Electronics in Textiles and Clothing: Design, Products and Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Electronics in Textiles and Clothing

Design, Products and Applications, 1st Edition

By L. Ashok Kumar, C. Vigneswaran

CRC Press

426 pages | 281 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2015-11-23
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Electronics in Textiles and Clothing: Design, Products and Applications covers the fundamentals of electronics and their applications in textiles and clothing product development. The book emphasizes the interface between electronics and textile materials, detailing diverse methods and techniques used in industrial practice. It explores ways to integrate textile materials with electronics for communicating/signal transferring applications. It also discusses wearable electronic products for industrial applications based on functional properties and end users in sectors such as defense, medicine, health monitoring, and security.

The book details the application of wearable electronics and outlines the textile fibres used for wearable electronics. It includes coverage of different yarn types and fabric production techniques and modifications needed on conventional machines for developing fabrics using specialty yarns. The coverage includes problems faced during the production processes and their solutions. Novel sensors, specialty yarns, Body Sensor Networks (BSN), and the development of flexible solar tents used for power generation round out the coverage. The book then concludes with discussions of the development of fabric-integrated wearable electronic products for use in mobihealth care systems, smart cloth for ambulatory remote monitoring, electronic jerkin, heating gloves, and pneumatic gloves.

Based mainly on the authors’ projects and field work, the book takes a practical approach to the issues involved in designing electronic circuits and their possibilities for signals, giving you an understanding of problems that can occur when executing the work. It also describes the future scope of e-textiles using conductive materials for medical, healthcare textile product development, and safety aspects. The text provides guidelines for the development of wearable textiles, giving a new meaning to the term human-machine symbiosis in the context of pervasive/invisible computing.

Table of Contents

Wearable Electronics


Textiles and Information Processing

Chronology of Wearable Electronics

Application Groups

Need for Wearable Electronics

Textile Fibres Used for Wearable Electronics Applications

Sensing Fabrics

Wearable Sensors

Biomonitoring Devices

Interfacing Circuits and Garments

Future Research Scope



Textile Fabric Development for Wearable Electronics

Introduction – Core Spun Yarn Production Methods

Development of Cotton-Wrapped Nichrome Yarn

Development of POF Fabric

Development of POF Yarn

Development of Yarn for Teleintimation Fabric



Design of Circuits and Integration into Wearable Fabrics


Microelectronics for Smart Textiles

Flexible Wearable Electronics

Wearable Motherboard

Vital Signs Monitoring

Voice Monitoring|

Design of Heat-Generating Circuit for Nichrome Fabric

Design of Communication Circuit for Copper Core Conductive Fabric

Design of Signal-Transferring Circuit for Optical Core Conductive Fabric

Development of Illuminated System for POF Fabric

Design of Bullet Wound Intimation Circuit for Teleintimation Fabric

Circuits for Smart Shirt

Future Research Scope



Product Development Using Wearable Electronic Integrated Fabrics


Heating Garment

Development of Communication Garment Using Copper Core Conductive Fabric

Development of Illuminated Garment

Development of Teleintimation Garment

Smart Shirt

E-Textile Craft

Future Research Scope



Software Development for Wearable Electronics


Biosensor Design and MEMS Integration

Health-Care-Monitoring System

Wireless Sensor Networks for Health Monitoring

Wearable and Wireless Brain–Computer Interface

Brain–Computer Interface

Soldier’s Status-Monitoring Software Using Visual Basic

Soldier’s Status-Monitoring Software Using LabVIEW

Communication System between Garment and SSM Software

GPRS-Based Soldier-Tracking System

Future Research Scope



Design and Development of Flexible Solar Cell's Integration in Clothing


Electronic Display Technologies

Capacitive Sensing Fabrics and Garments

Solar Cell Embedded on Clothing

Flexible Solar Cell Technologies

Clothing-Integrated Photovoltaics

Integration of Garment and Solar Panel

Integration of Tent and Solar Cells

Finishing and Integration of Flexible Solar Array

Testing of Flexible Solar Cell

Testing of Charge Controller

Testing of Inverter

Testing of Cloth-Integrated Flexible Solar Cells

Integration and Testing

Solar Jacket

Future Research Scope



Garment-Integrated Wearable Electronic Products


Wearable Mobihealth Care System

Smart Clothes for Ambulatory Remote Monitoring

Development of Electronic Jerkin

Smart Textile Applications

Development of Heating Gloves

Development of Pneumatic Gloves

Gloves and Mobile Device: Product Design

Future Research Scope




About the Authors

Dr L Ashok Kumar Professor, in Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, India and he has completed his graduate programme in Electrical and Electronics Engineering. He did his post graduation in Electrical Machines as his major. He also completed his MBA with Specialization HRD. He has completed his PhD in Wearable Electronics. He has been a teaching faculty at PSG College of Technology, India since 2000. After the completion UG Degree he joined as Project Engineer in Serval Paper Boards Ltd., Coimbatore (now renamed as ITC unit, Kovai). He has been actively involved in numerous Government Sponsored Research Projects funded by DRDO, DSIR, CSIR, DST, L-RAMP, Villgro and AICTE. He has published many Technical papers in reputed National, International Journals and Conferences. He has visited many countries for presenting his research work and industry consultancy activities. He has been selected as the Visiting Professor in University of Arkansas, USA. He got trained in Germany for installing Grid connected and stands alone Solar PV systems. He is a registered Charted Engineer from IE (India). Dr L Ashok Kumar is a recipient of many National Awards from IE, ISTE, STA, NFED, etc. He is a member of various National and International Technical bodies like IE, ISTE, IETE, TSI, BMSI, ISSS, SESI, SSI, CSI & TAI. The author has received several awards namely, Young Engineer Award& Dr Triguna Charan Sen Prize, P.K.Das Memorial Best Faculty Award, Prof. K Arumugam National Award, Best Researcher Award and Outstanding Educator and Best Researcher Award. His research areas include, Wearable Electronics, Solar PV & Wind Energy Systems, Textile Control Engineering, Smart Grid, Smart Grid and Power Electronics & Drives.

Dr C Vigneswaran is working as Associate Professor in Department of Fashion Technology, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, India since 2004. He has completed his M.Tech (Textile Technology) from PSG College of Technology in the area of Wearable Electronic field and PhD in Textile Technology from Anna University, Chennai, India in the area of Bioprocessing of Organic cotton textiles. He has received State First in Diploma in Man Made Fibre Technology during 1992-95; Best Student Award, awarded by Lee Educational Trust, U.K, during 79th World Textile Conference organized by The Textile Institute, U.K. in the year 1998; ‘PRECITEX AWARD’ Best student in spinning by Precitex Rubber Industries, Mumbai during the year 1998-99; Dr Triguna Charan Sen Prize Award awarded by The Institution of Engineers (India), Kolkata for the Best Technical Research Paper in Textile Discipline for the year 2008-09 during the 23rd Indian Engineering Congress, Warangal on 12 the December 2008; "Bharat Shiksha Ratan Award" Awarded by The Global Society for Health and Educational Trust, New Delhi for his excellence in the Academic field in Textiles on July 2010; and recently he received Young Engineer Award by The Institution of Engineers (India) in the Textile Engineering Discipline in the year 2012-13. He so far published 24 technical papers in National and International journals and 8 technical papers have been presented in the National and International level Technical Conferences. His areas of specialization are Fiber Science, Yarn Manufacturing, Garment Manufacturing Technology, Apparel Machinery and equipments and Apparel Costing. He is having a perfect blend of industrial and teaching experience over 12 years.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Electronics / General
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Engineering
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Textiles & Polymers