This is the first reference book to digest this vast cultural output and make it accessible to the English-speaking world. It contains nearly 1,200 entries written by an international team of specialists, to enable readers to explore a range of diverse and fascinating cultural subjects from prisons to rock groups, underground Christian churches to TV talk shows and radio hotlines. Experimental artists with names such as 'Big-Tailed Elephants' and 'The North-Pole Group' nestle between the covers alongside entries on lotteries, gay cinema, political jokes, sex shops, theme parks, 'New Authoritarians' and 'Little Emperors'.
While the focus of the Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture is on mainland China since 1980, it also includes longer, specially commissioned entries on various aspects of contemporary culture in Hong Kong and Taiwan. Including full and up-to-date references for further reading, this is an indispensable reference tool for all teachers and students of contemporary Chinese culture. It will also be warmly embraced as an invaluable source of cultural context by tourists, journalists, business people and others who visit China.
'It will serve as a welcome introduction to all facets of Chinese studies. Highly recommended.' - Library Journal
'Highly recommended for the reference sections of academic and larger public libraries, and a pleasure for the curious to dip into at random.' - Booklist
'An excellent reference work for anyone with an interest in contemporary Chinese culture.' - The China Journal
contemporary culture in Macao; contemporary culture in Singapore; Hong Kong, contemporary culture in; Taiwan, contemporary culture in; agriculture; ancestral/lineage shrines; architects; architectural journals; bridges (new); Buddhist monasteries and temples (Chinese); Buddhist monasteries and temples (Tibetan); cemeteries; churches; cities; community temples (urban and rural); cultural landscapes; cultural zones (urban); danwei (work units); Daoist temples (guan); department stores; development zones (urban); domestic space; foreign enclaves (urban); geography of disease; geography of health care; government architecture; highways (gaosu gonglu); hospitals; hotels; hukou residential permits; Internet cafes; libraries; migration and settlement patterns; monuments; mosques; museums; parks; Pei, I.M.; playgrounds; population (growth and distribution); prisons; Public Security Bureau; Renmin guangchang, Shanghai; residential districts (urban); restaurants; restoration districts (urban); retail and business districts (urban); ring roads; shopping malls; skyscrapers; squares; streets; theme parks; Three Gorges Project, cultural impact of; Tian'an men, Beijing; tombs; towns and townships; train stations; underground dwellings; urban districts; urban planning/renewal; urban settlement patterns; urban transportation patterns; vernacular architecture; village gates; villages; World Heritage Sites; 211 project; academies (Shuyuan: Zhongguo wenhua shuyuan; Yuehu shuyuan; Baihudong shuyuan; Taiwan E-e-hu shuyuan; etc.); Adult Education Institute (Chengren jiaoyu xueyuan); Beijing University; Central Academy of Fine Arts (Zhongyang meishu xueyuan); Central Nationalities Institute (Zhongyang minzu xueyuan); China People's University (Zhongguo renmin daxue); Chinese Academy of Sciences (Zhongguo kexue yuan); Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (Zhongguo shehui kexue yuan); Chinese University of Hong Kong; Chinese University of Science and Technology (Zhongguo keji daxue); college campus culture; college entrance examinations; Educational system: HK; educational system: PRC; educational system: Singapore; educational system: Taiwan; foreign students; Fudan University; higher education; Hong Kong University; hope project; HSK; intellectuals (and academics); literacy (and illiteracy); Lu Xun Literary Academy; memorization; metropolitan private schools; Ministry of Education; Ministry of Education; Nanjing University; Nankai University; National Defense University (Guofang daxue); national educational standards; Open University (dianshi daxue) and self-paced study and testing; Overseas Chinese University; physical education; Qinghua University; shetuan; student movements; student suicide; studying abroad; Taiwan National University; teaching (training and style); textbooks publishers; The Children's Palace (shaonian-gong); TOEFL (tofu) and GRE; Tsing-hua University, Taiwan; university BBS; village schools; Zhongshan University (Guangzhou); army style (including PLA and Red Guard clothing); beauty magazines; Beijing's silk-ally (xiushui jie); braids; campaign-poster designers; Chan, Amy (designer); Chang, Carole [Yu-ping] (b. 1969, Taiwan); Chen Xiang (designer) (b. 1969, mainland); cheongsam (qipao); chignon; Chinese fashion for foreigners; chukou zuan nei xiao (export reject items); clothing companies; cosmetic surgery; designer brands/labels (Japanese and Western); Dou, Stephane [Teng-huang] (b. 1969, Taiwan); ethnic costumes; fashion shows; graphic design; Guo Pei (designer) (b. 1967, mainland); hair (salons and changing styles); Han Feng designer (b. 1962, Nanjing/New York); He Yong; Hu Ya-chuan (b. 1965, Taiwan); Hung, Sophie (Taiwan); industrial design; interior design; Kitterick Company, Ltd; Lau, Peter; Leung, Charmaine (designer); Li, Ruby (designer); Mao and Sun Yatsen suits; models and modelling; Shanghai tang (and mainland rip-offs); silk industry; Sui, Anna (designer); Sun Jian (designer) (b. 1967, mainland); Tam, Vivienne (designer) (HK/NY); Tang, William (designer) (b. 1959, HK); Tangzhuang (Tang-style clothing); Teng, Yeohlee (designer); textile factories and sweatshops; Wan, Pacino (designer) (b. 1964, HK); Western fashion for Chinese; Yang Bingbing, designer (Beijing); actors; animation; Beijing Bastards ("Beijing Za Zhong", Zhang Yuan, dir., 1993); Beijing Film Academy (Beijing dianying xueyuan); Beijing Film Studio; censorship; Chan, Jackie (Chen Long: HK actor/director); Chen Kaige (director) (b. 1952, Beijing); Chen, Joan (Chen Chong, b. 1961, Shanghai; actress/director); Cheng Jihua (b. 1921) (critic, historian, director, actor); Cheung, Leslie (Zhang Guorong, b. 1956, actor, pop singer); Cheung, Maggie (Zhang Manyu, b. 1964, HK actor); children's feature films; China Children's Film Studio (est. 1981); China Film Art Research Center/China Film Archive; Chinese Film Association (NGO); Chow, Stephen; Dai Jinhua (critic); distribution; documentary filmmaking; Duan Jinchuan (independent video documentarist); End of Year Celebration Movies (Hesuipian); Feng Xiaogang (director); Fifth Generation of directors; film criticism (and journals); foreign co-productions; funding; Ge You (film and TV actor); Gong Li (actor) (b. 1966, Shenyang); He Jianjun (director); He Ping (director, b. 1957, Beijing); He Qun (5th Gen. dir., b. 1956, Beijing); Hou Hsiao-hsien (director) (b. 1947, Guangdong/ Taiwan); Hu Mei (b.1956, Beijing; 5th Gen. female dir.); Huang Jianxin (director, b. 1954, Xian); Huang Shuqin (female director; b. 1940, Guangdong); Huang tudi (Yellow earth); Huey, Victor (New York-based director, video-documentarist); I Graduated (dir. Shi Jian and Chen Jue, 1992); In the Heat of the Sun; independent (duli) films (closet 'chouti' or underground 'dixia' films); Jia Zhangke ('The Platform', 2000); Jian Wei; Jiang Wen (actor, director, screenwriter; b. 1963, Beijing); Jiang Yue (documentarist); Kwan, Stanley (Guan Jinpeng) (HK director); Law, Clara (Luo Zhuoyao, b. 1957, Macao) (HK female director); Lee, Ang (Li An, b. 1954, Taibei); Li Hong (female video documentarist); Li