1st Edition

# Electricity and Electronics for Renewable Energy Technology An Introduction

818 Pages
by CRC Press

824 Pages 595 Color Illustrations
by CRC Press

824 Pages 595 Color Illustrations
by CRC Press

Also available as eBook on:

Electricity and Electronics for Renewable Energy Technology: An Introduction provides a foundational understanding of electricity and the methods and devices specific to electricity from renewable sources.

The book begins with a brief explanation of the necessary mathematics and then:

• Addresses the basics of electricity and relationships, motors and generators, transformers, and networks and distribution
• Tackles the key concepts associated with electronics, diodes and transistors, switching devices, and power converters
• Covers digital electronics from number systems and logic circuits to encoders and decoders
• Explores advanced subjects such as reactive power and the operation of a transistor

A lab manual and PowerPoint presentation are available with qualifying course adoption.

Featuring extensive review questions and practice problems at the end of each chapter, Electricity and Electronics for Renewable Energy Technology: An Introduction instills an essential knowledge of electricity and electronics required for work with renewable energy.

Energy and Electricity
Introduction
Need for Energy
Renewable Energy
Electricity
Static Electricity
Safety at Work and Safety Rules
Chapter Summary

Basic Mathematics and Systems of Measurement Units
Introduction
Ratio and Percentage
Area and Volume Ratios
Angles, Triangles, and Trigonometric Relationships
Principal Measurement Entities and Systems of Measurement
Other Measurement Entities and Their Derivation
Conversion between Systems of Measurement Units
Formulas, Relationships, and Equations
Chapter Summary

Atomic Structure of Materials
Introduction
Material Properties
Atom and Molecule
Atomic Structure of Materials
Differences between Materials
Similarities between Materials and Valance Electrons
Categorization of Materials: Conductors and Insulators
Electric Charge and Energy in Electrons
Chapter Summary

DC and AC Electricity
Introduction
Electricity Basics
Electricity Effects and Electrical Devices
Main Electric Components
Electric Circuit
Electric Flow
DC and AC
Electric Potential and Electric Current
Resistance to Electric Flow
Inductance
Capacitance
Chapter Summary

Voltage, Current, and Power
Introduction
Electric Current
Electric Voltage
Ohm’s Law: Relationship between Voltage, Current, and Load Resistance
Measuring Electric Current
Measuring Electric Voltage
Multimeter
Measuring Resistance
Electric Power
Measuring Electric Power and Energy
Chapter Summary

DC Circuits Relationships
Introduction
Series Circuit
Resistors in Series
Parallel Circuit
Resistors in Parallel
Combined Series and Parallel Resistors
Rule of Series Circuits
Rule of Parallel Circuits
Examples of Combined Circuits
Voltage Divider
Capacitors in DC Circuits
Inductors in DC Circuits
Power in DC Circuits
Chapter Summary

DC Motors and Generators
Introduction
Magnetism
Electricity and Magnetism
Lorentz Force
DC Machines
DC Sources in Parallel
Efficiency
Chapter Summary

AC Circuits Relationships
Introduction
Vectors
AC Circuit Measurements and Values
Resistors in AC Circuits
Inductors in AC Circuits
Capacitors in AC Circuits
Power in Inductors and Capacitors
Phase Difference
Power in AC
Series RLC Circuits
Parallel RLC Circuits
Voltage Divider in AC Circuits
Resonance
Power Factor Correction
Chapter Summary
Advanced Learning: AC Problem Solving Using Complex Numbers
Three-Phase Systems
Introduction
Three-Phase Electricity
Properties of a Three-Phase System
Use of Vectors in Three-Phase Electricity
Chapter Summary
Advanced Learning: Mathematical Representation of Three-Phase Systems

Transformers
Introduction
An Illustrative Example
Single-Phase Transformer
Ideal Transformer
Autotransformer and Isolation Transformer
Transformer Mounting
Three-Phase Transformers
Transformer Applications and Power Rating
Transformer Efficiency
Transformer Circuits
Chapter Summary
Advanced Learning: Real Transformer Circuit Analysis

AC Motors and Generators
Introduction
Main Categories of AC Machines
Rotating Magnetic Field
Synchronous Machines
Asynchronous or Induction Machines
Induction Motors
Other Motors
Notes on Application of Electric Machines
Chapter Summary

Electric Power Transmission and Distribution
Introduction
Power Transmission and Distribution
Electric Cables
Fault Detection and Protective Measures
Transmission Lines
Rules for Network Problems
High Voltage Direct Current Transmission
Chapter Summary
Advanced Learning: Positive, Negative, and Zero Sequence for Fault Analysis

