The new international division of labor and the imposition of structural adjustment on Third World countries has necessitated a reexamination of development policies and a reevaluation of the role of gender in their success or failure. Although women often bear the heaviest burden under structural adjustment, there is also considerable evidence of women being empowered through their responses to the challenges of economic restructuring. Based on case study material from Eastern Europe, the Islamic nations, Africa, China, and Latin America, this volume explores the significant contributions women make to the wealth and well-being of their families and nations. The contributors argue persuasively that women may hold the key to sustainable development, an increasingly critical issue at a time when policymakers are reconsidering the full costs and benefits of a growth-fixated development model. One of the first to embody the new “gender and development” paradigm, this book reports on research at the frontiers of knowledge and theory about the gendered outcomes of economic transformation, restructuring, and social change. By incorporating “voices from the South,” it makes a provocative addition to our understanding of the political economy of development and of the relationship between world ecology and the world economy.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Engendering Wealth and Well-Being in an Era of Economic Transformation -- An Overview of Gender and Economic Transformation -- Gender Dynamics of Restructuring in the Semiperiphery -- Gender and Economic Crises in Latin America: Reflections on the Great Depression and the Debt Crisis -- Engendering Wealth, Engendering Survival -- Trade, Gender, and Poverty in the Nairobi Area: Women’s Strategies for Survival and Independence in the 1980s -- Gender Implications of Export-Led Industrialization in the Caribbean Basin -- Engendered Production in Rural Taiwan: Ideological Bonding of the Public and Private -- Macroeconomic Policies and Gender Relations: The Study of Farming Households in Two Turkish Villages -- Engendering Well-Being -- Father’s Money, Mother’s Money, and Parental Commitment: Guatemala and Nicaragua -- Gender and Health in Nigerian Structural Adjustment: Locating Room to Maneuver -- Gender Relations in Urban Middle-Class and Working-Class Households in Mexico -- Paths to Power and Policy -- Gender, Environment, and Empowerment in Venezuela -- Gender and Environments: Lessons from WEDNET -- Beyond Economics: Sheltering the Whole Woman -- Conclusion: Engendering Wealth and Well-Being — Lessons Learned