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1st Edition

Electromagnetic Fields in Biological Systems

Edited By

James C. Lin



ISBN 9781439859995
Published October 11, 2011 by CRC Press
460 Pages 129 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

As wireless technology becomes more sophisticated and accessible to more users, the interactions of electromagnetic fields with biological systems have captured the interest not only of the scientific community but also the general public. Unintended or deleterious biological effects of electromagnetic fields and radiation may indicate grounds for health and safety precautions in their use. Spanning static fields to terahertz waves, Electromagnetic Fields in Biological Systems explores the range of consequences these fields have on the human body.

With contributions by an array of experts, topics discussed include:

  • Essential interactions and field coupling phenomena, highlighting their importance in research on biological effects and in scientific, industrial, and medical applications
  • Electric field interactions in cells, focusing on ultrashort, pulsed high-intensity fields
  • The effect of exposure to naturally occurring and human-made static, low-frequency, and pulsed magnetic fields in biological systems
  • Dosimetry or coupling of extremely low frequency (ELF) fields into biological systems and the historical developments and recent trends in numerical dosimetry
  • Mobile communication devices and the dosimetry or coupling of radiofrequency (RF) radiation into the human body
  • Exposure and dosimetry associated with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectroscopy
  • Available data on the interaction of terahertz radiation with biological tissues, cells, organelles, and molecules

There is great potential for communication, industrial, scientific, and medical use of electromagnetic fields and radiation. To help advance knowledge of the biological effects of such fields and to exploit their potential medical applications, this book highlights critical issues relating to their effects on living systems.

Table of Contents

Coupling of Electromagnetic Fields into Biological Systems, James C. Lin
Physical Laws Governing Electromagnetic Phenomena
Electromagnetic Properties of Tissue
Electromagnetic Phenomena at Tissue Interfaces
Static Electric and Magnetic Fields
Time-Varying Electromagnetic Fields
Low-Frequency and Quasistatic Electric and Magnetic Fields
Propagation of Electromagnetic Energy from Antennas
Coupling of Quasistatic Electric and Magnetic Fields
Radiofrequency Fields and Energy Deposition
Radiofrequency Dosimetry and Energy Absorption in Anatomical Models
Coupling of Short and Ultra-Wideband Pulses into the Human Body
Coupling of Millimeter and Terahertz Waves

Pulsed Electric Fields in Biological Cells and Membranes, R. P. Joshi and K. H. Schoenbach
Interaction of Electric Fields with Living Cells
Modeling Electric Fields in Cells
Temperature Changes Due to Electric Pulsing
Role of the Biological Dielectric Properties
Extracting Parameters from Cell Suspensions

Static, Low-Frequency, and Pulsed Magnetic Fields in Biological Systems, Shoogo Ueno and Hideyuki Okano
Mechanisms of Biological Effects and Biomagnetic Phenomena of Magnetic Fields
Experimental Studies on Magnetic Field Effects
Response of Plants and Microorganisms to Magnetic Fields

Interaction of Extremely Low–Frequency Electromagnetic Fields with Biological Systems, Tsukasa Shigemitsu and Kenichi Yamazaki
EMF and Biological Systems
Numerical Dosimetry Approaches
Development of Modeling of the Human Body
Coupling and Dosimetry of ELF EMF with Biological Systems

Mobile Communication Fields in Biological Systems, Konstantina S. Nikita and Asimina Kiourti
Numerical Dosimetry
Experimental Dosimetry
Exposure Assessment

Medical Devices and Systems Exposure and Dosimetry, N. Leitgeb
Medical Therapy
Medical Diagnosis
Electromagnetic Compatibility

Terahertz Radiation: Sources, Applications, and Biological Effects, Gerald J. Wilmink and Jessica E. Grundt 
Terahertz Sources: Conventional and State-of-the-Art
Terahertz Applications
Terahertz Skin Interactions
Biological Effects at a Cellular and Biomolecular Level

Index

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Editor(s)

Biography

Dr. James C. Lin is a professor of electrical engineering, bioengineering, physiology, and biophysics at the University of Illinois in Chicago, where he has served as head of the Bioengineering Department, director of the Robotics and Automation Laboratory, and director of special projects in the College of Engineering.