1st Edition

Enterprise Level Security 2 Advanced Techniques for Information Technology in an Uncertain World

    338 Pages 93 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    338 Pages 93 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Enterprise Level Security 2: Advanced Topics in an Uncertain World follows on from the authors’ first book on Enterprise Level Security (ELS), which covered the basic concepts of ELS and the discoveries made during the first eight years of its development. This book follows on from this to give a discussion of advanced topics and solutions, derived from 16 years of research, pilots, and operational trials in putting an enterprise system together. The chapters cover specific advanced topics derived from painful mistakes and numerous revisions of processes. This book covers many of the topics omitted from the first book including multi-factor authentication, cloud key management, enterprise change management, entity veracity, homomorphic computing, device management, mobile ad hoc, big data, mediation, and several other topics.

    • The ELS model of enterprise security is endorsed by the Secretary of the Air Force for Air Force computing systems and is a candidate for DoD systems under the Joint Information Environment Program.
    • The book is intended for enterprise IT architecture developers, application developers, and IT security professionals.
    • This is a unique approach to end-to-end security and fills a niche in the market.

    Chapter 1.         The First 16 Years.

    1.1         The Beginning of Enterprise Level Security (ELS).

    1.2         Design Principles. 

    1.3         Key Concepts. 

    1.4         Implementation.

    Chapter 2.         A Brief Review of the Initial Book. 

    2.1         Security Principles. 

    2.2         ELS Framework. 

    Chapter 3.         Minimal Requirements for the Advanced Topics. 

    3.1         Needed Capabilities. 

    3.2         Creating an Attribute Store. 

    3.3         Registering a Service. 

    3.4         Computing Claims. 

    3.5         User Convenience Services. 

    3.6         The Enterprise Attribute Ecosystem.

    3.7         Summary. 

    Identity and Access Advanced Topics.

    Chapter 4.         Identity Claims in High Assurance.

    4.1         Who Are You?. 

    4.2         Entity Vetting. 

    4.3         Naming. 

    4.4         Key and Credential Generation.

    4.5         Key and Credential Access Control.

    4.6         Key and Credential Management.

    4.7         Key and Credential Uses. 

    4.8         Some Other Considerations. 

    Chapter 5.         Cloud Key Management.

    5.1         Clouds. 

    5.2         ELS in a Private Cloud.

    5.3         The Public Cloud Challenge.

    5.4         Potential Hybrid Cloud Solutions.

    5.5         Proposed Secure Solutions.

    5.6         Implementation.

    5.7         Cloud Key Management Summary. 

    Chapter 6.         Enhanced Assurance Needs. 

    6.1         Enhanced Identity Issues. 

    6.2         Scale of Identity Assurance. 

    6.3         Implementing the Identity Assurance Requirement.

    6.4         Additional Requirements. 

    6.5         Enhanced Assurance Summary. 

    Chapter 7.         Temporary Certificates. 

    7.1         Users That Do Not Have a PIV.. 

    7.2         Non-PIV STS/CA-Issued Certificate. 

    7.3         Required Additional Elements. 

    7.4         Precluding the Use of Temporary Certificates. 

    7.5         Temporary Certificate Summary. 

    Chapter 8.         Derived Certificates on Mobile Devices. 

    8.1         Derived Credentials. 

    8.2         Authentication with the Derived Credential.

    8.3         Encryption with the Derived Credential.

    8.4         Security Considerations. 

    8.5         Certificate Management.

    Chapter 9.         Veracity and Counter Claims. 

    9.1         The Insider Threat.

    9.2         Integrity, Reputation, and Veracity. 

    9.3         Measuring Veracity.

    9.4         Creating a Model & Counter-Claims. 

    9.5         Veracity and Counter-Claims Summary. 

    Chapter 10.      Delegation of Access and Privilege. 

    10.1       Access and Privilege. 

    10.2       Delegation Principles. 

    10.3       ELS Delegation. 

    10.4       Delegation Summary. 

    Chapter 11.      Escalation of Privilege. 

    11.1       Context for Escalation. 

    11.2       Access and Privilege Escalation. 

    11.3       Planning for Escalation. 

    11.4       Invoking Escalation. 

    11.5       Escalation Implementation within ELS. 

    11.6       Accountability. 

    11.7       Escalation Summary.

    Chapter 12.      Federation. 

