This edited Adelphi volume brings together senior scholars as well as rising analysts of Egypt to examine the turbulent period from the January 2011 uprising to the consolidation of power of President Abdelfattah el-Sisi in 2014-15.
The nine authors provide a sober, in-depth look at the country’s contested politics, institutional and political players, struggling economy, constant foreign policy and evolving security challenges. The book analyses the complex calculations of the various political and social forces that emerged from or surfed on the revolutionary fervor that gripped Egypt in 2011, from the Muslim Brotherhood to non-Islamist factions and civil society groups. It examines the rise and limitations of Islamist politics and the military and societal response to Muslim Brotherhood rule. In parallel, it investigates how state institutions (the military but also the judiciary and the bureaucracy) have adapted and shaped the transition to secure their own interests, resulting in the accession to power of el-Sisi after the popular mobilization and military coup of July 2013. One chapter examines the foundations and constancy of Egyptian foreign policy throughout the transition. The policy responses to Egypt’s economic ills are also detailed. A chapter is dedicated to the study of Egypt’s worsening security threats and an assessment of the state response.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements -- Contributors -- Introduction -- /Emile Hokayem -- Chapter One The transition: from Mubarak's fall to the 2014 presidential election -- /Professor Nathan J. Brown -- The revolution and its contradictions -- Egypt's first transition -- The Morsi presidency -- After 3 July: the state reassembled -- Conclusion: the Sisi presidency -- Chapter Two Courts and police in revolution -- /Professor Ellis Goldberg -- The police -- The courts -- The constitution and elections -- Morsi as president -- Conclusion -- Chapter Three The military -- /Dr Zeinab Abul-Magd -- From socialism to neoliberalism, 1950S-2000S -- Winning a revolution, 2011-13 -- Sisi versus malcontents -- Conclusion -- Chapter Four The Muslim Brotherhood -- /Yasser El-Shimy -- A revolutionary opportunity for an evolutionary movement -- One against all -- The state is the enemy; long live the state! -- The army -- The police and the judiciary -- The Brotherhood survives the coup -- Chapter Five Egypt's non-Islamist parties -- /Michael Wahid Hanna -- Defining non-Islamism -- Structure and design -- Fracture, dissipation and triangulation -- Brotherhood maximalism -- The death of possibility -- Chapter Six Civil society -- /Dr H.A.Hellyer -- Youth -- NGOs -- Labour -- Media -- Conclusion -- Chapter Seven A revolution without a revolutionary foreign policy -- /Gamal Hassan -- Egyptian foreign policy under Nasser, Sadat and Mubarak -- The challenges of the Arab Spring -- SCAF rule: forces of continuity vs inconsistent attempts at change -- Foreign policy under Morsi -- 30 June and beyond: business as usual? -- New challenges -- Conclusion -- Chapter Eight Militarisation and security challenges in Egypt -- /Hebatalla Taha -- North Sinai: between militant and military violence -- Beyond Sinai: the spread of violence throughout Egypt -- The Libyan front: spillover and intervention -- The Sisi strategy and the militarisation project -- Conclusion -- Chapter Nine The Egyptian economy -- /Mohamed El Dahshan -- Egypt under the SCAF: short-term calculations -- Egypt under the Muslim Brotherhood: the wrong experiments at the worst possible time -- The rise of Sisinomics -- 2015: the Egypt Economic Development Conference and future plans -- The army's economy -- Insufficient social-justice and economic-inclusiveness efforts -- Conclusion.
Emile Hokayem is the Senior Fellow for Middle East Security at the International Institute for Strategic Studies based out of its Middle East office in Manama, Bahrain. He is the author of Syria’s Uprising and the Fracturing of the Levant, published by the IISS and Routledge in June 2013, and the co-editor of Middle Eastern Security, the US Pivot and the Rise of ISIS, published by the IISS and Routledge in January 2015.