1st Edition

Ending Wars, Consolidating Peace Economic Perspectives

By Mats Berdal, Achim Wennmann Copyright 2010

    The transition from war to peace is fraught with tension and the risk of a return to bloodshed. With so much at stake, it is crucial that the international community and local stakeholders make sense of the complex mosaic of challenges, to support a lasting, inclusive and prosperous peace. Recent missions, such as in Afghanistan, Somalia, or Sudan, have highlighted the fact that there can be no one-size-fits-all approach to steering countries away from violence and towards stability.

    This Adelphi offers a series of economic perspectives on conflict resolution, to show how the challenges of peacebuilding can be more effectively tackled. From the need to marry diplomatic peacemaking with development efforts, and activate the private sector in the service of peacebuilding aims, to the use of taxes and natural resource revenues as a financial base for sustainable peace, this book considers how economic factors can positively shape and drive peace processes. It takes an unflinching look at the complex ways in which power and order may be manifested in conflict zones, where unpalatable compromises with local warlords can often be the first step towards a more lasting settlement. A difficult balance must be struck by peacemakers and peacebuilders in assisting countries and communities in their transitions out of war, for the consequences of failure for countries and the wider world are too grave. In distilling expertise from a range of disciplines, this Adelphi seeks to inform a more economically integrated and responsive approach to helping countries leave behind their troubled pasts and take a fuller role in constructing their futures.

    Introduction, Mats Berdal; Chapter 1 Peace Processes, Business and New Futures after War, Achim Wennmann; Chapter 2 Stabilising Fragile States and the Humanitarian Space, Robert Muggah; Chapter 3 Assessing Linkages Between Diplomatic Peacemaking and Developmental Peacebuilding Efforts, Ashraf Ghani, Clare Lockhart, Blair Glencorse; Chapter 4 The Bretton Woods Institutions, Reconstruction and Peacebuilding, Graciana del Castillo; Chapter 5 Aid and Fiscal Capacity Building in Post-Conflict Countries, James K. Boyce; Chapter 6 Valuable Natural Resources in Conflict-Affected States, Päivi Lujala, Siri Aas Rustad, Philippe Le Billon; Chapter 7 Foreign Direct Investors in Conflict Zones, Andreea Mihalache-O'keef, Tatiana Vashchilko; Chapter 8 War Transitions and Armed Groups, Jennifer Hazen; Chapter 9 State Failure and Ungoverned Space, Ken Menkhaus; Chapter 10 Crime, Corruption and Violent Economies, James Cockayne; conclusion Conclusion, Achim Wennmann;


    Mats Berdal, Achim Wennmann

    "An accessible and empirically rich collection of essays." - Jan Selby, International Peacekeeping, Vol. 19, 1, January 2012