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2nd Edition

Encyclopedia of water Science




ISBN 9780849396274
Published December 26, 2007 by CRC Press
1586 Pages 575 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Filled with figures, images, and illustrations, Encyclopedia of Water Science, Second Edition provides effective concepts and procedures in environmental water science and engineering. It unveils a wide spectrum of design concepts, methods, and solutions for enhanced performance of water quality, treatment, conservation, and irrigation methods, as well as improved water efficiency in industrial, municipal, and agricultural programs. The second edition also includes greatly enhanced coverage of streams and lakes as well as many regional case studies.

An International Team Addresses Important Issues

The only source to provide full coverage of current debates in the field, the encyclopedia offers professional expertise on vital issues including:

  • Current laws and regulations
  • Irrigation management
  • Environmental water economics
  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control
  • Nutrient best management practices
  • Water sanitation
  • Stream and lake morphology and processes

  • Sharpen Your Skills — Meet Challenges Well-Armed

    A direct and reliable source for best practices in water handling, preservation, and recovery, the encyclopedia examines challenges in the provision of safe water supplies, guiding environmental professionals as they face a worldwide demand for sanitary and affordable water reserves.

    Also Available Online
    This Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription, offering a variety of extra benefits for researchers, students, and librarians, including:

    • Citation tracking and alerts
    • Active reference linking
    • Saved searches and marked lists
    • HTML and PDF format options

    Contact Taylor and Francis for more information or to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages.
    US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367; (E-mail) [email protected]
    International: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062; (E-mail) [email protected]

