1st Edition

Empire and Popular Culture Volume II

Edited By John Griffiths Copyright 2022

    From 1830, if not before, the Empire began to permeate the domestic culture of Empire nations in many ways. From consumables, to the excitement of colonial wars, celebrations relating to events in the history of Empire, and the construction of Empire Day in the early Edwardian period, most citizens were encouraged to think of themselves not only as citizens of a nation but of an Empire. Much of the popular culture of the period presented Empire as a force for ‘civilisation’ but it was often far from the truth and rather, Empire was a repressive mechanism designed ultimately to benefit white settlers and the metropolitan economy.

    This four volume collection on Empire and Popular Culture contains a wide array of primary sources, complimented by editorial narratives which help the reader to understand the significance of the documents contained therein. It is informed by the recent advocacy of a ‘four-nation’ approach to Empire containing documents which view Empire from the perspective of England, Scotland Ireland and Wales and will also contain material produced for Empire audiences, as well as indigenous perspectives. The sources reveal both the celebratory and the notorious sides of Empire.

    This volume considers the ways in which ‘Empire’ permeated the British public sphere, exploring exhibitions, spectacle and entertainment.

    Volume 2

    Empire in the Public Sphere: Exhibition, Spectacle and Entertainment


    Headnote 1.

    1. Panorama of the Late War, The Berkshire Chronicle 30 December 1882, p. 5.


    Headnote 2

    2. ‘Diorama of the Ganges’, Portland Gallery, 316 Regent Street, Langham Place, Morning Advertiser 9th December 1850 p. 3.

    3. Penny Peep Show’, The Hereford Journal, 18th May 1867, p. 7


    Headnote 3

    4. ‘The Sale of Zulu Photographs’ North British Daily Mail, 30th October 1876, p.5.

    5. ‘Towner Gallery Exhibition’, in Eastbourne Chronicle, 11th April 1936, p. 13.

    Headnote 4

    6. Postcards: 1st King’s Dragoon Guards, Union Castle Line to South and East Africa, The South African Cricket Team 1935 Tour of England

    Headnote 5

    7. ‘In Carnegie’s Country’ in The North Star and Farmers’ Chronicle 16 April 1903, p. 6.

    Headnote 6

    8. ‘The Primrose League’ Morning Post, 26th December 1895, p. 2.

    9. T. J. Alldridge, ‘Exhibition of Lantern Slides’ in Journal the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol. 29. No. 1-2 (1899), pp. 64-65

    10. ‘India by Magic Lantern’ Pall Mall Gazette, 17th June 1886, p. 5

    Headnote 7.

    11. ‘War Notes for London: Yankee Realism’, The Lyttleton Times, 9th June 1900 p. 5.

    12. The Era, 22nd September 1900, p. 19.

    13. East London Observer, 2nd June 1900, p. 5.

    Headnote 8

    14. ‘The Productions of the Aborigines in the Exhibition’, Illustrated London News, 24th May 1851 pp.457-458


    Headnote 9

    15. ‘The Colonial Exhibition: India’, The Graphic, 15th May 1886, pp. 533-537


    Headnote 10

    16. Imre Kiralfy’s Empire of India Exhibition. 1895 Official Programme.


    Headnote 11

    17. ‘Savage South Africa at the Greater British Exhibition’, Dundee Advertiser, 15th May 1899, p.43.

    18. ‘Savage South Africa in Sheffield’, The Yorkshire Telegraph and Star, 16th April 1900, p.3

    Headnote 12

    19. The Imperial-International Exhibition, White City, 1909 .

    Headnote 13

    20. ‘Extraordinary Scenes at the Coronation Exhibition’, Framlingham Weekly News, 19th August 1911 p. 4

    Headnote 14

    21. ‘The Empire Exhibition: Wonders of Wembley’, in Belfast Telegraph 10th January, 1924 p. 7.

    22. ‘Pears Pageant of Beauty’, in Illustrated London News, 7th June 1924.


    Headnote 15

    23. A Souvenir of the Empire Exhibition Glasgow, 1938, pp.1-30.

    Headnote 16

    24. ‘Curious Case – The Globe in Leicester Square and the Australian Nuggets’, Hereford Journal, 3rd May 1854, p. 1.

    Headnote 17

    25. ‘New Features at Madam Tussaud’s Exhibition’ in St James’s Gazette, 22 December 1899

    26. ‘Madame Tussaud’s’ in The Stage, 4th August 1898, p. 3.