Shaobai; Li Shaohong (5th Gen. female director); Li Yimingi (critic, pro-6th Gen.); Liu Miaomiao (b. 1962, Ningxia; Hui) (5th Gen. female director); Liu Xiaoqing (b. 1951, Sichuan) (actress); Lou Ye (director); Lu Xuechang ('The Making of Steel', 1995, 'A Lingering Face', 2000); Ma Xiaoqing (actress); martial arts films; music videos; New Documentary Movement; Ning Ying (female director); Pan Hong (b. 1954, Shanghai) (actress); Parties A+B; Peng Xiaolian (5th Gen. female dir.); Samsara (dir. Huang Jianxin); Shanghai Film Studio; Shen Songshen (film educator); Sixth Generation of directors; Sun Zhou; The Operators (dir. Mi Jiashan, 1988); Tian Zhuangzhuang (b. 1952, Beijing) (director); Tiananmen Square (dirs. Shi Jian and Chen Yue, 1991); Tsai Ming-liang (director; b. 1958, Malaysia/ Taiwan); Wang Quan'an (director of Lunar Eclipse); Wang Tong (director, Taiwan); Wang Xiaoshuai (director); Wang Xiaoyan (b. 1959, Beijing/US); Wong Kar-Wai (Wang Jiawei, b. 1958); Wu Ming (dir.); Wu Nien-chen (screenwriter/dir., b. 1952, Taiwan); Wu Tianming (head of Xi'an Film Studio); Wu Wenguang (b. 1956, Yunnan); Xia Gang (b. 1953, Beijing); Xi'an Film Studio; Xie Fei (b. 1942, Yanan); Xie Jin; Yang, Edward (Yang Dechang); Yeoh, Michelle (b. 1962, Malaysia); Yim Ho; Youth Experimental Film Group (Qingnian shiyan dianying xiaozu); Zhang Jianya (b. 1951, Shanghai); Zhang Nuanxin; Zhang Yang (director); Zhang Yimou (b. 1950, Xian); Zhang Yimou (early movies); Zhang Yuan (b. 1963, Nanjing); Zhang Ziyi; Zhao Wei; Zhou Xiaowen (b. 1954, Beijing) (director); canteen culture; chefs; Chinese crepes (pancakes); chopsticks; cookery and cutlery; cultural etiquette; dim sum; dried-food specialities; dumplings; ethnic food (e.g. Muslim, Korean); fastfood (Chinese: traditional and Western clones); fastfood (Western: McDonalds, Kentucky, Pizza Hut, etc.); fresh-food markets; hard liquor; home cooking (jia chang cai); huoguo (hotpot, including Shuangyangrou); instant food; lunch boxes (fan he'r; biandang in Taiwan); Mao restaurants; maotai; medical foods; menus; new cookbooks/recipes; new cuisine; noodles (including Shoulamian, etc.); Peking Duck; pickled vegetables; pidan (century eggs); regional cuisines; restaurants; Shaoxing wine; supermarkets; tea houses/gardens; Wuliang ye; Ye xiao markets; yexiao (night markets); acupuncture; aphrodesiacs; barefoot doctors; contraception; culture-bound syndromes; doctors; ethnic medicine (esp. Tibetan and Uighur); handicaps and disabilities; herbal medicine and macrobiotics; HIV, Aids, and STDs; medical insurance/coverage; mental illness (e.g. psychology and psychiatry, faith-healing); morning exercises (zaocao), including taiji, disco, etc.; moxabustion; organ donation and transplantation; pharmacies (e.g. Chinese and Western); physical fitness and sport-clubs; public health care; qigong; reproductive health; weight (including fat kids); Western-style manufacture of Chinese medicine (Zhongyao Xizhi); accents (and shifting fashions); Austronesian language speakers (Gaoshan); Baihua/Guoyu (semi-colloquial language); Beijing Yuyan Wenhua Daxue; Cantonese; classical Chinese; computer input for Chinese; cultural code words and phrases of the 1980s and 1990s; curses and maledicta (e.g. ta made, wangba dan, hun dan, etc.); dialects (Shanghainese, Cantonese, Hokkien, Hakka, etc.); dictionaries (recent); double entendres (shuangguan yu); foreign language acquisition and teaching; foreign words; Guojia Yuyan Wenzi Gongzuo Weiyuanhui [Guojia Yuwei]; Hokkien; Indo-European language speakers (Tajiks, Russians, etc.); language and gender; language fever (yuyan re); language policies; neologisms; onomatopoeia; political slogans; Putonghua (standard Mandarin Chinese); romanization (Pinyin, Wade-Giles, Maryknoll for Taiwanese, etc.); simplified characters; Sino-Tibetan