparticle) pollutant effects on aquatic species and biogeochemistry of trace metals in the marine environment.
Ilaria Corsi, Ph.D., is presently Adjunct Professor of Ecotoxicology at the University of Siena. She received her doctorate in Environmental Biology (2001) from the University of Siena (Italy). She is responsible for the research group "Ecotoxicology and Biological Monitoring" and head of the section of "Ecotoxicology of emerging contaminants and nanomaterials". Her research focuses on legacy and emerging contaminants including nanomaterials and their environmental behaviour and biological effects from organism up to population level.