Engineering Design with Polymers and Composites: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Engineering Design with Polymers and Composites

2nd Edition

By James C. Gerdeen, PhD, PE, Ronald A.L. Rorrer, PhD, PE

CRC Press

420 pages | 306 B/W Illus.

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Description

Engineering Design with Polymers and Composites, Second Edition continues to provide one of the only textbooks on the analysis and design of mechanical components made from polymer materials. It explains how to create polymer materials to meet design specifications.

After tracing the history of polymers and composites, the text describes modern design concepts, such as weight-to-strength ratio and cost-to-strength ratio, for selecting polymers and composites for design applications. It also presents computer methods for choosing polymer materials from a database, for optimal design, and for laminated plate design.

New to the Second Edition

This edition rearranges many chapters and adds a significant amount of new material. Composites are now covered in two chapters, instead of one. This edition also includes entirely new chapters on polymer fusing and other assembly techniques, rapid prototyping, and piezoelectric polymers.

Suitable for mechanical and civil engineering students as well as practicing engineers, this book helps readers get an edge in the rapidly changing electromechanical industry. It gives them a fundamental foundation for understanding phenomena that they will encounter in real-life applications or through subsequent study and research.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Introduction

History of Polymers

History of Composites

Examples of Polymers and Composites in Use

Definitions and Classifications

Identification of Plastics

Raw Materials and Production of Polymers

Chemical Structures

Glass Transition and Melting Temperatures

Mechanical Properties of Polymers

Introduction

Tensile Properties

Static Failure Theories

Creep Properties

Relaxation Properties

Dynamic Properties

Large Strain Definitions

Analysis of Damping

Time Hardening Creep

Isochronous Creep Curves

Viscoelastic Behavior of Polymers

Mechanical Models

Mathematical Models

The Maxwell Fluid

The Kelvin Solid

The Four-Parameter Model

The Boltzmann Superposition Principle

Advanced Viscoelastic Models

The Viscoelastic Correspondence Principle

The Time–Temperature Equivalence Principle

Creep and Fatigue Failure

Creep Failure under Tension

Creep Failure under Compression

Fatigue of Polymers

Notch Sensitivity under Fatigue

Creep Buckling of Shells

Impact Strength and Fracture Toughness

Impact Strength

Fracture Toughness

Analysis of the Charpy and Izod Impact Tests using Fracture Mechanics

Analysis of Impact Specimens at the Nanoscale

Selection of Polymers for Design Applications

Introduction

Basic Material Properties

Performance Parameters

Loading Conditions and Geometrical Configurations

Availability of Materials

A Rectangular Beam in Bending

Weighting-Factor Analysis

Thermal Gradient through a Beam

Rating Factors for Various Loading Requirements

Design Optimization

Computer Database Design Selection Procedure

Design Applications of Some Polymers

Phenolic Resins with Fillers

Polycarbonate

Example Design with PC: Fan Impeller Blade

Example Design with PC: Snap/Fit Design

Example Design of PVC Pipe

Design with Fluorocarbon Resins

Composite Material Mechanics

Introduction

Composite Material Nomenclature and Definitions

Analysis of Composite Structures

Experimental Determination of Engineering Elastic Constants

Composite Laminate Failure

Strength Properties and Failure Theories

Stiffness of Laminated Composites

Thermal Stresses

Summary

Polymer Processing

Extrusion

Manufacture of PVC Pipe by Extrusion

Injection Molding

Thermoforming

Blow Molding

Adhesion of Polymers and Composites

Introduction

Fundamentals of Adhesion

Adhesives

Enhancement of Adhesion in Composites

Curing of Adhesives

Summary

Polymer Fusing and Other Assembly Techniques

Introduction

Heated Tool Welding

Ultrasonic Welding

Friction Welding

Laser Welding

Hot Gas

Resistance Welding

Induction Welding

Mechanical Fastener Connections

Tribology of Polymers and Composites

Introduction

Contact Mechanics

Surface Topography

Friction

Wear

PV Limit

Rolling and Sliding

Modification of Polymers for Friction and Wear Performance

Composites

Wear of Composites

Heat Generation in Sliding Polymer Systems

Special Considerations

Simulative Laboratory Testing

Damping and Isolation with Polymers and Composites

Introduction

Relevance of the Thermomechanical Spectrum

Damping Methods of Material Modification

Materials for Damping and Isolation

Fundamentals of Vibration Damping and Isolation

Role of Dampers

Damping Layers

Rapid Prototyping with Polymers

Introduction

Rapid Product Development, Tooling, and Manufacture

RP Techniques

RP Materials

Applications

Piezoelectric Polymers

Introduction

Piezoelectric Strain Behavior

Piezoelectric Material Properties

Hysteresis

Composites

Appendix A: Conversion Factors

Appendix B: Area Moments of Inertia

Appendix C: Beam Reactions and Displacements

Appendix D: Laminate MATLAB® or Octave Code

Appendix E: Sample Input/Output for Laminate Program

Appendix F: Composite Materials Properties

Appendix G: Thermal and Electrical Properties

Index

Homework Problems and References appear at the end of each chapter.

About the Authors

James C. Gerdeen, Ph.D., P.E., is a professor emeritus at the University of Colorado at Denver and Health Science Center and a distinguished professor at Michigan Technological University. He has published over 65 papers and over 100 research reports. His research interests include pressure vessel design, structural analysis, metal working manufacturing, and mechanical design.

Ronald A.L. Rorrer, Ph.D., P.E., is an associate professor at the University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center. He has published over 30 papers and holds one patent. His research areas include tribology, polymers, composites, and bioengineering.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI041000
SCIENCE / Mechanics / General
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science