1st Edition

Electroanalysis with Carbon Paste Electrodes

    666 Pages 95 Color Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Because of their simple preparation and low expense, carbon pastes and carbon paste electrodes are widely used in a myriad of instrumental measurements. With an emphasis on practical applications, Electroanalysis with Carbon Paste Electrodes provides a comprehensive overview of carbon paste electrodes. The text offers a comprehensive and unprecedentedly wide insight into the realm of the carbon paste material, culminating with a systematic presentation of all the methods and procedures applicable to the determination of a myriad of inorganic and organic substances when employing the individual types and variants of carbon paste-based electrodes, sensors, and detectors.

    With a lengthy list of up-to-date references, this handy reference source includes many typical as well as specific experimental data, serving as a practical guide for daily laboratory work. More specifically, this monograph, the first of its kind, contains:

    • All types of carbon pastes in contemporary classification ,with particular emphasis on chemically and biologically modified configurations, or newly propagated mixtures made of alternate components
    • Details on the preparation of carbon pastes, with a number of practical hints and recommendations, including some hitherto unreported approaches
    • Practical guidance for experimental laboratory work on the preparation and characterization of carbon pastes, including guides on the testing of newly made mixtures
    • Individual methods and procedures for the determination of hundreds of various substances in a complete survey of applications
    • Nearly 3300 original references presented as full-text citations

    Introduction to Electrochemistry and Electroanalysis with Carbon Paste-Based Electrodes
    Historical Survey and Glossary
    Field in Publication Activities and Literature

    Carbon Pastes and Carbon Paste Electrodes
    Carbon Paste as the Binary Mixture
    Classification of Carbon Pastes and Carbon Paste Electrodes
    Construction of Carbon Paste Holders

    Carbon Paste as the Electrode Material
    Physicochemical Properties of Carbon Pastes
    Electrochemical Characteristics of Carbon Pastes
    Testing of Unmodified CPEs
    Interactions at Carbon Pastes

    Chemically Modified Carbon Paste Electrodes
    Classifications of Chemical Modification
    Reasons and Strategies for Modification
    Types of Chemical Modifiers
    Modeling and Testing of Chemically Modified CPEs

    Biologically Modified Carbon Paste Electrodes
    Biosensors and Electrodes for Biological Analysis
    Modification Strategies (for Biosensors)

    Instrumental Measurements with Carbon Paste Electrodes, Sensors, and Detectors
    Electrochemical Techniques: Fundamentals and Basic Principles
    Nonelectrochemical Techniques

    Electrochemical Investigation with Carbon Paste Electrodes and Sensors
    Studies on Electrode Reactions and Mechanisms of Organic Compounds in the Early Era of Carbon Pastes
    Electrochemistry of Solids
    Electrochemistry In Vivo
    Special Studies with Carbon Pastes

    Electroanalysis with Carbon Paste–Based Electrodes, Sensors, and Detectors
    Determination of Inorganic Ions, Complex Species, and Molecules
    Determination of Organic Substances and Environmental Pollutants
    Pharmaceutical and Clinical Analysis
    Determination of Biologically Important Compounds

    In Place of Conclusion: Carbon Paste Electrodes for Education and Practical Training of Young Scientists

    Appendix A: R.N. Adams: A Profile of the Carbon Paste Inventor and a Great Scientist
    Appendix B: List of Dissertation Theses Defended in the Authors’ Countries and Dealing with Carbon Paste–Based Electrodes, Sensors, and Detectors
    Appendix C: Alternate Titles of Chinese, Japanese, and Korean Journals or Periodicals (Cited in This Book and Given in Alphabetical Order)


    Ivan Svancara and Alain Walcarius are with the Faculty of Chemical Technology at the University of Pardubice in the Czech Republic. Kurt Kalcher is with the Institut fur Chemie - Analytische Chemic at Karl-Franzens-Universitat Graz in Austria. Alain Walcarius is with the Laboratoire de Chimie Physique et Microbiologie pour l'Environnement (LCPME), France.

    Congratulations to the authors of this monograph for documenting the developments and applications of CPE and allowing this introduction about the inventor, the late Professor Ralph N. Adams. I end with what he told his students – "If you love what you are doing, the rewards will take care of themselves..."
    —From the Foreword, Theodore "Ted" Kuwana, Lawrence, Kansas, USA