Between 1958 and 2008, the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere increased from 316 to 385 ppm. Continued increases in CO2 concentration will significantly affect long-term climate change, including variations in agricultural yields. Focusing on this critical issue, Elevated Carbon Dioxide: Impacts on Soil and Plant Water Relations presents research conducted on field-grown sorghum, winter wheat, and rangeland plants under elevated CO2. It describes specific results from pioneering experiments performed over a seven-year period in the Evapotranspiration Laboratory at Kansas State University, along with experiments appearing in peer-reviewed journal articles.
Select articles from the literature serve as examples in the text. For each paper discussed, the author includes the common and scientific name of the plant under investigation. For each experiment, the author provides the type of soil used (if given in the original article) and general conditions of the experiment. All references are carefully documented so that readers can easily find the original source.
The first chapter of the book deals with drought, the three types of photosynthesis, and how water moves through the soil–plant–atmosphere continuum. With a focus on soil, the next several chapters discuss the composition of the soil atmosphere, the interaction of elevated CO2 with physical factors that affect root growth, variable oxygen concentration of soil, and when the atmosphere above soil is elevated with CO2.
The author goes on to examine the use of carbon isotope ratios in plant science; the effects of elevated CO2 on plant water, osmotic, and turgor potentials; and stomata under elevated CO2, including stomatal conductance and density. The text also explains the effects of elevated CO2 on transpiration and evapotranspiration, explores historic
Table of Contents
Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: Drought. Elevated Carbon Dioxide in the Soil: Composition of the Soil Atmosphere. Elevated Carbon Dioxide in the Soil: Interaction with the Soil Physical Factors that Affect Root Growth. Elevated Carbon Dioxide in the Soil: Variable Oxygen Concentration and Root Growth. Elevated Carbon Dioxide in the Atmosphere: Interaction with the Soil Physical Factors that Affect Root Growth. Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: Root Growth. Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: Plant Water Potential, Osmotic Potential, and Turgor Potential. Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: Stomatal Conductance. Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: Stomatal Density. Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: Transpiration and Evapotranspiration. Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: Water Use Efficiency. Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: C3 and C4 Plants. Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: Plant Anatomy. Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: Phenology. Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: Growth and Yield. Epilogue. References. Index.
M.B. Kirkham is a professor in the Department of Agronomy at Kansas State University. Dr. Kirkham is an editorial board member of several journals, including Crop Science and Soil Science. Dr. Kirkham has authored or co-authored over 200 articles in scientific journals and has been a recipient of the Carl Sprengel Agronomic Research Award of the American Society of Agronomy and the Crop Science Research Award of the Crop Science Society of America. Kirkham is a graduate of Wellesley College, Massachusetts, USA.