For a country already uneasy about energy security, the 2011 earthquake and tsunami, which caused a nuclear catastrophe at the Fukushima nuclear power plant, turned pre-existing Japanese concern about the availability of energy into outright anxiety. The subsequent closure of many nuclear reactors meant Japan needed to replace lost power quickly and so had no choice but to secure additional fossil fuels, undermining Japanese diversification policy and increasing global and regional competition for energy. This switch has been at a cost to the already weak Japanese economy whilst the increase in fossil fuel consumption has caused a significant increase in greenhouse gas emissions. In this book Vlado Vivoda examines the drastically changed environment following the disaster in order to analyse Japan’s energy security challenges and evaluate Tokyo’s energy policy options. Looking at how the disaster exacerbated Japan’s existing energy security challenges, Vivoda considers the best policy options for Japan to enhance national energy security in the future, exploring the main impediments to change and how they might be overcome.
’Vlado Vivoda has written a brilliant book about the complexities of Japan’s energy market. Through a masterful exposition of the literature, Vivoda demonstrates that there are no easy answers after the Fukushima nuclear crisis. Each power source comes with strengths and weaknesses in a resource-poor and institutionally constrained political economy. It is the responsibility of well-informed citizens to understand these trade-offs in cross-national and historical context. Anyone interested in the topic of Japan’s energy market transformations would do well to read this insightful work.’ Paul J. Scalise, University of Tokyo, Japan ’A comprehensive energy policy review is underway in Japan in the aftermath of the Fukushima nuclear accident. This timely book offers a valuable insight into energy policy debates in Japan, based on a comprehensive analysis of its energy policy on such aspects as history, institutional framework, the role of relevant stakeholders and the unique energy security vulnerability.’ Ken Koyama, Institute of Energy Economics, Japan