language speakers; teaching Chinese to foreigners (duiwai Hanyu jiaoxue); terms of address (including honorifics); translation industry; Tungusic language speakers; Turkic language speakers; urban slang (e.g. Beijing street-language); writing reform movements; writing system (e.g. characters); xinhua cidian (word dictionary); A. Cheng; A. Lai (ethnic Tibetan novelist and essayist); avant-garde fiction (xianfeng xiaoshuo); Ba Jin (Suixianglu); Bai Hua (Kuni); Bai Xianyoni (Taiwan); baogao wenxue (reportage literature); Bei Dao (Zhao Zhenkai, b. 1949); Beijing Foreign Language Press; Bo Yang; bookstores; Can Xue; cartoons/comix (Man Hua/Xiaoren shu); Chen Pingyuan (critic); Chen Ran (b. 1962, Beijing); Chen Rong; Chen Ruoxi (Taiwan); Chen Zhongshi (Baihuyuan); Chi Li; Chi Zijian; children's literature; comics/serial picture books (lianhuanhua); commercial literature; critics; Dai Houying; Duo Duo (b. 1951; poet); English-language dailies, periodicals and books [China Daily, Beijing Review, Beijing Monthly, Shanghai Star, etc.; Panda Books; booklets, etc]; Fang Fang; Feng Jicai (writer and critic); Foreign Language Press (Beijing); Gao Xingjian (b. 1941); Gao Xingjian (playwright/critic); Ge Fei (Liu Yong) (b. 1964, Jiangsu); Gu Cheng; Guo Luosheng; Haizi (post-Mao poet); Han Shaogong (spokesperson for roots school); He Dun; He, Jiang; Hong Ying (Ji'e de nüer); Huang Chun-ming; Huang Xiang (Huoshen jiaoxiangyue); Ji Xianlin (Niupeng zayi); Jia Pingwa (b. 1953); Jiang He; Jin Yong (HK-based novelist); jishi wenxue (journalistic literature); Ke Yunlu (novelist); Kong Jiesheng (novelist/critic); Li Bai; Li Jie (critic); Li Qingxi (writer/critic); Li Rui; Li Tuo (critic); Li Yongpingi (modernist writer); Lin Bay; literary awards (Maodun wenxuejiang, Lu Xun wenxuejiang, etc.); literary journals; literature in dialect; Liu Dong; Liu Heng (b. 1954); Liu Suola (b. 1955, Beijing/London/NY); Liu Xinwu (novelist/critic); Liu Yichang; Long Yingtai (Taiwan); Lu Xinhua; Ma Lihua (poet, essayist, and scholar of Tibetan culture and literature); Ma Yuan; Malqinhu (Mongolian writer); May Fourth Literary Reform; Mei Shaojing; Meinü wenxue (Mian Mian, Zhou Weihui, etc.); Menglong poetry; Mian Mian (France); Mo Yan (b. 1956); Museum of Modern Chinese Literature (Beijing); Nie Hualing; Ouyang Zi (Taiwan); periodicals; poetry; publishing; Qian Liqun (critic); Qian Zhongshu (critic); Qiong Yao (novelist; Taiwan); Qiu Huadong; reprints (publishing revivals of older literature and impact on literary style in 1980s and 1990s) rupture writers ("Duanlie" writers of 1998-2000); rupture writers ('Duanlie' writers of 1998-2000); San Mao (Taiwan); scar literature; Shi Tiesheng; Shu Ting; Su Tong (b. 1963); Sun Ganlu; Taxi Dawa (Tibetan writer); Third Generation (poets): 'extremists' and 'not-not; (Sichuan) groups; Tie Ning; Wang Anyi (b. 1954); Wang Hui (critic); Wang Meng; Wang Shuo (b. 1958, Nanjing/Beijing); Wang Wenxing (Taiwan), modernist writer; Wang Xiaoming (critic); Wang Zengqi; Wang Zhenhe; web literature; wuxia xiaoshuo; Xi Chuan (post-Mao poet); Xi Xi (HK female writer); Xinmin Wanbao; Xu Kun (b. 1965, Shenyang/Beijing); Xu Xing; Xungen pai (root-searching school of writing); Ya Si (HK poet); Yang Jiang; Yang Lian (b. 1955; poet); Yu Hua (b. 1960, Jiangsu); Yu Jian (poet); Yuan Hongbing; Zhang Chengzhi; Zhang Jie; Zhang Kangkang (b. 1950); Zhang Wei (Gucheng, Jiuyue yuyan, etc.); Zhang Xianliang; Zhang Xinxin (b. 1953); Zheng Yi; Zhentan xiaoshuo (Detective Fiction); Zhong Xiaoyang (HK/Taiwan female writer); Zhongguo zuojia xiehui (Chinese Writers' Association); Zhou Li Fochler (writer); Zhou Lunyou ("not-not poet" and critic); Zhu Tianwen (female, Taiwan); Zunun Kadir (writer, Xinjiang); advertising; Beijingren ren zai Niuyue (Beijingers in New York, TV drama, 1993); bestsellers, 1979