'Wayleave' is an archaic term from the nineteenth century defined as 'a privilege enabling a person to cross another person’s land with infrastructure and with goods and chattels'. It has been applied to electricity rights because of the need to string electricity lines across land.
Electricity is such a fundamental part of life that its supply is often taken for granted. In reality, the rights for electricity lines are arguably the weakest of all utilities, with the vast majority covered by wayleaves. Privatisation in the 1990s provided the opportunity to bolster wayleave rights, but it only led to a tinkering through primary legislation. The acceleration of telecommunications over the past twenty years has confused issues, with operators installing masts and adding apparatus to electricity lines. A large proportion of wayleaves are dealt with at local level, with little consistency. Coupled to this is the public concern that electricity lines have potentially serious health effects that continue to attract research and media interest.
This book has been written for those involved in, or advising on, the use and development of land for transmission and distribution lines. As most people have only brief encounters with the electricity infrastructure, this guide will help to avoid the fear of the unknown. By setting out the main principles and procedures used and the relevant primary and secondary legislation in a clear and easy-to-follow way it will enable lawyers, surveyors, planners, architects, engineers and accountants to discuss the relevant issues with confidence.
1. Introduction 2. What is a Wayleave? 3. Necessary Wayleave Applications 4. Wayleave Hearings 5. Wayleave Payments 6. Compulsory Purchase Powers 7. Compensation Payments 8. Application to Lands Tribunal 9. Planning Permission and Ministerial Consent 10. Public Inquiries: Electricity Industry Structure 11. Types of Electricity Infrastructure