Electrolytes: Supramolecular Interactions and Non-Equilibrium Phenomena in Concentrated Solutions, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Electrolytes

Supramolecular Interactions and Non-Equilibrium Phenomena in Concentrated Solutions, 1st Edition

By Georgii Georgievich Aseyev

CRC Press

363 pages | 35 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781482249385
pub: 2014-11-24
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Description

Electrolyte solutions play a key role in traditional chemical industry processes as well as other sciences such as hydrometallurgy, geochemistry, and crystal chemistry. Knowledge of electrolyte solutions is also key in oil and gas exploration and production, as well as many other environmental engineering endeavors. Until recently, a gap existed between the electrolyte solution theory dedicated to diluted solutions, and the theory, practice, and technology involving concentrated solutions.

Electrolytes: Supramolecular Interactions and Non-Equilibrium Phenomena in Concentrated Solutions addresses concentrated electrolyte solutions and the theory of structure formation, super and supramolecular interactions, and other physical processes with these solutions—now feasible due to new precision measurement techniques and experimental data that have become available.

The first part of the book covers the electrolyte solution in its stationary state—electrostatic, and various ion-dipole, dipole-dipole, and mutual repulsion interactions. The second part covers the electrolyte solution in its nonstationary status, in the case of forced movement between two plates—electrical conductivity, viscosity, and diffusion. This theoretical framework allows for the determination of activity coefficients of concentrated electrolyte solutions, which play a key role in many aspects of electrochemistry and for developing novel advanced processes in inorganic chemical plants.

Table of Contents

SUPRAMOLECULAR INTERACTIONS

Historic Introduction

Early Views on the Process of Ion Solvation in Electrolyte Solutions

Evolution of Solvation Concepts and Structural State of Electrolyte Solutions

References

Supramolecular Designing of a Host

Stages of Formation of Approaches to the Concept of Long-Range Supermolecular Forces

The Principles of Supramolecular-Thermodynamic Approach

Quantum Statistics of Supermolecular Interactions

Supramolecular Host–Guest Structure Distribution Function

Rate of Distribution Function Change in Time

Supramolecular Interactions Potential

Solving the Equation for Potential in the Absence of External Fields

References

Thermodynamics of Supermolecular and Supramolecular Interactions

Supermolecular–Thermodynamic Interactions of Activity Coefficients

Guest Activity Function

Minimum Interaction Distance of Electrostatic Forces among Ions in the Host Solution

Distance between Ions in the Host Solution

Dielectric Permittivity of Host–Guest Solution

References

Supermolecular Interactions

Van der Waals Components of Attraction Potential

Perturbation Method

Interaction Energy in the First Approximation of the Perturbation Method

Evaluation of the Energy of Van der Waals Interactions in Structure Formation of the Guest–Host Solution

Ion–Dipole Interactions in the First Approximation of the Perturbation Theory

Weak Chemical Interactions in the Host Solution

Short-Range Repulsion in the Host Solution

Adjustment of Potential of Supramolecular Interactions

Thermodynamics of Water Activity Interaction

References

NON-EQUILIBRIUM PHENOMENA

Electrical Conductivity

Historic Preamble

Theories of Electrical Conductivity

General Continuity Equation for Electrolyte Solutions in Perturbed State

Electrical Conductivity: General Theory of Supermolecular Forces

Relaxation Force

Electrophoretic Retardation

Electrical Conductivity of Electrolytes at Weak Electric Fields and Low Frequencies

Results and Their Discussion

References

Viscosity

Semiempirical Approaches to Viscosity Determination

Viscosity Theory

General Theory of Viscosity

Solution Viscosity Coefficient (General Solving)

Solution Viscosity Coefficient (Final Solving)

References

Diffusion Coefficient

About Diffusion Theories

Diffusion Flows

General Theory of Supermolecular Forces in Diffusion Flows

Diffusion Coefficient (Final Solution)

References

Conclusion

About the Author

Georgiy Aseyev is department head at the Kharkov State Academy of Culture in Kharkov, Ukraine. He is also a professor and at the International Informatization Academy, which is associated with the UN. He obtained a doctorate in engineering sciences from the Kharkov Scientific-Research and Design Institute of Inorganic Chemistry. His research areas of interest include theoretical chemistry, nanotechnology, supramolecular interactions in concentrated electrolyte solutions, and artificial intelligence. Dr. Aseyev has written hundreds of magazine articles and dozens of monographs and books.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013050
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Physical & Theoretical
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical