Engendering Cities examines the contemporary research, policy, and practice of designing for gender in urban spaces. Gender matters in city design, yet despite legislative mandates across the globe to provide equal access to services for men and women alike, these issues are still often overlooked or inadequately addressed. This book looks at critical aspects of contemporary cities regarding gender, including topics such as transport, housing, public health, education, caring, infrastructure, as well as issues which are rarely addressed in planning, design, and policy, such as the importance of toilets for education and clothes washers for freeing-up time. In the first section, a number of chapters in the book assess past, current, and projected conditions in cities vis-à-vis gender issues and needs. In the second section, the book assesses existing policy, planning, and design efforts to improve women’s and men’s concerns in urban living. Finally, the book proposes changes to existing policies and practices in urban planning and design, including its thinking (theory) and norms (ethics).
The book applies the current scholarship on theory and practice related to gender in a planning context, elaborating on some critical community-focused reflections on gender and design. It will be key reading for scholars and students of planning, architecture, design, gender studies, sociology, anthropology, geography, and political science. It will also be of interest to practitioners and policy makers, providing discussion of emerging topics in the field.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Planning the Gendered City
Inés Sánchez de Madariaga and Michael Neuman
Section 1: Engendering Urban Transportation
Chapter 2. A Gendered View of Mobility and Transport
Chapter 3. The Complexity of Care-Givers’ Trip Chains. Results from Gender Sensitive Mobility Surveys by Austrian Transport Planners and Consultants
Bente Knoll and Teresa Schwaninger
Chapter 4.. Violence Against Women in Moving Transportation in Indian cities: Reconceptualising Gendered Transport Policy
Chapter 5. Planning Mobility in Portugal with a Gender Perspective
Margarida Queirós and Nuno Marques da Costa
Chapter 6. Implementation of Gender and Diversity Perspectives in Transport Development
Plans in Germany
Elena von den Driesch, Linda Steuer, Tobias Berg, and Carmen Leicht-Scholten
Chapter 7. Why Low-Income Women in the U.S. Need Automobiles
Section 2: Engendering Planning for Urban Justice
Chapter 8. Are Safe Cities Just Cities?
Lucile Biarrotte and Claire Hancock
Chapter 9. Public Toilets: The Missing Component in Designing Sustainable Urban Spaces for Women
Chapter 10. The Everyday Life of Immigrant Women as a Struggle to Create their own Living Places
Chapter 11. Gender Mainstreaming in the Regional Discourse – Implementation of Gender Mainstreaming in Planning Processes
Jeanette Sebrantke, Mechtild Stiewe, Sibylle Kelp-Siekmann, and Gudrun Kemmler-Lehr
Chapter 12. The Gender Dimension in the Urban Policy of the EU
Sonia De Gregorio Hurtado
Chapter 13. Gender Mainstreaming Urban Planning and Design Processes in Greece
Section 3: Tools for Engendering Planning
Chapter 14. Gendering the Design of Cities in Aotearoa New Zealand. Are We There Yet?
Dory Reeves, Julie Fairey, Jade Kake, Emma McInnes, and Eva Zombori
Chapter 15. Gender Impact Assessments, a Tool for the Implementation of the New Urban Agenda. The Case of Madrid Nuevo Norte
Inés Novella Abril
Chapter 16. Grounds for Future Gendered Urban Agendas
Chapter 17. Epilogue – Unifying Difference and Equality Concepts to Buttress Policy
Inés Sánchez de Madariaga
Inés Sánchez de Madariaga is UNESCO Chair on Gender Equality Policies in Science, Technology and Innovation and Professor of Urban Planning at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. She is a leading international expert on gender in city planning, architecture and STEM with extensive experience in both public policy and research. She is member of the Leadership Advisory Council of the Spanish UN-Sustainable Solutions Development Network and an Advisor to the Executive Director of UN-Habitat.
Michael Neuman is Professor of Sustainable Urbanism at the University of Westminster. He is the author of numerous articles, reports, and plans translated into ten languages. His research and practice span urbanism, planning, design, engineering, sustainability, infrastructure and governance. He has advised the mayors of Barcelona, San Francisco, Oakland, and Wroclaw; the Regional Plan Association of New York; the Barcelona Metropolitan Plan; and governments and private clients around the world.
"Engendering Cities is a brilliant and comprehensive account of how to make cities for all by ensuring that women are included in every aspect of their planning and development. It will be an enduring reference for all engaged in this work." —Eugenie L. Birch FAICP, Professor of Urban Research, University of Pennsylvania
"In the era of #MeToo, public attention is now firmly focused on the important issue of gender difference and gender justice. This serious and well-researched collection makes a substantial addition to an expanding literature on gender and urban planning. The section on transport and movement is particularly welcome. The collection demonstrates how an understanding of gender should be core to the theory and practice of planning." —Marion Roberts FHEA, Professor of Urban Design, University of Westminster