This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.
Environmental chemistry is an interdisciplinary field of study that involves the science of ecology as well as chemistry. Environmental chemistry covers the basic chemistry and biochemistry that occur naturally in the world around us. It focuses on the air, water, and land. Environmental science normally begins by determining the chemical reactions that are occurring in the environment when all systems are in balance and then goes on the discover how chemistry has changed when there is an imbalance caused by stress or pollution. The field is constantly changing, with new discoveries being made all the time. The availability of new and more sensitive instruments in analytical science is enabling the detection of smaller and smaller concentrations of pollutants in the environment. This new volume deals with a host of important topics in environmental chemistry, such as pesticide-related illnesses in humans and plants, the effects of litterfall in the soil of tropical forests, toxicants in various bodies of water, and much more.
Table of Contents
Pesticide-Related Illness Reported to and Diagnosed in Primary Care: Implications for Surveillance of Environmental Causes of Ill-Health
Heavy Metal Tolerance in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia
Evaluation of Protein Pattern Changes in Roots and Leaves of Zea mays Plants in Response to Nitrate Availability by Two-Dimensional Gel Electrophoresis Analysis
Contamination of Rural Surface and Ground Water by Endosulfan in Farming Areas of the Western Cape, South Africa
Microbial Contamination and Chemical Toxicity of the Rio Grande
Increased Litterfall in Tropical Forests Boosts the Transfer of Soil CO2 to the Atmosphere
Explaining the Evolution of Warning Coloration: Secreted Secondary Defence Chemicals May Facilitate the Evolution of Visual Aposematic Signals
Marine Biofilm Bacteria Evade Eukaryotic Predation by Targeted Chemical Defense
Assessing the Distribution of Volatile Organic Compounds Using Land Use Regression in Sarnia, Chemical Valley, Ontario, Canada
Chemical and Physical Properties of Some Saline Lakes in Alberta and Saskatchewan
Chemically Diverse Toxicants Converge on Fyn and c-Cbl to Disrupt Precursor Cell Function
Reverse and Conventional Chemical Ecology Approaches for the Development of Oviposition Attractants for Culex Mosquitoes
Estrogen-Like Activity of Seafood Related to Environmental Chemical Contaminants
The Environmental Toxicant 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-P-Dioxin Disrupts Morphogenesis of the Rat Pre-Implantation Embryo
Dr. Harold H. Trimm was born in 1955 in Brooklyn, New York. Dr. Trimm is the chairman of the Chemistry Department at Broome Community College in Binghamton, New York, USA. In addition, he is an Adjunct Analytical Professor, Binghamton University, State University of New York, Binghamton, New York.
He received his Ph.D in chemistry, with a minor in biology, from Clarkson University in 1981 for his work on fast reaction kinetics of biologically important molecules. He then went on to Brunel University in England for a postdoctoral research fellowship in biophysics, where he studied the molecules involved with arthritis by electroptics. He recently authored a textbook on forensic science titled Forensics the Easy Way (2005).
Professor William Hunter III lives in Houghton, New York. He holds a master's degree from the State University of New York at Buffalo with a specific focus on ecology and evolution. He has done extensive research in the fields of limnology and the effect of water quality on aquatic life, and he is in the midst of project funded by the National Science Foundation researching the effects of a new sewer project on the water chemistry and aquatic life of Cuba Lake, New York. A longtime science lover, Professor Hunter has worked for Ward’s Natural Science, Inc. to create new biology, chemistry, and environmental science products to serve the science education community. He currently shares his interest in biology and chemistry with his New York state students to help build another generation of scientists.