Electric Power Distribution, Automation, Protection, and Control  book cover
1st Edition

Electric Power Distribution, Automation, Protection, and Control

ISBN 9780849368356
Published September 7, 2007 by CRC Press
378 Pages 147 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

New methods for automation and intelligent systems applications, new trends in telecommunications, and a recent focus on renewable energy are reshaping the educational landscape of today's power engineer. Providing a modern and practical vehicle to help students navigate this dynamic terrain, Electric Power Distribution, Automation, Protection, and Control infuses new directions in computation, automation, and control into classical topics in electric power distribution.

Ideal for a one-semester course for senior undergraduates or first-year graduate students, this text works systematically through basic distribution principles, renewable energy sources, computational tools and techniques, reliability, maintenance, distribution automation, and telecommunications. Numerous examples, problems, and case studies offer practical insight into the concepts and help build a working knowledge of protection schemes, fault analysis and synthesis, reliability analysis, intelligent automation systems, distribution management systems, and distribution system communications. The author details different renewable energy sources and teaches students how to evaluate them in terms of size, cost, and performance.

Guided firmly by the author's wealth of industrial and academic experience, your students will learn the tools and techniques used to design, build, and operate future generations of distribution systems with unparalleled efficiency, robustness, and sustainability.

Table of Contents

* Each Chapter Provides an Introduction,
Illustrative Examples, and a Summary

Introduction to Distribution Automation Systems
Historical Background
Distribution System Topology and Structure
Distribution Automation (DA) and Control

Computational Techniques for Distribution Systems
Complex Power Concepts
Balanced Voltage to Neutral-Connected System
Power Relationship for f Y-?-Connected System
Per-Unit System
Calculation of Power Losses
Voltage Regulation Techniques
Voltage-Sag Analysis and Calculation
Equipment Modeling
Components Modeling
Distribution System Line Model
Distribution Power Flow Analysis
Distribution System Topology for Development of Load Flow
Review of Classical Power Flow Methods
Distribution Power Flow Methods

Distribution System Protection and Control
Single Line-to-Ground Fault
Double Line-to-Ground Fault on Phase B and C
Three-Phase Fault Analysis
Line-to-Ground and Line-to-Line Faults
Protection Systems
Protective Relay Technology
System Protection in General
System Protection for Different Power System Zone Components

Distribution System Reliability and Maintenance
Reliability Evaluation
Reliability Indices
Methods of Reliability Analysis
Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) Method
Event-Tree Analysis Method
Fault-Tree Analysis Method
Unavailability of Power Calculations from the Cut Set
Simulation Techniques for Reliability Analysis
Simulation Methods Utilized for Distribution Reliability Analysis
Evaluation of Distribution Reliability Analysis Method
Reliability Database Design
Maintenance and Reliability
Maintenance of Distribution Systems
Reliability-Centered Maintenance
Security and Reliability-Centered Maintenance
Implementation Plan for Various Component-Maintenance Techniques

Distribution Automation and Control Functions
Demand-Side Management
Voltage/VAr Control
Fault Detection (Distribution Automation Function)
Trouble Calls
Restoration Functions
Reconfiguration of Distribution Systems
Power Quality
Optimization Techniques

Intelligent Systems in Distribution Automation
Distribution Automation Function
Artificial Intelligence Methods
Intelligent Systems in Distribution Automation
Voltage/VAr Control
Network Reconfiguration via AI
Fault Detection, Classification, and Location in Distribution Systems

Renewable Energy Options and Technology
Distributed Generation
Working Definition and Classification of Renewable Energy
Renewable Energy Options
Other Nonrenewable Energy Sources
Fuel Cell
Distributed Generation Concepts and Benefits

Distribution Management Systems
Functions of EMS
SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition)
RTU (Remote Terminal Units)
Distribution Management System (DMS)
Automatic Meter Reading (AMR
Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) in Distribution Systems

Communication Systems for Distribution Automation Systems
Telecommunication in Principle
Data Communication in Power System Distribution Network
Signal Representation
Types of Telecommunication Media
Communication Modulation Techniques
Communication Networking
Frame-Relay Communications
Communication Standards Overview
OSI Model
Distribution Network Protocol (DNP)
Utility Communication Architecture (UCA)
Power-Line Carrier Communication
Security in Telecommunications and Information Technology

Challenges to Distribution Systems for a Competitive Power Utility Environment
Demand Response
Communication Advances
Standards and Institutional Barriers
Pricing and Billing


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