Engineering Mechanics and Design Applications : Transdisciplinary Engineering Fundamentals book cover
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Engineering Mechanics and Design Applications
Transdisciplinary Engineering Fundamentals





ISBN 9781138382053
Published September 18, 2018 by CRC Press
343 Pages 285 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

In the last decade, the number of complex problems facing engineers has increased, and the technical knowledge required to address and mitigate them continues to evolve rapidly. These problems include not only the design of engineering systems with numerous components and subsystems, but also the design, redesign, and interaction of social, political, managerial, commercial, biological, medical, and other systems. These systems are likely to be dynamic and adaptive in nature. Finding creative solutions to such large-scale, unstructured problems requires activities that cut across traditional disciplinary boundaries.

Engineering Mechanics and Design Applications: Transdisciplinary Engineering Fundamentals presents basic engineering mechanics concepts in the context of the engineering design process. It provides non-mechanical engineers with the knowledge needed to understand the mechanical aspects of a project, making it easier to collaborate in transdisciplinary teams.

Combining statics, dynamics, vibrations, and strength of materials in one volume, the book offers a practical reference for engineering design. It begins with an overview of Prevention through Design (PtD), providing a broad understanding of occupational safety and health needs in the design process. It then presents condensed introductions to engineering statics, engineering dynamics, and solid mechanics as well as failure theories and dynamic loadings. Examples of real-life design analysis and applications demonstrate how transdisciplinary engineering knowledge can be applied in practice.

A concise introduction to mechanics and design, the book is suitable for nonengineering students who need to understand the fundamentals of engineering mechanics, as well as for engineering students preparing for the Fundamentals of Engineering exam. Professional engineers, researchers, and scientists in non-mechanical engineering disciplines, particularly those collaboratively working on large-scale engineering projects, will also find this a valuable resource.

Table of Contents

Prevention through Design: A Transdisciplinary Process
Introduction
Transdisciplinarity and PtD
Discipline
Defining Transdisciplinarity
Multidisciplinary, Interdisciplinary, and Transdisciplinary Case Studies
Why Prevention through Design Is a Transdisciplinary Process?
PtD Considerations for the Design Process
Prevention through Design
PtD Program Mission
PtD Process
Stakeholder Input
Strategic Goal Areas
The Business Value of PtD
Case Studies
Case Study 1
Case Study 2
Case Study 3
Case Study 4
PtD and Sustainability
Transdisciplinary Sustainable Development
Contaminated Environment
Making “Green Jobs” Safe: Integrating Occupational Safety and Health into Green Jobs and Sustainability
Going Green during Construction
Conclusion
References

Static
Introduction
Fundamental Concepts
Weight and Mass
Rigid Body
Force
Force as a Vector
Definition
Trigonometric Solution
Force Components in Space
Force Vector Defined by Its Magnitude and Two Points on Its Line of Action
Moments
Free-Body Diagram
Equilibrium of a Particle
Equilibrium of a Rigid Body
Equilibrium of a Two-Force Member
Equilibrium of a Three-Force Member
Equilibrium of a Pulley System
Moment of a Force About a Given Axis
Moment of a Couple
Structures in Three Dimensions
Trusses
Method of Joint
Method of Section
Machines and Frames
Friction
Coefficient of Friction
Angles of Static and Kinetic Friction
Properties of Plane Areas
Parallel Axis Theorem for Areas
Radius of Gyration of Area
Moment of Inertia of Composite Areas
Bibliography

Dynamics
Introduction
Kinematics of a Rigid Body
Translation
Fixed-Axis Rotation
General Plane Motion
Absolute and Relative Velocity in Plane Motion
Instantaneous Center of Zero Velocity (IC)
Absolute and Relative Acceleration in Plane Motion
Kinetics of a Rigid Body
Translation
Fixed-Axis Rotation
General Plane Motion
Rolling Problems
Planar Kinetic Energy and Work
Principle of Work and Energy
Conservation of Energy
Principle of Linear Impulse and Momentum
Principle of Angular Impulse and Momentum
Impact
Bibliography

Solid Mechanics
Introduction
Stress Analysis
Uniform Normal Stress and Strain
Uniform Shear Stress and Strain
Thermal Stress and Strain
Normal Bending Stress in Beams
Shear Stress in Beams
Stress in Thin-Walled Pressure Vessels
Combined Stress
Stress–Strain Analysis
Plane Stress
Stress on an Inclined Plane
Mohr’s Circle of Stress
Principal Stresses in Three Dimensions
Strain Measurement and Stress Calculations
Deflection and Stiffness of Beams
Spring Rates
Torsion
Lateral Deflections of Beams
Buckling of Columns
Eccentrically Loaded Column
Prestressed Concrete Column
References
Bibliography

Failure Theories and Dynamic Loadings
Failure Theories and Safety Factor
Maximum Normal Stress Theory
Maximum Shear Stress Theory
Distortion Energy Theory
Fatigue Failure
Fatigue Strength Correction Factors
Fluctuating Stresses
Fatigue Analysis for Brittle Materials
Fatigue Analysis for Ductile Materials
Cumulative Fatigue Damage
Design Analysis Using Fracture Mechanics
Stress State in a Crack (Mode I)
Elliptical Crack in an Infinite Plate
Critical Crack Length
Leak-before-Break
Fatigue Crack Propagation
Vibrations in Design
Knowledge of Vibrations and Design Engineers
Terminology in the Field of Vibration
Natural Frequency of Spring–Mass System
Dynamic Displacements and Stresses
Forced Vibration of a Single-Degree-of-Freedom Linear System
Response of a Single-Degree-of-Freedom System under Random Excitation
Number of Zero Crossing
References
Bibliography

Design Analysis and Applications
Introduction
Design Analysis and Application I
Pipeline System Design
Related Design Problem
Design Analysis and Application II
Offshore Drilling
Related Design Problem
References

Appendices
Index

 

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Author(s)

Biography

Dr. Atila Ertas, Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Texas Tech University, Lubbock, USA, has been a driving force behind the conception and the development of the transdisciplinary model for education and research. He established The Academy for Transdisciplinary Learning and Advanced Studies (TheATLAS), the George Kozmetsky Endowment (GKE), and International Transdisciplinary Scientists' Village (Its-Village) as nonprofit organizations that encourage transdisciplinary research and educational activities. He also developed the Transdisciplinary Master of Engineering and PhD Programs on Design, Process, and Systems in conjunction with the Raytheon Company in Dallas, Texas.

Dr. Ertas is the founder and was the first co-editor-in-chief of Transdisciplinary Journal of Integrated Design & Process Science (JIDPS), Co-founder of the Integrated Design & Process Technology Conference (IDPT), co-founder of the ASME Engineering Systems and Design Analysis (ESDA) conference, and founding president and co-founder of the Society for Design and Process Science (SDPS). He is a Senior Research Fellow of the ICC Institute at the University of Texas Austin, a Fellow of ASME, and a Fellow of SDPS.

Dr. Ertas' contributions to teaching and research have been recognized by numerous honors and awards, including a President's Excellence in Teaching and President's Academic Achievement Award; Pi Tau Sigma Outstanding Teaching Award; George T. and Gladys Hanger Abell Faculty Award and a Halliburton Award in recognition of outstanding achievement and professionalism in education and research from Texas Tech University. Most recently, he was recognized as one of the distinguished former students of Texas A&M University’s Mechanical Engineering Department. Dr. Ertas has published over 150 scientific papers that cover many engineering technical fields. He has been principal investigator or co-PI on over 50 funded research projects. Under his supervision more than 170 MS and PhD graduate students have received degrees.