Embodied Power explores dimensions of politics seldom addressed in political science, illuminating state practices that produce hierarchically-organized groups through racialized gendering—despite guarantees of formal equality. Challenging disembodied accounts of citizenship, the book traces how modern science and law produce race, gender, and sexuality as purportedly natural characteristics, masking their political genesis. Taking the United States as a case study, Hawkesworth demonstrates how diverse laws and policies concerning civil and political rights, education, housing, and welfare, immigration and securitization, policing and criminal justice create finely honed hierarchies of difference that structure the life prospects of men and women of particular races and ethnicities within and across borders. In addition to documenting the continuing operation of embodied power across diverse policy terrains, the book investigates complex ways of seeing that render raced-gendered relations of domination and subordination invisible. From common assumptions about individualism and colorblind perception to disciplinary norms such as methodological individualism, methodological nationalism, and abstract universalism, problematic presuppositions sustain mistaken notions concerning formal equality and legal neutrality that allow state practices of racialized gendering to escape detection with profound consequences for the life prospects of privileged and marginalized groups. Through sustained critique of these flawed suppositions, Embodied Power challenges central beliefs about the nature of power, the scope of state action, and the practice of liberal democracy and identifies alternative theoretical frameworks that make racialized-gendering visible and actionable.
- Demonstrates how understandings of politics change when the experiences of men and women of diverse classes, races, and ethnicities are placed at the center of analysis.
- Explains why race-neutral and gender-neutral policies fail to eliminate entrenched inequalities.
- Shows how accredited methods in political science (and the social sciences more generally) mask state practices that create and sustain racial and gender inequality.
- Traces how mistaken notions of biological determinism have diverted attention from political processes of racialization, gendering, and sexualization.
- Argues that the intersecting categories of race, class, gender, and sexuality are essential to all subfields of political science if contemporary power is to be studied systematically.
Table of Contents
1. Embodied Power 2. Conceptual Practices of Power 3. The Science and Politics of Bodies 4. From Race and Sex to Racialization, Gendering, and Sexualization 5. Ways of Seeing 6. Revisioning Power, Reclaiming Politics
Mary Hawkesworth is Distinguished Professor of Political Science and Women's and Gender Studies at Rutgers University.
As it challenges us to question taken-for-granted assumptions of our discipline, Embodied Power urges us to think beyond the constraints of conventional social science. Hawkesworth presents a convincing argument that until political science takes race, class and gender seriously it cannot fully understand contemporary politics. A must-read for scholars in all subfields of political science as well as those seeking more just solutions to today’s problems.
-- J. Ann Tickner, American UniversityThis book is a manifesto for intersectionality as a process-based form of analysis and way of seeing the world. Hawkesworth disposes of the mystifications that constitute the 'standard' methodologies of political science, but goes well beyond mere critique. Her work sets in place a practical alternative to all-too-familiar methodological individualisms and raced-gendered nationalisms.
-- Terrell Carver, University of Bristol
Once again, Mary Hawkesworth has crafted a lucid and compelling account of racing-gendering processes and the material occlusions and power relations they produce in the United States. Embodied Power belongs in the canon of political science and should be required reading for all political scientists. It certainly will be for all of my future students.
-- Ange-Marie Hancock, University of Southern California