Electronic Components, Functions, and Devices
Introduction
Electric and Electronic Devices
Categories of Electronic Devices
Semiconductor Materials
Functions of Electronic Devices
Blending DC and AC Signals
Chapter Summary

Diode
Introduction
PN Junction
Forward and Reverse Bias
Diode
Diode Characteristic Curve
Testing a Diode
Diodes in a Circuit
Diodes in Series and Parallel
Light-Emitting Diode
Chapter Summary

Regulating Diodes and Applications
Introduction
Zener Diode
Zener Diode Application
Application Examples
Zener Diodes in Series and Parallel
Diac and Triac
Presentation of Electronic Circuits Diagrams
Chapter Summary

Diode Rectifiers and Filters
Introduction
Half-Wave Rectifier
Full-Wave Rectifier
Bridge Rectifier
Ripple and Filters
Three-Phase Rectifiers
Small DC Power Supplies
More on Filters
Chapter Summary

Transistor
Introduction
Junction Transistor
Transistor Size and Packaging
Transistors Connection and Biasing Configuration
Modes of Operation
How a Transistor Works
Transistor Properties
Transistor Main Functions
Transistor as a Switch
Transistor Amplifier
Biasing a Transistor
Chapter Summary

Transistor Circuits
Introduction
Transistor Characteristic Curves
Common-Emitter Amplifier
Common-Base Amplifier
Common-Collector Amplifier
Current Gain, Voltage Gain, and Power Gain in Amplifiers
Amplifier Classes
Input and Output Impedance
Coupling and Impedance Matching
Testing Transistors
Chapter Summary

Switchable Diodes and Gated Transistors
Introduction
Field Effect Transistor
FET Types
JFET
MOSFET
Testing a MOSFET
Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor
Thyristor
Chapter Summary

Power Converters
Introduction
Inverter
Thyristor-Based Three-Phase Rectifier
Thyristor-Based Three-Phase Inverter
Power Converter
Pulse Width Modulation
Application in Motor Drives
Chapter Summary

Electronic Power Converters in Wind Turbines and Solar Photovoltaic Systems
Introduction
Wind Turbine Basics
Solar Energy Systems
AC-to-AC Power Converters
Synchronous Generator for a Wind Turbine
Squirrel Cage Induction Generator
Doubly Fed Induction Generator
Chapter Summary

Digital Electronics
Introduction
Number Systems
Number Conversion and Precision
One’s and Two’s Complement
Number Display and BCD
Sampling Analog Variables
Chapter Summary

Logic Circuits and Applications
Introduction
Logic Gates
Logic Gate Math Functions
Boolean Algebra
K-Maps
Chapter Summary

Encoders and Decoders
Introduction
Flip-Flop
Latch
Flip-Flop Applications
Code Conversion
Multiplexer and Demultiplexer
Chapter Summary

### Biography

Ahmad Hemami is an adjunct professor at McGill University, Montreal, Québec, Canada, and a professor at Iowa Lakes College, Estherville, Iowa, USA. He holds a BS from the University of Tehran, Iran, and a Ph.D from the University of Salford, UK. Dr. Hemami’s extensive experience includes teaching, engineering practice, and research. He has taught several undergraduate and graduate engineering courses, supervised numerous MS and Ph.D students, served as an industry consultant, and published his research in more than 100 journals and conference proceedings.

"… a really great introductory textbook and an ideal support for undergraduate and graduate courses in renewable energy systems, electrical engineering, and electronics. The fundamental principles are clearly and expertly explained and the effective use of examples peppered throughout the text makes this an interesting and enjoyable learning tool. The scope is broad, ranging from a discussion of the supporting mathematics and materials science to components and systems, and as a result the reader is given a good grounding in the basics while at the same time getting exposure to major topics."
—Stephen Daniels, Dublin City University, Ireland

"… great information about energy and electrical systems. We will definitely consider this book for our fall 2016 class cycle. It is great to see a book with so much information about renewables in one place."
—Ward Malcolm, Dean of Career, Technical and Workforce Education at Eastern West Virginia Community and Technical College, Moorefield, USA

" … the major strength of the book is that this book delivers the material in a very simple way that everyone can understand the topic; yet it is very detailed that even a beginner student can be very competent on the subject field. All the schematics and diagrams used in this book are very descriptive and they speak for themselves. Even a very difficult to understand concept that is hard to imagine is delivered successfully with the outstanding diagrams used in the book. I haven’t seen a better alternative so far. I think diagrams used here are the best ones if you don’t have the opportunity to see the real thing."
—Omer C. Onar, Oak Ridge National Laboratory