Rapidly developing countries such as China and India are the real main players in the climate debate, with the potential for massive increases in their carbon emissions in coming years. Brazil is often included in their number, yet this country is in fact notable for its exceptionally high reliance on energy from renewable sources – approaching fifty per cent. However, the fact that much of this energy comes from hydropower and biofuels, and recent discoveries of massive oil reserves off of the Brazilian coast, are a recipe for controversy.
In this detailed account, Antonio Dias Leite sets out the development of Brazil's energy mix. Beginning with the history of energy provision and use, he then moves on to tackle the various sources in detail: hydropower, biomass and other renewables, as well as fossil fuels and nuclear power. In each case he examines growth, distribution, environmental and socio-economic issues (such as deforestation and displacement of indigenous communities) and potential for future development – highlighting what has worked, and what hasn't. The book ends by examining Brazilian approaches to energy efficiency, and by positioning Brazil in the world context.
This is a major contribution to the discussion around climate change mitigation that will be key reading for policymakers and researchers concerned with the future role and impacts of rapidly developing countries.
Table of Contents
Preface 1. Historical Overview of the 20th Century 2. Energy and Economic Growth: A Statistical Abstract 3. Hydro Power and Electricity 4. Fossil Fuels 5. The Nuclear Issue 6. The Role of Biomass and Land Use in Brazil 7. New Energies, Small Hydro and Biomass-Fired 8. Energy Efficiency and Environment 9. Brazil's Energy Prospects Within the World Context Looking Forward Appendix 1 - Brazil in Maps Appendix 2 - List of Figures Appendix 3 - List of Tables Appendix 4 - List of Brazilian Acronyms Appendix 5 - List of Main Sources of Information in Brazil Appendix 6 - Brazilian Exchange Rate - Real (R$)/US$ 1995-2007
Antonio Dias Leite is an engineer and doctor in economics. He was granted the title of Professor Emeritus of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, where he has served for forty years. On a leave of absence from the university he was president of Companhia Vale do Rio Doce (1967/69) and Minister of Mines and Energy (1969/73).
'Facing an exciting and challenging energy future, where awareness and understanding of energy supply and the impact of climate change has never been greater, I highly recommend the book to decision- and policymakers in the energy business. The world needs exemplary cases and this book represents an excellent national case study for the development and implementation of a sustainable and diverse energy mix.' From the Foreword by Christoph Frei, Secretary General, World Energy Council 'This is a major contribution to the discussion around climate change mitigation that will be key reading for policymakers and researchers concerned with the fututre role and impacts of rapidly developing countries.' Management of Environmental Quality Journal, 2010.