Engineering Mechanics and Design Applications: Transdisciplinary Engineering Fundamentals, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Engineering Mechanics and Design Applications

Transdisciplinary Engineering Fundamentals, 1st Edition

By Atila Ertas

CRC Press

343 pages | 285 B/W Illus.

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In the last decade, the number of complex problems facing engineers has increased, and the technical knowledge required to address and mitigate them continues to evolve rapidly. These problems include not only the design of engineering systems with numerous components and subsystems, but also the design, redesign, and interaction of social, political, managerial, commercial, biological, medical, and other systems. These systems are likely to be dynamic and adaptive in nature. Finding creative solutions to such large-scale, unstructured problems requires activities that cut across traditional disciplinary boundaries.

Engineering Mechanics and Design Applications: Transdisciplinary Engineering Fundamentals presents basic engineering mechanics concepts in the context of the engineering design process. It provides non-mechanical engineers with the knowledge needed to understand the mechanical aspects of a project, making it easier to collaborate in transdisciplinary teams.

Combining statics, dynamics, vibrations, and strength of materials in one volume, the book offers a practical reference for engineering design. It begins with an overview of Prevention through Design (PtD), providing a broad understanding of occupational safety and health needs in the design process. It then presents condensed introductions to engineering statics, engineering dynamics, and solid mechanics as well as failure theories and dynamic loadings. Examples of real-life design analysis and applications demonstrate how transdisciplinary engineering knowledge can be applied in practice.

A concise introduction to mechanics and design, the book is suitable for nonengineering students who need to understand the fundamentals of engineering mechanics, as well as for engineering students preparing for the Fundamentals of Engineering exam. Professional engineers, researchers, and scientists in non-mechanical engineering disciplines, particularly those collaboratively working on large-scale engineering projects, will also find this a valuable resource.

Table of Contents

Prevention through Design: A Transdisciplinary Process


Transdisciplinarity and PtD


Defining Transdisciplinarity

Multidisciplinary, Interdisciplinary, and Transdisciplinary Case Studies

Why Prevention through Design Is a Transdisciplinary Process?

PtD Considerations for the Design Process

Prevention through Design

PtD Program Mission

PtD Process

Stakeholder Input

Strategic Goal Areas

The Business Value of PtD

Case Studies

Case Study 1

Case Study 2

Case Study 3

Case Study 4

PtD and Sustainability

Transdisciplinary Sustainable Development

Contaminated Environment

Making “Green Jobs” Safe: Integrating Occupational Safety and Health into Green Jobs and Sustainability

Going Green during Construction





Fundamental Concepts

Weight and Mass

Rigid Body


Force as a Vector


Trigonometric Solution

Force Components in Space

Force Vector Defined by Its Magnitude and Two Points on Its Line of Action


Free-Body Diagram

Equilibrium of a Particle

Equilibrium of a Rigid Body

Equilibrium of a Two-Force Member

Equilibrium of a Three-Force Member

Equilibrium of a Pulley System

Moment of a Force About a Given Axis

Moment of a Couple

Structures in Three Dimensions


Method of Joint

Method of Section

Machines and Frames


Coefficient of Friction

Angles of Static and Kinetic Friction

Properties of Plane Areas

Parallel Axis Theorem for Areas

Radius of Gyration of Area

Moment of Inertia of Composite Areas




Kinematics of a Rigid Body


Fixed-Axis Rotation

General Plane Motion

Absolute and Relative Velocity in Plane Motion

Instantaneous Center of Zero Velocity (IC)

Absolute and Relative Acceleration in Plane Motion

Kinetics of a Rigid Body


Fixed-Axis Rotation

General Plane Motion

Rolling Problems

Planar Kinetic Energy and Work

Principle of Work and Energy

Conservation of Energy

Principle of Linear Impulse and Momentum

Principle of Angular Impulse and Momentum



Solid Mechanics


Stress Analysis

Uniform Normal Stress and Strain

Uniform Shear Stress and Strain

Thermal Stress and Strain

Normal Bending Stress in Beams

Shear Stress in Beams

Stress in Thin-Walled Pressure Vessels

Combined Stress

Stress–Strain Analysis

Plane Stress

Stress on an Inclined Plane

Mohr’s Circle of Stress

Principal Stresses in Three Dimensions

Strain Measurement and Stress Calculations

Deflection and Stiffness of Beams

Spring Rates


Lateral Deflections of Beams

Buckling of Columns

Eccentrically Loaded Column

Prestressed Concrete Column



Failure Theories and Dynamic Loadings

Failure Theories and Safety Factor

Maximum Normal Stress Theory

Maximum Shear Stress Theory

Distortion Energy Theory

Fatigue Failure

Fatigue Strength Correction Factors

Fluctuating Stresses

Fatigue Analysis for Brittle Materials

Fatigue Analysis for Ductile Materials

Cumulative Fatigue Damage

Design Analysis Using Fracture Mechanics

Stress State in a Crack (Mode I)

Elliptical Crack in an Infinite Plate

Critical Crack Length


Fatigue Crack Propagation

Vibrations in Design

Knowledge of Vibrations and Design Engineers

Terminology in the Field of Vibration

Natural Frequency of Spring–Mass System

Dynamic Displacements and Stresses

Forced Vibration of a Single-Degree-of-Freedom Linear System

Response of a Single-Degree-of-Freedom System under Random Excitation

Number of Zero Crossing



Design Analysis and Applications


Design Analysis and Application I

Pipeline System Design

Related Design Problem

Design Analysis and Application II

Offshore Drilling

Related Design Problem




About the Author

Dr. Atila Ertas, Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Texas Tech University, Lubbock, USA, has been a driving force behind the conception and the development of the transdisciplinary model for education and research. He established The Academy for Transdisciplinary Learning and Advanced Studies (TheATLAS), the George Kozmetsky Endowment (GKE), and International Transdisciplinary Scientists' Village (Its-Village) as nonprofit organizations that encourage transdisciplinary research and educational activities. He also developed the Transdisciplinary Master of Engineering and PhD Programs on Design, Process, and Systems in conjunction with the Raytheon Company in Dallas, Texas.

Dr. Ertas is the founder and was the first co-editor-in-chief of Transdisciplinary Journal of Integrated Design & Process Science (JIDPS), Co-founder of the Integrated Design & Process Technology Conference (IDPT), co-founder of the ASME Engineering Systems and Design Analysis (ESDA) conference, and founding president and co-founder of the Society for Design and Process Science (SDPS). He is a Senior Research Fellow of the ICC Institute at the University of Texas Austin, a Fellow of ASME, and a Fellow of SDPS.

Dr. Ertas' contributions to teaching and research have been recognized by numerous honors and awards, including a President's Excellence in Teaching and President's Academic Achievement Award; Pi Tau Sigma Outstanding Teaching Award; George T. and Gladys Hanger Abell Faculty Award and a Halliburton Award in recognition of outstanding achievement and professionalism in education and research from Texas Tech University. Most recently, he was recognized as one of the distinguished former students of Texas A&M University’s Mechanical Engineering Department. Dr. Ertas has published over 150 scientific papers that cover many engineering technical fields. He has been principal investigator or co-PI on over 50 funded research projects. Under his supervision more than 170 MS and PhD graduate students have received degrees.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Mechanics / General