    12.1       Federation Technical Considerations. 

    12.2       Federation Trust Considerations. 

    12.3       Federation Conclusions. 

    ELS Extensions – Content Management.

    Chapter 13.      Content Object Uniqueness for Forensics. 

    13.1       Exfiltration in Complex Systems. 

    13.2       Product Identifiers. 

    13.3       Hidden Messages. 

    13.4       Content Management.

    13.5       Content Object Summary.

    Chapter 14.      Homomorphic Encryption. 

    14.1       Full Homomorphic Encryption (FHE)

    14.2       Partial Homomorphic Encryption (PHE) 

    14.3       PHE Performance Evaluation. 

    14.4       Homomorphic Encryption Conclusions. 

    ELS Extensions – Data Aggregation. 

    Chapter 15.      Access and Privilege in Big Data Analysis. 

    15.1       Big Data Access. 

    15.2       Big Data Related Work. 

    15.3       Big Data with ELS. 

    15.4       Big Data Summary.

    Chapter 16.      Data Mediation

    16.1       Maintaining Security with Data Mediation. 

    16.2       The Mediation Issue. 

    16.3       Approaches. 

    16.4       Choosing a Solution. 

    16.5       Mediation Summary. 

    ELS Extensions – Mobile Devices. 

    Chapter 17.      Mobile Ad Hoc

    17.1       Mobile Ad Hoc Implementations. 

    17.2       Network Service Descriptions. 

    17.3       Other Considerations.

    17.4       Mobile Ad Hoc Summary. 

    Chapter 18.      Endpoint Device Management 

    18.1       Endpoint Device Choices. 

    18.2       Endpoint Device Management 

    ELS Extensions – Other Topics. 

    Chapter 19.      Endpoint Agent Architecture 

    19.1       Agent Architecture. 

    19.2       Related Work. 

    19.3       ELS Agent Methods. 

    19.4       Endpoint Agent Results. 

    19.5       Endpoint Agent Conclusions. 

    19.6       Endpoint Agent Extensions. 

    Chapter 20.      Ports and Protocols

    20.1       Introduction. 

    20.2       Communication Models. 

    20.3       Ports in Transport Protocols. 

    20.4       Threats Considered. 

    20.5       Assigning Ports and Protocols. 

    20.6       Server Configurations. 

    20.7       Firewalls and Port Blocking. 

    20.8       Application Firewalls. 

    20.9       Network Firewalls in ELS. 

    20.10         Endpoint Protection in ELS. 

    20.11         Handling and Inspection of Traffic. 

    20.12         Additional Security Hardening. 

    Chapter 21.      Asynchronous Messaging

    21.1       Why Asynchronous Messaging?. 

    21.2       Prior Work. 

    21.3       Asynchronous Messaging Security. 

    21.4       PSS Rock and Jewel 

    21.5       Summary. 

    Chapter 22.      Virtual Application Data Center 

    22.1       Introduction. 

    22.2       Enterprise Level Security and VADC Concepts. 

    22.3       VADC Implementation. 

    22.4       Resource Utilization. 

    22.5       Distributed Benefits and Challenges. 

    22.6       Virtual Application Conclusions.

    Chapter 23.      Managing System Changes

    23.1       System Change. 

    23.2       Current Approaches. 

    23.3       The Vision. 

    23.4       Realizing the Vision. 

    23.5       Moving into the Future. 

    23.6       Managing Information Technology Changes. 

    Chapter 24.      Concluding Remarks

    24.1       Staying Secure in an Uncertain World. 

    24.2       The Model is Important 

    24.3       Zero Trust Architecture. 

    24.4       Computing Efficiencies. 

    24.5       Current Full ELS System.. 

    24.6       Future Directions. 

    References and Bibliography. 





    Dr. Kevin E. Foltz, Institute for Defense Analyses, has over a decade of experience working to improve security in information systems. He has presented and published research on different aspects of enterprise security, security modeling, and high assurance systems. He also has degrees in Mathematics, Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, and Strategic Security Studies.

    Dr. William R. Simpson, Institute for Defense Analyses, has over two decades of experience working to improve systems security. He has degrees in Aeronautical Engineering and Business Administration, as well as undergoing military and government training. He spent many years as an expert in aeronautics before delving into the field of electronic and system testing, and he has spent the last 20 years on IT-related themes (mostly security, including processes, damage assessments of cyber intrusions, IT security standards, IT security evaluation, and IT architecture).