Entrepreneurship in the Informal Sector: An Institutional Perspective, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Entrepreneurship in the Informal Sector

An Institutional Perspective, 1st Edition

By Colin Williams

Routledge

236 pages

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Description

How many businesses start-ups conduct some or all of their trade ‘off-the-books’? And how many enterprises continue to do some of their work off-the-books once they are more established? What should be done about them? Should governments adopt ever more punitive measures to eradicate them? Or should we recognise this hidden enterprise culture and attempt to harness it? If so, how can this be done? What measures can be taken to ensure that businesses start-up in a proper manner? And what can be done to help those enterprises and entrepreneurs currently working off-the-books to legitimise their businesses?





The aim of this book is to advance a new way of answering these questions. Drawing inspiration from institutional theory, informal sector entrepreneurship is explained as resulting from the asymmetry between the codified laws and regulations of a society’s formal institutions and the norms, values and beliefs that comprise a society’s informal institutions. The argument is that if the norms, values and beliefs of entrepreneurs (i.e., their individual morality) were wholly aligned with the codified laws and regulations (i.e., state morality), there would be no informal sector entrepreneurship. However, because the individual morality of entrepreneurs differs from state morality, such as due to their lack of trust in government and the rule of law, the result is the prevalence of informal sector entrepreneurship.





The greater the degree of institutional asymmetry, the higher is the propensity to engage in informal sector entrepreneurship. This book provides evidence to show that this is the case both at the individual- and country-level and then discusses how this can be overcome.



.

Table of Contents



1. Introduction





Part 1: Theorising Entrepreneurship in the Informal Sector





2. An Institutionalist Perspective



3. Determinants of Institutional Asymmetry





Part 2: Informal Sector Entrepreneurship in Global Perspective





4. Prevalence of Informal Entrepreneurship



5. Impacts of Informal Entrepreneurship



6. Reasons for Informal Entrepreneurship





Part 3: Tackling Informal Sector Entrepreneurship





7. Policy Options and Approaches



8. Hard Direct Policy Measures



9. Soft Indirect Policy Measures



10. Conclusions

About the Author

Colin C. Williams is a Professor of Public Policy at Sheffield University Management School.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUS000000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / General
BUS025000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Entrepreneurship
BUS068000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Development / Economic Development
BUS092000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Development / General