Emergent Masculinities in the Pacific focuses on the plasticity and contingent nature of Pacific Island masculinities over the course of colonial and postcolonial histories. The several case histories concern the use of sports to recuperate but also refashion past masculinities in the name of contemporary masculine pride; the effects of market participation on younger males; how urbanisation and migration set the stage for experimenting with male gender and sexuality; the impacts of military and labour histories on local masculinities; masculinity and violence in war and gender violence; and structural violence and disruptions in male gender identity. Depicting contemporary Pacific Island societies as a space of gender invention and pluralism as indigenous gender regimes respond to the stimulations of transnational flows, the book asks a key historical question: Do emergent masculinities signal a rupture, or some continuity with, past masculinities? This book was originally published as a special double issue of The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Emergent Masculinities in the Pacific Aletta Biersack
1. Bati as Bodily Labour: Rethinking Masculinity and Violence in Fiji Geir Henning Presterudstuen and Dominik Schieder
2. Once were Warriors, now are Rugby Players? Control and Agency in the Historical Trajectory of the Māori Formulations of Masculinity in Rugby Domenica Gisella Calabrò
3. Inequality and Changing Masculinities Among the Gende in Papua New Guinea: The ‘Good’, the ‘Bad’ and the ‘Very Bad’ Laura Zimmer-Tamakoshi
4. Changing Generational Values and New Masculinities Amongst Smallholder Export Cash Crop Producers in Papua New Guinea Gina Koczberski and George N. Curry
5. Being ‘Like a Woman’: Fa’afāfine and Samoan Masculinity Johanna Schmidt
6. Men of War, Men of Peace: Changing Masculinities in Vanuatu Margaret Jolly
7. I Could Be the Last Man: Changing Masculinities in Enga Society Philip Gibbs
8. Masculine Sexuality, Violence and Sexual Exploitation in Micronesia Manuel Rauchholz
Aletta Biersack is Professor Emerita, Department of Anthropology, University of Oregon, USA. Her principal research continues to be among the Ipili speakers of the Papua New Guinea highlands. She has edited and co-edited several collections: Clio in Oceania (1991); Papuan Borderlands: Huli, Duna, and Ipili Perspectives on the Papua New Guinea Highlands (1995); Ecologies for Tomorrow: Reading Rappaport Today (1999); with J. Greenberg, Reimagining Political Ecology (2006); and with M. Jolly and M. Macintyre, Gender Violence and Human Rights: Seeking Justice in Fiji, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu (2016). Her current research interests include the dynamics of gold mining, gender transformations, witchcraft, and Christianities among Ipili speakers.
Martha Macintyre is an honorary Principal Research Fellow at the University of Melbourne, Australia and Adjunct Professor at the Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining at the University of Queensland, Australia. She has undertaken research in Papua New Guinea, and is the co-editor, with M. Jolly, of Family and Gender in the Pacific (1989); with M. Patterson, of Managing Modernity in the Western Pacific (2011); with A. Biersack and M. Jolly, of Gender Violence and Human Rights: Seeking Justice in Fiji, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu (2016); and with C. Spark, of Transformations of Gender in Melanesia (2017).