As we enter a new millennium, the environmental issues faced by both developing and industrialised nations are as pressing as ever. Environmental biotechnologies are increasingly being viewed as a major weapon against environmental damage. Cleaner production is part of this strategy and yet there is still widespread ignorance about this emerging technology. Environmental Biotechnology and Cleaner Bioprocesses provides this information at various levels, from introductory to advanced. The first section covers the development of cleaner bioprocesses within the framework of sustainable development. Aspects of environmental policy for small and medium businesses are then discussed using case studies to illustrate principles. The second section covers the recycling and treatment of organic waste, including the use of aquatic plants and microalgae for wastewater treatment and recovery of nutrients. Section three covers bioremediation technologies and finally, section four is dedicated to emerging cleaner bioprocesses and environmentally sound products. All chapters have been written and edited by leading authorities in the field. Students and professionals interested in environmental biotechnology and cleaner production will find the background information and detail they require in this one convenient source.
Part 1: General Aspects and Case Studies 1. Cleaner Bioprocesses and Sustainable Development Eugenia J. Olguin 2. Environmental Policy and Small and Medium Enterprises Victor L. Urquidi 3. The Vital Issues Process: Managing Critical Infrastructures in the Global Arena Dennis Engi 4. Environmental Impact of Nitrogen Fertilisers in the 'Bajio' Region of Guanajuato State, Mexico Oscar A. Grageda, Fernando Esparza-Garcia and Juan J. Pena-Cabriales 5. Impermeable Barrier Liners in Containment Type Landfills Emir J. Macari and Carlos H. Ortiz-Gomez 6. Control of Submicron Air Toxin Particles after Coal Combustion Utilizing Calcium Manganese Acetate Jianxi Zhao, Donald L. Wise, Edgar B. Gutoff, Joseph D. Gresser and Yiannis A. Levendis Part 2: Recycling and Treatment of Organic Wastes 7. Duckweed-Based Wastewater Treatment for Rational Resource Recovery and Reuse Huub J. Gijzen and Siemen Veenstra 8. Anaerobic Treatment of Tequila Vinasse Kuppusamy Ilangovan. Josefina Linerio, Roberto Briones and Adalberto Noyola 9. Immobilisation of Living Microalgae and their Use for Inorganic Nitrogen and Phosphorous Removal from Water Carlos Garbisu, Itziar Alkorta, Maria J. Llama and Juan L. Serra 10. Engineered Reed Bed Systems for the Treatment of Dirty Waters A.J. Biddlestone and K.R. Gray Part 3: Recalcitrant Compounds Removal 11. Immobilisation of Non-viable Cyanobacteria and their Use for Heavy Metal Adsorption from Water Alicia Blanco, Miguel Angel Sampedro, Begona Sanz, Maria J. Llama and Juan L. Serra 12. Bioremediation: Clean-up Biotechnology for Soils and Aquifers Susana Saval 13. Increasing Bioavailibility of Recalcitrant Molecules in Contaminated Soils Mariano Gutierrez-Rojas 14. Bioremediation of Contaminated Soils Maria Trejo and Rodolfo Quintero 15. Environmental Oil Biocatalysis Rafael Vazquez-Duhalt Part 4: Cleaner Bioprocesses 16. Clean Biological Bleaching Processs in the Pulp and Paper Industry Juan M. Lema, M Teresa Moreira, Carolyn Palma and Gumersindo Feijoo 17. The Cleaner Production Strategy Applied to Animal Production ^Eugenia J. Olguin 18. Clean Technologies Through Microbial Processes for Economic Benefits and Sustainability Horst W. Doelle, Aran Hanpongkittikun and Poonsuk Prasertsan 19. Cleaner Biotechnologies and the Oil Agroindustry Agustin Lopez-Munguia 20. In the Search of Novel and Better Bioinsecticides Argelia Lorence and Rodolfo Quintero 21. Bacillus thuringiensis: A Relationship between cry Gene Expression and Process Conditions Reynold R. Farrera and Mayra de la Torre 22. Cleaner Production Activities on Zimbabwe Richard T. Tawamba, R. Gurajena and Christopher J. Chetsanga Joe Biddlestone, University of Birmingham, UK, Alicia Blanco, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Spain, Roberto Briones, UNAM, Mexico, Christopher J. Chetsanga, Environment and Remote Sensing Institute, Zimbabwe, Mayra de la Torre, CINVESTAV-I.P.N. Mexico, Horst W. Doelle, University of Queensland, Australia, Dennis Engi, Sandia National Laboratories, USA, Feranando Esparza-Garcia, CINVESTAV-I.P.N. Mexico, Reynold R. Farrera, Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Mexico, Gumersindo Feijoo, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain, Carlos Garbisu, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Spain, Huub J. Gijzen, International Institute for Infrastuctural Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, The Netherlands, Oscar A. Grageda, CINVESTAV-I.P.N. Mexico, K.R. Gray, University of Birmingham, UK, Joseph D. Gressner, Cambridge Scientific Inc., USA, R. Gurajena, Environment and Remote Sensing Institute, Zimbabwe, Mariano Gutierrez-Rojas, UAM- Itzapalapa, Mexico, Edgar B. Gutoff, North Eastern University, USA, Aran Hanpongkittikun, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand, Kuppusamy Ilangoavan, Instituto de Ingenieria UNAM, Mexico, Juan M. Lema, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain, Yiannas A. Levendis, North eastern University, USA, Josefina Linerio, CIATEJ, Mexico, Argella Lorence, UNAM, Mexico, Agustin Lopez-Munguia, UNAM, Mexico, Maria J. Llama, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Spain, Emir J. Macari, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA, M. Teresa Moreira, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain, Sitoo Mukerji, Organisation of American States, USA, Adalberto Noyola, UNAM, Mexico, Eugenia J. Olguin, Institute of Ecology, Mexico, Carlos H. Ortiz-Gomez, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA, Carolyn Palma, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain, Juan J. Pena-Cabriales, CINVESTAV-I.P.N. Mexico, Poonsuk Prasertsan, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand, Rodolfo Quintero, UNAM, Mexico, Miguel Angel Sampedro, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Spain, Begona Sanz, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Spain, Susana Saval, UNAM, Mexico, Juan L. Serra, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Spain, Richard T. Tawamba, Environment and Remote Sensing Institute, Zimbabwe, Maria Trejo, UAEM, Mexico, Victor L. Urquidi, Colegio de Mexico, Mexico, Rafael Vazquez-Duhalt, UNAM, Mexico, Siemen Veenstra, International Institute for Infrastuctural Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, The Netherlands, Donald L. Wise, North Eastern University, Boston, Jianxi Zhao, North Eastern University, Boston,