1st Edition

Engineering Mechanics and Design Applications Transdisciplinary Engineering Fundamentals

By Atila Ertas Copyright 2012
    343 Pages 285 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    344 Pages 285 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    In the last decade, the number of complex problems facing engineers has increased, and the technical knowledge required to address and mitigate them continues to evolve rapidly. These problems include not only the design of engineering systems with numerous components and subsystems, but also the design, redesign, and interaction of social, political, managerial, commercial, biological, medical, and other systems. These systems are likely to be dynamic and adaptive in nature. Finding creative solutions to such large-scale, unstructured problems requires activities that cut across traditional disciplinary boundaries.

    Engineering Mechanics and Design Applications: Transdisciplinary Engineering Fundamentals presents basic engineering mechanics concepts in the context of the engineering design process. It provides non-mechanical engineers with the knowledge needed to understand the mechanical aspects of a project, making it easier to collaborate in transdisciplinary teams.

    Combining statics, dynamics, vibrations, and strength of materials in one volume, the book offers a practical reference for engineering design. It begins with an overview of Prevention through Design (PtD), providing a broad understanding of occupational safety and health needs in the design process. It then presents condensed introductions to engineering statics, engineering dynamics, and solid mechanics as well as failure theories and dynamic loadings. Examples of real-life design analysis and applications demonstrate how transdisciplinary engineering knowledge can be applied in practice.

    A concise introduction to mechanics and design, the book is suitable for nonengineering students who need to understand the fundamentals of engineering mechanics, as well as for engineering students preparing for the Fundamentals of Engineering exam. Professional engineers, researchers, and scientists in non-mechanical engineering disciplines, particularly those collaboratively working on large-scale engineering projects, will also find this a valuable resource.

    Prevention through Design: A Transdisciplinary Process
    Transdisciplinarity and PtD
    Defining Transdisciplinarity
    Multidisciplinary, Interdisciplinary, and Transdisciplinary Case Studies
    Why Prevention through Design Is a Transdisciplinary Process?
    PtD Considerations for the Design Process
    Prevention through Design
    PtD Program Mission
    PtD Process
    Stakeholder Input
    Strategic Goal Areas
    The Business Value of PtD
    Case Studies
    Case Study 1
    Case Study 2
    Case Study 3
    Case Study 4
    PtD and Sustainability
    Transdisciplinary Sustainable Development
    Contaminated Environment
    Making “Green Jobs” Safe: Integrating Occupational Safety and Health into Green Jobs and Sustainability
    Going Green during Construction

    Fundamental Concepts
    Weight and Mass
    Rigid Body
    Force as a Vector
    Trigonometric Solution
    Force Components in Space
    Force Vector Defined by Its Magnitude and Two Points on Its Line of Action
    Free-Body Diagram
    Equilibrium of a Particle
    Equilibrium of a Rigid Body
    Equilibrium of a Two-Force Member
    Equilibrium of a Three-Force Member
    Equilibrium of a Pulley System
    Moment of a Force About a Given Axis
    Moment of a Couple
    Structures in Three Dimensions
    Method of Joint
    Method of Section
    Machines and Frames
    Coefficient of Friction
    Angles of Static and Kinetic Friction
    Properties of Plane Areas
    Parallel Axis Theorem for Areas
    Radius of Gyration of Area
    Moment of Inertia of Composite Areas

    Kinematics of a Rigid Body
    Fixed-Axis Rotation
    General Plane Motion
    Absolute and Relative Velocity in Plane Motion
    Instantaneous Center of Zero Velocity (IC)
    Absolute and Relative Acceleration in Plane Motion
    Kinetics of a Rigid Body
    Fixed-Axis Rotation
    General Plane Motion
    Rolling Problems
    Planar Kinetic Energy and Work
    Principle of Work and Energy
    Conservation of Energy
    Principle of Linear Impulse and Momentum
    Principle of Angular Impulse and Momentum

    Solid Mechanics
    Stress Analysis
    Uniform Normal Stress and Strain
    Uniform Shear Stress and Strain
    Thermal Stress and Strain
    Normal Bending Stress in Beams
    Shear Stress in Beams
    Stress in Thin-Walled Pressure Vessels
    Combined Stress
    Stress–Strain Analysis
    Plane Stress
    Stress on an Inclined Plane
    Mohr’s Circle of Stress
    Principal Stresses in Three Dimensions
    Strain Measurement and Stress Calculations
    Deflection and Stiffness of Beams
    Spring Rates
    Lateral Deflections of Beams
    Buckling of Columns
    Eccentrically Loaded Column
    Prestressed Concrete Column

    Failure Theories and Dynamic Loadings
    Failure Theories and Safety Factor
    Maximum Normal Stress Theory
    Maximum Shear Stress Theory
    Distortion Energy Theory
    Fatigue Failure
    Fatigue Strength Correction Factors
    Fluctuating Stresses
    Fatigue Analysis for Brittle Materials
    Fatigue Analysis for Ductile Materials
    Cumulative Fatigue Damage
    Design Analysis Using Fracture Mechanics
    Stress State in a Crack (Mode I)
    Elliptical Crack in an Infinite Plate
    Critical Crack Length
    Fatigue Crack Propagation
    Vibrations in Design
    Knowledge of Vibrations and Design Engineers
    Terminology in the Field of Vibration
    Natural Frequency of Spring–Mass System
    Dynamic Displacements and Stresses
    Forced Vibration of a Single-Degree-of-Freedom Linear System
    Response of a Single-Degree-of-Freedom System under Random Excitation
    Number of Zero Crossing

    Design Analysis and Applications
    Design Analysis and Application I
    Pipeline System Design
    Related Design Problem
    Design Analysis and Application II
    Offshore Drilling
    Related Design Problem




    Dr. Atila Ertas, Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Texas Tech University, Lubbock, USA, has been a driving force behind the conception and the development of the transdisciplinary model for education and research. He established The Academy for Transdisciplinary Learning and Advanced Studies (TheATLAS), the George Kozmetsky Endowment (GKE), and International Transdisciplinary Scientists' Village (Its-Village) as nonprofit organizations that encourage transdisciplinary research and educational activities. He also developed the Transdisciplinary Master of Engineering and PhD Programs on Design, Process, and Systems in conjunction with the Raytheon Company in Dallas, Texas.

    Dr. Ertas is the founder and was the first co-editor-in-chief of Transdisciplinary Journal of Integrated Design & Process Science (JIDPS), Co-founder of the Integrated Design & Process Technology Conference (IDPT), co-founder of the ASME Engineering Systems and Design Analysis (ESDA) conference, and founding president and co-founder of the Society for Design and Process Science (SDPS). He is a Senior Research Fellow of the ICC Institute at the University of Texas Austin, a Fellow of ASME, and a Fellow of SDPS.

    Dr. Ertas' contributions to teaching and research have been recognized by numerous honors and awards, including a President's Excellence in Teaching and President's Academic Achievement Award; Pi Tau Sigma Outstanding Teaching Award; George T. and Gladys Hanger Abell Faculty Award and a Halliburton Award in recognition of outstanding achievement and professionalism in education and research from Texas Tech University. Most recently, he was recognized as one of the distinguished former students of Texas A&M University’s Mechanical Engineering Department. Dr. Ertas has published over 150 scientific papers that cover many engineering technical fields. He has been principal investigator or co-PI on over 50 funded research projects. Under his supervision more than 170 MS and PhD graduate students have received degrees.