1st Edition

Electromagnetic Fields of Wireless Communications: Biological and Health Effects

Edited By Dimitris J. Panagopoulos Copyright 2023
    544 Pages 14 Color & 42 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    544 Pages 14 Color & 42 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This book reflects contributions from experts in biological and health effects of Radio Frequency (RF)/Microwave and Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) Electromagnetic Fields (EMFs) used in wireless communications (WC) and other technological applications. Diverse topics related to physics, biology, pathology, epidemiology, and plausible biophysical and biochemical mechanisms of WC EMFs emitted by antennas and devices are included. Discussions on the possible consequences of fifth generation (5G) mobile telephony (MT) EMFs based on available data and  correlation between anthropogenic EMF exposures and various pathological conditions such as infertility, cancer, electro-hypersensitivity, organic and viral diseases, and effects on animals, plants, trees, and environment are included. It further illustrates individual and public health protection and the setting of biologically- and epidemiologically-based exposure limits.


    • Covers biological and health effects, including oxidative stress, DNA damage, reproductive effects of mobile phones/antennas (2G, 3G, 4G), cordless phones, Wi-Fi, etc.
    • Describes effects induced by real-life exposures by commercially available devices/antennas.
    • Illustrates biophysical and biochemical mechanisms that fill the gap between recorded experimental and epidemiological findings and their explanations.
    • Explores experimental and epidemiological facts and mechanisms of action. Provides explanations and protection tips.
    • Transcends across physical, biological, chemical, health, epidemiological, and environmental aspects of the topic.

    This book is aimed at senior undergraduate/graduate students in physics, biology, medicine, bioelectromagnetics, electromagnetic biology, non-ionizing radiation biophysics, telecommunications, electromagnetism, bioengineering, and dosimetry.

    A. Physical properties of Wireless Communication Electromagnetic Fields

    Chapter 1: Defining Wireless Communication (WC) Electromagnetic Fields (EMFs): A. Polarization is a principal property of all man-made EMFs. B. Modulation, Pulsation, and Variability are inherent parameters of WC EMFs. C. Most man-made EMF-exposures are Non-Thermal. D. Measuring incident EMFs is more relevant than SAR. E. All man-made EMFs emit continuous waves, not photons. F. Differences from natural EMFs. Interaction with matter Panagopoulos DJ, Karabarbounis A, and Lioliousis C

    B. Biological and Health effects of Wireless Communication Electromagnetic Fields

    Chapter 2: Public Health implications of exposure to Wireless Communication Electromagnetic Fields
    Miller AB

    Chapter 3: Oxidative Stress induced by Wireless Communication Electromagnetic Fields
    Yakymenko I, and Tsybulin O

    Chapter 4: Genotoxic Effects of Wireless Communication Electromagnetic Fields
    Jagetia GC

    Chapter 5: DNA and Chromosome Damage in human and animal cells, induced by Mobile Telephony EMFs and other stressors
    Panagopoulos DJ

    Chapter 6: The impacts of Wireless Communication Electromagnetic Fields on human reproductive biology
    Miller K, Harrison K, Martin JH, Nixon B, and De Iuliis GN

    Chapter 7: Effects of Wireless Communication Electromagnetic Fields on human and animal brain activity
    Mohammed HS

    Chapter 8: Electrohypersensitivity as a worldwide man-made electromagnetic pathology: a review of the medical evidence
    Belpomme D, Irigaray P

    Chapter 9: Carcinogenic effects of non-thermal exposure to Wireless Communication Electromagnetic Fields
    Yakymenko I, and Tsybulin O

    C. Effects on Wild Life and Environment

    Chapter 10: Effects of man-made and especially Wireless Communication Electromagnetic Fields on Wild Life
    Balmori A

    D. Biophysical and Biochemical Mechanisms of action

    Chapter 11: Mechanism of Ion Forced-Oscillation and Voltage-Gated Ion Channel Dysfunction by Polarized and Coherent Electromagnetic Fields
    Panagopoulos DJ

    Chapter 12: Electromagnetic Field-induced dysfunction of Voltage-Gated Ion Channels, Oxidative Stress, DNA damage and related pathologies Panagopoulos DJ, Yakymenko I, and Chrousos GP


    Dimitris J. Panagopoulos, Electromagnetic Fields - Biophysicist, was born in Athens, Greece, where he lives and works. He has a Degree in Physics and a PhD in Biophysics both from the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (NKUA). He completed his PhD on the Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields (EMFs) in 2001, and two post-doctoral studies on the biological effects of microwaves (2004), and on cell death induction by Wireless Communication (WC) EMFs (2006). He worked as a post-doctoral researcher and lecturer at the Department of Cell Biology and Biophysics, NKUA, (2002-2014), where he gave undergraduate and graduate lectures on Radiation- and EMF-Biophysics, and performed research on the effects of various types of EMFs in experimental animals. During 2014-2018 he worked as a research associate at the National Centre for Scientific Research "Demokritos", Laboratory of Health Physics, Radiobiology and Cytogenetics, researching effects of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation on human cells. Since 2018 he has been working as a researcher at the Choremeion Research Laboratory, Medical School, NKUA. His experiments were among the first that showed damaging effects of man-made EMFs on DNA and reproduction. He has also shown beneficial effects on reproduction of EMFs mimicking natural ones. His theory on the biophysical mechanism of action of EMFs on cells is considered the most valid amongst all proposed theories and is cited by nearly 700 scientific publications. This theory has explained the sensing of upcoming earthquakes by animals and the sensing of upcoming thunderstorms by sensitive individuals through the action of the natural EMFs associated with these phenomena. The same theory has recently explained the induction of oxidative stress in cells by EMF-exposure. Dr. Panagopoulos has shown why the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) is not a proper metric for non-thermal effects, why man-made (totally polarized) EMFs are damaging while natural EMFs are vital, and why highly varying real-life exposures from mobile phones and other WC devices are significantly more damaging than simulated exposures with invariable parameters. He has also shown that genetic damage caused by WC EMFs occurs similarly in human and animal cells. Dr. Panagopoulos has also argued that photons are strictly wave-packets, not particles of light, and that man-made electromagnetic radiation does not consist of photons but of continuous "classical" polarized waves, in contrast to what has been postulated by quantum physicists in the past 100 years. He is the first or sole author in more than 40 peer-reviewed highly influential scientific publications, which are referenced more than 1600 times by other scientific publications and has been included in the Top 10 cited authors by the Mutation Research journals.