Little is known outside of Russia about the nation's musical heritage prior to the nineteenth century. Western scholarship has tended to view the history of Russian music as not beginning until the end of the eighteenth century. Marina Ritzarev's work shows this interpretation to be misguided. Starting from an examination of the rich legacy of Russian music up to 1700, she explores the development of music over the course of the eighteenth century, a period of especially intense Westernization and secularization. The book focuses on what is characteristic and crucial to Russian music during this period, rather than seeking to provide a comprehensive survey. The musical culture of the time is discussed against the rich background of social, political and cultural life, tying together many of the phenomena that used to be viewed separately. The book highlights the importance of previously marginalized sectors - serf culture, choral sacred culture, the contribution of foreign musicians, the significant influence of Freemasonry, the role of Ukrainian and West-European cultures and so on - as well as casting new light on the well-researched topic of Russian opera. Much new archival material is introduced, and revised biographies of the two leading eighteenth-century Russian composers, Maxim Berezovsky and Dmitry Bortniansky, are provided, as well as those of the serf composer Stepan Degtyarev and the Italian Giuseppe Sarti. The book places eighteenth-century Russian music on the European map, and will be of particular importance for the study of European musical cultures remote from such centres as Italy, Germany-Austria and France. Eighteenth-century Russian music is organically linked with its past and future and its contributory role in forming the Russian national identity and developing the Russian idiom is clarified.
’Marina Ritzarev (Rytsareva) has been writing about eighteenth-century Russian music for several decades now, and this new book finally makes her labours available in comprehensive fashion to an English-language readership. The work is full of strengths, particularly in her mastery of the huge repertory and her equal and very welcome control of the complex archival holdings… The book's historiographical detours are among its strengths and surprises… The volume hits its stride in chapter 4, at mid-century, where the author begins her discussion of the crucial composer Maxim Berezovsky. This is where Ritzarev's many years in the archives pay off and her confidence, authority, and ease of communication really come to the fore. The chapters focusing on the development of the concerto in the hands of both Russian and Western composers are particularly strong… [The] brief concluding section bristles with stimulating information, suggestions, and hypotheses…’ Music and Letters '… a valuable and very interesting book… There is a wealth of information in this book…' Early Music Review ’… Ritzarev’s book it is to be welcomed as an important major work by a major scholar … Ritzarev is familiar with the relevant sources, has worked extensively in archives and is well placed to comment on existing critical approaches from both Russian and western perspectives… The book is enhanced by a large number of black-and-white illustrations and over a hundred musical examples… Both Ritzarev and Ashgate are to be congratulated on having produced…a book that will satisfy and stimulate readers from a variety of scholarly backgrounds.’ Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies ’… a much awaited publication that fills up a large gap in the history of music… Ritzarev is also one of the world's most knowledgeable, meticulous and yet remarkably interesting-to-read writers about Russian music in general… With the patience and pedantic conscientiousness of
Contents: List of figures and tables; List of music examples; Preface; Acknowledgements; Notes on abbreviations and transliteration; Rethinking eighteenth century Russian music; PrePetrine legacy; Toward the new Russian idiom: between Germans and Italians; between Italians and Russians; At the court of Grand Duke Peter Fedorovich; The thaw of the 1760s; Lessons of the 1770s: Berezovsky and Bortniansky in Italy; The city in the 1770s; Bortniansky and the 1780s; The late eighteenth century Russian salon; Sarti in Russia; 1790s: muses and cannons; Master and serf; The choral concerto in the 1790s; Bortniansky in the nineteenth century; Bibliography; Index.