Energy, Resource Extraction and Society
Impacts and Contested Futures
Energy is central to the fabric of society. This book revisits the classic notions of energy impacts by examining the social effects of resource extraction and energy projects which are often overlooked. Energy impacts are often reduced to the narrow configurations of greenhouse gas emissions, chemical spills or land use changes. However, this neglects the fact that the way we produce, distribute and consume energy shapes society, political institutions and culture.
The authors trace the impacts of contemporary energy and resource extraction developments and explain their significance for the shaping of powerful social imaginaries and a reconfiguration of political and democratic systems. They analyse not only the complex histories and landscapes of industrial mining and energy development, including oil, coal, wind power, gas (fracking) and electrification, but also their significance for contested energy and social futures. Based on ethnographic and interdisciplinary research from around the world, including case studies from Australia, Germany, Kenya, the Netherlands, Nicaragua, Norway, Poland, Turkey, UK and USA, they document the effects on local communities and how these are often transformed into citizen engagement, protest and resistance. This sheds new light on the relationship between energy and power, reflecting a wide array of pertinent impacts beyond the usual considerations of economic efficiency and energy security.
The volume is aimed at advanced students and researchers in anthropology, sociology, human geography, science and technology studies, environmental studies and sustainable development as well as professionals working in the field of impact assessments.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Conceptualising energy impacts and contested energy futures 1. Extractive inequalities: coal, land-acquisition and class in rural New South Wales, Australia 2. Petroleum in the Barents Region: local impacts and dreams at sea 3. Creating and debating energy citizenship: the case of shale gas in Poland 4. Energy practices and the construction of energy democracy in the Noordoostpolder (the Netherlands) 5. Energy democracy and the co-production of social and technological systems in north-eastern North America 6. Community Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: An Assessment Challenge 7. Class, CO2 and Urban Climate Change Mitigation: On Saving Energy in a Post-Industrial German City 8. Contested wind energy: Discourses on energy impacts and their significance for energy justice in Fosen 9. What Lies Below: the politics of resource conflict in Turkana, Kenya 10. Integrative Currents? Electrifying the Turkey-EU Relations in Times of Blackout. 11. An assessment of current regulation and suggestions for a citizen-centered approach to the governing of UK hydraulic fracturing 12. Conclusion: Resource extraction, energy impacts and openings for change
Anna Szolucha is a research fellow at the Polish Academy of Sciences and an affiliated researcher with the ERC Egalitarianism Project at the University of Bergen, Norway.