    Table of Contents

    Contents
    Volume 1
    Academic Disciplines
    Acid Rain and Precipitation Chemistry
    African Market Garden
    Agricultural Runoff: Characteristics
    Agroforestry: Enhancing Water Use Efficiency
    Alluvial Fan
    Ancient Greece: Agricultural Hydraulic Works
    Ancient Greece: Hydrologic and Hydraulic Science and Technology
    Ancient Greece: Urban Water Engineering and Management
    Antitranspirants: Film-Forming Types
    Antitranspirants: Stomata Closing Types
    Aquifers
    Aquifers: Artificial Recharge
    Aquifers: Ogallala
    Aquifers: Recharge
    Aquifers: Transmissivity
    Aral Sea Disaster
    Arctic Hydrology
    Boron
    Bound Water in Soils
    Brahmaputra Basin
    Canal Automation
    Chemical Measurement
    Chemigation
    Chernobyl Accident: Impacts on Water Resources
    Chesapeake Bay
    Chromium
    Conservation: Tillage and No-Tillage
    Consumptive Water Use
    Crop Coefficients
    Crop Development Models
    Crop Plants: Critical Developmental Stages of Water Stress
    Crop Residues: Snow Capture by
    Cyanobacteria in Eutrophic Freshwater Systems
    Dam Removal
    Darcy’s Law
    Databases
    Deltas
    Desalination
    Drainage and Water Quality
    Drainage Coefficient
    Drainage: Controlled
    Drainage: Hydrologic Impacts
    Drainage: Inadequacy and Crop Response
    Drainage: Irrigated Land
    Drainage: Land Shaping
    Drainage: Materials
    Drainage: Modeling
    Drainage: Soil Salinity Management
    Drinking Water Supply Distribution Systems
    Drip Lines and Emitters: Acidification for Prevention of Clogging
    Drip Lines and Emitters: Chlorination for Disinfection and Prevention of Clogging
    Drought
    Drought Hardening and Pre-Sowing Seed Hardening
    Drought: Avoidance and Adaptation
    Drought: Management
    Drought: Resistance
    Dryland and Semiarid Regions: Research Centers
    Dryland Cropping Systems
    Dryland Farming
    Dust Bowl Era
    El Nin˜o
    Energy Dissipation Structures
    Erosion and Precipitation
    Erosion and Productivity
    Erosion Control: Mechanical
    Erosion Control: Tillage/Residue Methods
    Erosion Control: Vegetative
    Erosion Problems: Historical Review
    Erosion Research: History
    Erosion Research: Instrumentation
    Erosion: Accelerated
    Erosion: Bank
    Erosion: Prediction
    Erosion: Process Modeling
    Eutrophication
    Evaporation
    Evaporation and Eddy Correlation
    Evaporation and Energy Balance
    Evaporation from Lakes and Large Bodies of Water
    Evaporation from Soils
    Evapotranspiration: Canopy Architecture and Climate Effects
    Evapotranspiration: Formulas
    Evapotranspiration: Greenhouses
    Evapotranspiration: Reference and Potential
    Evapotranspiration: Remote Sensing
    Evapotranspiration: Weather Station Network Information
    Everglades
    Farm Ponds
    Fertilizer and Pesticide Leaching: Irrigation Management
    Field Water Supply and Balance
    Filtration and Particulate Removal
    Floodplain Management
    Floods and Flooding
    Flouride
    Flow Measurement: History
    Fluvial Islands
    Frozen Soil: Water Movement in
    Furrow Dikes
    Ganges River
    Giant Reed (Arundo donax): Effects on Streams and Water Resources
    Global Temperature Change and Terrestrial Ecology
    Groundwater: Contamination
    Groundwater: Contamination, Arsenic
    Groundwater: Mapping Levels
    Groundwater: Measuring Levels
    Groundwater: Mining
    Groundwater: Modeling
    Groundwater: Modeling Using Numerical Methods
    Groundwater: Pollution from Mining
    Groundwater: Pollution from Nitrogen Fertilizers
    Groundwater: Pollution from Phosphorous Fertilizers
    Groundwater: Pumping and Land Subsidence
    Groundwater: Pumping Methods
    Groundwater: Quality
    Groundwater: Quality and Irrigated Agriculture
    Groundwater: Regulation
    Groundwater: Saltwater Intrusion
    Groundwater: Western United States Law
    Groundwater: World Resources
    Hydrologic Cycle
    Hydrologic Management of Contaminated Sites Using Vegetation
    Hydrologic Process Modeling
    Hydrology Research Centers
    Hypoxia: Gulf of Mexico
    Internet
    Irrigated Agriculture: Economic Impacts of Investments
    Irrigated Agriculture: Endangered Species Policy
    Irrigated Agriculture: Historical View
    Irrigated Agriculture: Managing toward Sustainability
    Irrigated Agriculture: Social Impacts
    Irrigated Water: Market Role in Reallocating
    Irrigated Water: Polymer Application
    Irrigation Design: Steps and Elements
    Irrigation Districts and Similar Organizations
    Irrigation Economics: Global
    Irrigation Economics: United States
    Irrigation Management: Humid Regions
    Irrigation Management: Tropics
    Irrigation Return Flow and Quality
    Irrigation Sagacity (IS)
    Irrigation Scheduling: Plant Indicators (Field Application)
    Irrigation Scheduling: Plant Indicators (Measurement)
    Irrigation Scheduling: Remote Sensing Technologies
    Irrigation Scheduling: Soil Water Status
    Irrigation Scheduling: Water Budgeting
    Irrigation Systems: Drip
    Irrigation Systems: History
    Irrigation Systems: Subsurface Drip
    Irrigation: Deficit
    Irrigation: Efficiency
    Irrigation: Frost Protection and Bloom Delay
    Irrigation: Impact on River Flows
    Irrigation: Metering
    Irrigation: Preplant
    Irrigation: Saline Water
    Irrigation: Sewage Effluent Use
    Irrigation: Site-Specific
    Irrigation: Sprinklers (Mechanical)
    Irrigation: Supplemental
    Irrigation: Surface
    Isotopes
    Journals
    Volume 2
    Karst Aquifers
    Karst Aquifers: Water Quality and Water Resource Problems
    La Nin˜a
    Land Drainage: Subsurface
    Land Drainage: Wells
    Leaf Water Potential
    Library Resources
    Livestock and Poultry Production: Water Consumption
    Livestock Water Quality Standards
    Livestock: Water Harvesting Methods
    Low-Impact Development
    Manure Management: Beef Cattle Industry Requirements
    Manure Management: Dairy
    Manure Management: Poultry
    Manure Management: Swine
    Marketing
    Matric Potential
    Microbial Sampling
    Mining Impact: Metals
    Natural Levees
    Neuse River
    Nitrogen Measurement
    Nonpoint Source Pollution (NPSP)
    Nutrients: Best Management Practices
    Observation Wells
    On-Farm Irrigation Flow Measurement
    Open-Channel Flow Rate Measurements
    Open-Channel Spillways
    Oxygen Measurement: Biological–Chemical Oxygen Demand
    Pathogens: General Characteristics
