As environmental security gains increasing attention, there is a pressing need for rigorous examinations of environmental causes of conflict and the potential for conflict resolution. Environmental Conflict explores the role of environmental degradation or scarcity in intrastate or interstate violent conflict and how cooperative efforts might forestall such undesirable consequences. By presenting cutting-edge conceptual and empirical research examining how environmental factors may influence group and state decisions to employ violence, this book enhances understanding of the possibilities for future conflict and how to prevent it.
Table of Contents
Controversies and Questions -- Environmental Degradation as a Source of Conflict -- The Case of South Africa -- Causal Pathways to Conflict -- Demographic Pressure and Interstate Conflict -- Demography, Environment, and Security -- Water and Conflict: Rhetoric and Reality -- Resource Constraints or Abundance? -- The Reduction of Environmental Conflict -- Democracy and the Environment -- The Limits and Promise of Environmental Conflict Prevention -- Fair Division in the Spratly Islands Conflict -- Environmental Cooperation and International Peace -- Environmental Conflict: A Future Research Agenda -- Armed Conflict and the Environment -- The Environment and Violent Conflict