    27. ‘Studies in Wax: Some Masterpieces at Madam Tussauds’ in The Sketch, 3 January 1894, pp. 535-536.


    Headnote 18

    28. ‘Exhibition of Zulu Kaffirs’, in The Morning Advertiser, 17th May 1853.

    29. ‘Farini’s Friendly Zulus’ in The Penny Illustrated Paper, 14th February 1880 p. 98

    Headnote 19

    30. Advertisement for ‘Manders’ Grand National Star Menagerie’ in Maidstone and Kentish Journal, 12th September 1870 p. 5.

    31. The Cheshire Observer, 20th May 1899, p. 5.

    32. ‘Lions in the Way’, The Era, 23rd August 1890, p. 13.

    Headnote 20

    33. ‘"Krao" on View’ in The Freeman’s Journal, 18th September 1883, p. 5.


    Headnote 21

    34. ‘The Prince of Wales’s Presents’, Illustrated London News, 1 July 1876, p. 19

    35. Official Guide to the Brighton Public Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery 1908.

    36. Annual Report of the Committee of the Free Public Library. Museum, and Walker Art Gallery 1888, pp. 3-38.

    37. Lord Curzon and Bethnal Green Museum East London observer 1 September 1906, p. 5.

    Headnote 22

    38. ‘Mr Gordon Cumming’s South African Museum’, The Courant, 4th November 1852 p. 4.

    39. ‘Among The Trophies of a Mighty Hunter’, in Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic Review, 12th December 1896, pp. 587-590.


    Headnote 23

    40. Official Guide to Belle Vue Gardens Manchester 1900.

    Headnote 24

    41. Jessie Brown, or the Relief of Lucknow Written by Dion Boucicault, 1858.

    Headnote 25

    42. Review of ‘Human Nature’ in Theatre, June-December 1885, pp. 217-220.

    Headnote 26

    43. ‘Cuttings About Cannibal Carnival’, Theatre and Performance Archive V & A Museum, THM/9/4/5/3, 1937.

    Headnote 27

    44. ‘Music-Hall Patriotism’ in Pall Mall Gazette, 10 December 1899, p. 3.

    Headnote 28

    45. ‘Holloway Empire’ in Islington Gazette 4 December 1899, p.2.

    Headnote 29

    46. ‘Soldiers of the Queen’, in The Era, 16th December 1899 p.20.

    Headnote 30

    47. The War in Zululand, A.E. Cooke, British Library Lord Chamberlain’s Play and Day

    Headnote 31

    48. Programmes for ‘Moore and Burgess Minstrels, 33rd Year’ June 1898

    Headnote 32

    49. Henry ‘Box’ Brown, ‘Summer Assizes’ The Times, 30th July 1852, p.6.

    Headnote 33

    50. John Blockley, Jessie’s Dream; A Story of the Relief of Lucknow’, (reproduced with kind permission of the National Library of Australia)

    51. Sheet Music ‘Sons of the Empire March’, C.V. Barton, 1900.

    52. The Musical Times and Singing Class Circular, Vol. 34, No. 609 (Nov. 1, 1893), p. 663.

    W. S. Gilbert and A Sullivan, ‘Utopia Ltd’

    53. The Imperial Composer: Elgar. The Empire March (1924), Boosey and Hawkes

    (reproduced with Kind permission of the British Library, St. Pancras)

    54. ‘BBC Radio Times’ 16th May 1930 p. 411.

    55. Patriotic Concert Royal Albert Hall 1899, Courtesy Royal Albert Hall Archive, ref. RAHE/1/1899/7

    Headnote 34

    56. The Romance of Hine-Moa (1927)

    Headnote 35

    57. Sanders of the River, The Bystander, 13th March 1935, p.447.

    Headnote 36

    58. ‘The Lives of a Bengal Lancer’, in The Bystander, 6th February 1935, p.231.

    Headnote 37

    59. Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee Procession, June 1897

    Headnote 38

    60. S. C. Lomax, Festival of Empire: Souvenir of the Pageant of London (London: Bemrose and Sons, 1911), pp. 132-135; 147-160; 163-4.

    Headnote 39

    61. ‘Patriotic Carnivals in London’, in The Daily Telegraph, 12th April 1900, p. 4.


    John Griffiths