Engineering with Polymers, 2nd Edition: 2nd Edition (Paperback) book cover

Engineering with Polymers, 2nd Edition

2nd Edition

By P. C. Powell, A. J. Ingen Housz

CRC Press

502 pages

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Paperback: 9780748739875
pub: 1998-08-03
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Description

Plastics and rubber materials, or polymers, are increasingly the first choice of engineers when reliable, cost-effective performance and safety are essential. The volume of polymers used in the Western economy now exceeds that of metals, which requires today's engineering students to have a thorough grounding in the properties and applications of polymeric materials.

The first chapters of Engineering with Polymers explain what polymers are, how they behave, and how articles are made from them. The authors then show how the standard engineering techniques of stress analysis, structures, fluid mechanics, heat transfer and design can be adopted or adapted to cover plastics and rubber materials. The book ends with chapters detailing interactions between processing and properties, and a description of a variety of approaches to designing plastics products, from practical advice to the use or further development of theoretical principles, backed up by examples and case studies.

The book is aimed at mechanical engineering students and design engineers in industry and also at materials' and chemical engineers.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

Engineering with Polymers

Predicting Performance

Functionality of Products

Concluding Remarks

ASPECTS OF POLYMER PHYSICS

Introduction

Linear and Network Polymers

Names of Polymers

Thermoplastics

Microstructure

Molecular Mobility

Crosslinked Plastics

Crosslinked Rubber Polymers

Molecular Orientation

Some Broad Generalizations

Problems

Further Reading

PLASTICS AND RUBBER COMPONENTS AND COMPOUNDS

Introduction

Polymers as a Class of Materials

Detailed Properties of Polymers

The Need for Compounds

Problems

Further Reading

IMPORTANT POLYMER PROCESSING METHODS

The Main Concepts

Batch Mixing Processes

Extrusion Processes

Moulding Processes

Contact Moulding Techniques

Continuous Fibre Techniques

Problems

Further Reading

STIFFNESS OF POLYMER PRODUCTS

Stiffness of Plastics: Elementary Concepts

Problems

Stiffness of Plastics: A More General Approach

Problems

Stiffness of Vulcanized Rubber

Problems

Further Reading

STRENGTH OF POLYMER PRODUCTS

Introduction

The Traditional Approach

Problems

The Fracture Mechanics Approach

Problems

Further Reading

FIBRE-POLYMER COMPOSITES

Introduction

Problems

Micromechanics

Problems

Macromechanics of Laminates

Problems

Stiffness of Laminates

Problems

Strength of Wide Laminates

Problems

Further Reading

FLUID FLOW AND HEAT TRANSFER IN MELT PROCESSING

Introduction

Undirectional Isothermal Newtonian Flow

Problems

Shear Velocity of Polymer Melts

Problems

Undirectional Power-Law Flows

Problems

Mixing and Blending of Polymer Melts

Tensile Viscosity

Problems

Elasticity of Polymer Melts

Problems

Heat Transfer in Polymer Processing

Problems

Further Reading

SOME INTERACTIONS BETWEEN PROCESSING AND PROPERTIES

Introduction

Thermal Effects

Problems

Flow Effects

Problems

Some Combined Pressure, Flow and Thermal Effects

Problems

Effect of Change in Processing Conditions

Preferred Shapes

Further Reading

PRODUCT DESIGN

Introduction

Specific Plastics Elements

Problems

Designing for Stiffness

Problems

Prestressed Elements

Problems

Tailor-Made Elements

Problems

Computer-Aided Engineering with Polymers

Further Reading

OUTLINE ANSWERS

INDEX

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science