    Pathogens: Transport by Water
    Pesticide Contamination: Groundwater
    Pesticide Contamination: Surface Water
    Pfiesteria Piscicida
    pH
    Pharmaceuticals in Water Supplies
    Phosphorus: Inputs into Freshwater from Agriculture
    Phosphorus: Measurement
    Phosphorus: Transport in Riverine Systems
    Plant Water Stress: Exposure during Specific Growth Stages
    Plant Water Stress: Optional Parameters for Stress Relief
    Plant Water Use: Stomatal Control
    Plant Yield and Water Use
    Plants: Critical Growth Periods
    Plants: Osmotic Adjustment
    Plants: Osmotic Potential
    Plants: Salt Tolerance
    Platte River
    Pollution: Point Source (PS)
    Porous Pavements
    Precipitation: Distribution Patterns
    Precipitation: Forms
    Precipitation: Measurement
    Precipitation: Modification
    Precipitation: Remote Sensing Measurement
    Precipitation: Simulation Models
    Precipitation: Stochastic Properties
    Precipitation: Storms
    Precision Agriculture and Water Use
    Precision Conservation
    Professional Societies
    Psychrometry: Accuracy, Interpretation, and Sampling
    Psychrometry: Theory, Types, and Uses
    Pumps: Displacement
    Pumps: Internal Combustion Engines
    Rainfall Shelters
    Rainfed Farming
    Rainwater Harvesting
    Rangeland Management: Enhanced Water Utilization
    Rangeland Water Yield: Influence of Brush Clearing
    Rangelands: Water Balance
    Research Organizations
    Residential Irrigation Water Use and Control
    Reverse Osmosis
    Richards’ Equation
    Ring and Tension Infiltrometers
    Riparian Geomorphology
    River Channelization
    River Channels
    Rural Water Supply: Water Harvesting
    Sacramento–San Joaquin Delta
    Saline Seeps
    Saline Water
    Salton Sea
    Satellite Sensing: Atmospheric Water
    Scaling Processes in Watersheds
    Seas: Dead and Dying
    Sediment Budgets
    Sediment Load
    Selenium
    Software Development
    Soil Macropores: Water and Solute Movement
    Soil Moisture Measurement by Feel and Appearance
    Soil Water Measurement: Capacitance
    Soil Water Measurement: Granular Matrix Sensors
    Soil Water Measurement: Gravimetric
    Soil Water Measurement: Neutron Thermalization
    Soil Water Measurement: Soil Probes
    Soil Water Measurement: Tensiometers
    Soil Water Measurement: Time Domain Reflectometry
    Soil Water: Antecedent
    Soil Water: Capillary Rise
    Soil Water: Diffusion
    Soil Water: Energy Concepts
    Soil Water: Flow under Saturated Conditions
    Soil Water: Flow under Unsaturated Conditions
    Soil Water: Functions in Pedostructure
    Soil Water: Hysteresis
    Soil Water: Plant-Available
    Soil Water: Salinity Measurement
    Soil Water: Sensor-Based Automatic Irrigation of Vegetable Crops
    Soils: Field Capacity
    Soils: Hydraulic Conductivity Rates
    Soils: Hygroscopic Water Content
    Soils: Permanent Wilting Points
    Soils: Water Infiltration
    Soils: Water Percolation
    Soils: Waterborne Chemicals Leaching through
    Stomatal Responses to the Environment: Quantifying
    Storativity and Specific Yield
    Stormwater Management
    Streambank Stabilization
    Summer Fallow
    Surface Water: Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations
    Surface Water: Nitrogen Enrichment
    Surface Water: Pollution by Nitrogen Fertilizers
    Surface Water: Pollution by Surface Mines
    Surface Water: Quality and Phosphorous Applications
    Surface Water: Western United States Law
    Suspended-Sediment Transport Measurement
    Tailwater Recovery and Reuse
    Tamarisk
    Timber Harvesting: Influence on Water Yield and Water Quality
    Time Domain Reflectometry: Salinity and Solute Measurement
    Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL)
    Transpiration
    Transpiration: Carbon Dioxide and Plants
    Transpiration: Efficiency
    Transpiration: Scaling from Leaves and Canopies
    Transpiration: Water Use Efficiency
    Two-Stage Channel Geometry: Active Floodplain Requirements
    Uptake by Plant Roots
    Uptake by Plant Roots: Modeling Water Extraction
    Urban Hydrology
    Urban Water Quality
    Vadose Zone and Groundwater Protection
    Vapor Transport in Dry Soils
    Virtual Water
    Virtual Water: Economic Perspective
    Virtual Water: Measuring Flows around the World
    Wastewater Use in Agriculture: Agronomic Considerations
    Wastewater Use in Agriculture: Empirical Evidence
    Wastewater Use in Agriculture: Public Health Considerations
    Wastewater Use in Agriculture: Saline and Sodic Waters
    Water Balance Scheduling in Arid Regions
    Water Footprints
    Water Harvesting
    Water Properties
    Water Quality: Modeling
    Water Quality: Range and Pasture Land
    Water Quality: Sampling of Runoff from Agricultural Fields
    Wellhead Protection
    Wells: Drilling
    Wells: Hydraulics
    Wetlands and Petroleum
    Wetlands as Treatment Systems
    Wetlands: Ecosystems
    Wind Erosion and Water Resources
    Yellow River

    ...
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    Reviews

    "The second edition of this encyclopedia totals more than 1,370 pages. According to the contributors, this revised edition includes a 50 percent increase in entries, revision of old entries, and the addition of new subject areas such as the science of streams and virtual water. Alphabetically organized, it offers more than 300 entries written by approximately 400 authorities worldwide . . . Summing Up: Highly Recommended."

    – L. Joseph, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, in Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries, July 2008, Vol. 45, No. 11

    "Filled with figures, images, and illustrations, this book provides effective concepts and procedures in environmental water science and engineering. It unveils a wide spectrum of design concepts, methods, and solutions for enhanced performance of water quality, treatment, conservation, and irrigation method as well as improved water efficiency in industrial, municipal, and agricultural programs . . . the set would be a great resource for graduate and undergraduate students listed in any of the topics listed."

    – In Journal of the American Water Resources Association, August 2008

    "… Experienced professionals will find this encyclopedia to be a convenient update of various technologies and a ready source of new reference materials."
    — Marvin E. Jensen, PhD, Consultant
    Retired, Director, Colorado Institute for Irrigation Management, Colorado State University — Fort Collins