1st Edition

Energy Systems Modeling and Policy Analysis

By B K Bala Copyright 2022
    440 Pages 168 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

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    Energy Systems Modeling and Policy Analysis covers a wide spectrum of topics including policy analysis and the optimal operational planning of integrated energy systems using a systems approach. This book details the importance of energy modeling and policy analysis, system dynamics and linear programming, modeling of energy supplies, energy demand, and environmental impact. Integrated energy systems at micro- and macro-levels, the application of simulation techniques for integrated rural energy systems, and integrated electric power systems/smart grids are covered as well.


    • Covers topics such as modeling, optimization and control of energy systems, and data analysis collected using a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system
    • Uses system dynamics methodology (based on control systems theory) as well as other modeling tools
    • Focuses on energy and environmental issues
    • Provides optimal operational planning and management of integrated electric power systems and smart grids
    • Covers the simulated planning and management of integrated national electric power systems using system dynamics

    This book is aimed at graduate students in electrical engineering, energy technology, microgrids, energy policy, and control systems.

    Chapter 1: Introduction 
    1.1 Introduction                                                                                     
    1.2 Complexity and Dynamics of Energy Systems                                
    1.3 Concepts of Systems and System Dynamics                                   
    1.4 Modes of Behavior of Dynamic Systems                                      
    1.5 Linear Programming                                                                      
    1.6 Integrated Energy Systems and Systems Approach                       
    1.7 Energy Modeling and Systems Approach 
    1.8 Systems Thinking and Modeling
    1.9 Usefulness of Models
    1.10 Energy Policy Analysis                                                                 
    1.11 Structure of the Book                                                                                                                                          
    Chapter 2: Modeling and Simulation                                                                                      
    2.1 Introduction 
    2.2 Models and Simulation  
    2.3 Systems Thinking                     
    2.4 Causal Loop Diagrams                                                                        
    2.5 Stock – Flow Diagrams                                                                        
    Chapter 3: Optimization Methods
    3.1 Introduction                                                                                              
    3.2 Linear Programming                                                                                
    3.3 Integer Programming
    3.4 Pareto Optimality   
    3.5 Examples of Linear Programming and Integer
    3.6 MARKAL Model  
    Chapter 4: Communication Techniques
    4.1 Introduction                                                                                              
    4.2 Standards for Communication and Information exchange   
    4.3 Communication Technologies 
    4.4 Communication Systems       
    4.5 Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA)
    4.6 Smart metering  and Automation                                                                                  
    4.7 Cyber Security     
    4.8 Architecture of Communication Technology for Power System
    4.9 Multi Agent Systems                                                                                          

    Chapter 5: Modeling of Energy Demand, Supply and Price 
    5.1 Introduction                                                                                              
    5.2 Energy Demand                                                                                        
    5.3 Energy Supply                                                                                            
    5.4 Energy Balance
    5.5 Energy Price
    Chapter 6: Energy Use and Environmental Impacts
    6.1 Introduction                                                                                              
    6.2 Global Issues                                                                                            
    6.3 Regional Issues                                                                                         
    6.4 Local Issues                                                                                               
    6.5 Pollution and Global Warming                                                                  
    6.6 Emission Factors                                                                                       
    6.7 Modeling of Pollution and Global Warming                                            
    6.8 Modeling of Acid Rainfall                                                                     

    Chapter 7: Modeling of Integrated Energy Systems  
    7.1 Introduction                                                                                                                                   7.2 Qualitative Integrated Energy Model for Rural
    7.3 Optimization of Integrated Energy Systems for Rural Farming Systems
    7.4 Optimization of Solar Hybrid Energy Systems using Genetic Algorithms
    7.5 Modeling and Simulation of National  Integrated Energy System
    Chapter 8: Modeling of Integrated Rural Energy Systems 
    8.1 Introduction                                                                                                
    8.2 Verbal Description 
    8.3 Dynamic Hypothesis                                                                                   
    8.4 System Dynamics Modeling of Integrated Rural Energy Systems
    8.5 Model Validation                                                                                              
    8.6 Simulated Results       
    8.7 Concluding Remarks                                                                                           
    Chapter 9: Simulated Planning of Integrated Electric Power Systems
    9.1 Introduction                                                                                                      
    9.2 Verbal Description                                                                                            
    9.3 Dynamic Hypothesis                                                                                         
    9.4 System Dynamics Modeling of Integrated Electric Power Systems
    9.5 Model Validation                                                                                                
    9.6 Simulated Results             
    9.7 Policy Analysis                                                                                                
    9.8 Concluding Remarks                                                                                               
    Chapter 10: Operational Planning of Electric Power Systems and SMART Grid
    10.1 Introduction                                                                                                        
    10.2 Linea Programming Model                                                                                
    10.3 MARKAL Modeling                                                                                          
    10.4 Optimal Power System Operation with Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA)
    10.5 SMART Grid                                                                                                       



    Professor B K Bala is associated with Solar Energy Research Laboratory, Silpakorn University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand as a visiting professor in Modeling and Simulation since 2005. Professor B. K. Bala was the Chairman of the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering and the Dean of the Faculty of Engineering, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj, Bangladesh from 2018-2020, and was also a professor at Jessore University of Science and Technology from 2016-2018. Professor Bala also was a professor in the Department of Farm Power and Machinery, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh, where he was engaged in teaching and research for over 42 years starting from 1970. He has supervised more than a dozen of PhD students in the areas of modeling of integrated energy systems and energy policy, renewable energy, modeling and simulation of solar drying, modeling of climate change impacts, and emerging technologies such as neural network, exergy, genetic algorithm, and computational fluid dynamics.

    Professor Bala received a B.Sc. (Eng.) degree in Electrical Engineering from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh, in 1969 and an M.Eng. degree from the Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand, in 1975 and worked on control theory. Professor Bala also received a Ph.D. degree from the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, in 1983 and worked on modeling and simulation of industrial deep bed drying of malt and provided the foundation and basis for energy conservation and online control of industrial deep bed drying of malt. He also worked on modeling and simulation of solar drying as an EC postdoctoral fellow at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, from 1992 to 1993. He was on a DAAD study visit at the Institute of Agricultural Engineering in the Tropics and Subtropics, University of Hohenheim, Germany, for research on modeling and simulation of solar drying in 1995. Professor Bala also served as a research fellow in system dynamics modeling and policy analysis at the Institute of Agricultural and Food Policy Research, Universiti Putra Malaysia from 2012 to 2014. Professor Bala has published 207 scientific papers mostly in high-impact factor journals, and he is also the author of ten textbooks. Professor Bala published the book Energy and Environment: Modeling and Simulation with Nova Science Publishers, USA in 1998; the book Electrical Energy: Transmission and Distribution (second edition) with Khanna Publishers, India in 2002 and the book Renewable Energy with Agro-tech Publishing Academy, India in 2003. Professor Bala is the author of Drying and Storage of Cereal Grains published by Wiley-Blackwell in 2017, and he is the first author of System Dynamics Modeling and Simulation published by Springer in 2017. Also professor Bala is the author of Agro Product Processing Technology: Principles and Practice published by CRC Press Taylor & Francis in 2020.