Environmental Contaminants in Biota: Interpreting Tissue Concentrations, Second Edition, 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Environmental Contaminants in Biota

Interpreting Tissue Concentrations, Second Edition, 2nd Edition

Edited by W. Nelson Beyer, James P. Meador

CRC Press

768 pages | 80 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2011-02-23
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Examining tissue residues of contaminants in biota reveals the movement of contaminants within organisms and through food chains as well as the context for understanding and quantifying injuries to organisms and their communities. Yet tissue concentrations of some contaminants are especially challenging to interpret and the ability of today’s analytical chemists to provide reliable analytical data of most important environmental contaminants often surpasses the ability of ecotoxicologists to interpret those data.

Offering guidance on the ecotoxicologically meaningful interpretation of tissue concentrations, Environmental Contaminants in Biota, Interpreting Tissue Concentrations, Second Edition is updated with current data and new ways of analyzing those data as well as additional contaminants not previously considered. Beginning with a history of wildlife toxicology and data interpretation, chapters cover a wide range of contaminants and their hazardous and lethal concentrations in various animals including DDT, Dioxins, PCBs, and PBDEs in aquatic organisms; methylmurcury, selenium, and trace metals in fishes and aquatic invertebrates; and pharmaceuticals and organic contaminants in marine mammals. The book considers the impact of Polychlorinated Biphenyls, Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Dibenzofurans, and Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers; cyclodiene; and other organochlorine pesticides in birds and mammals. Later chapters examine the effects and analysis of lead, cadmium, and radionuclides in biota.

With thousands of published research papers reporting tissue concentrations each year, Environmental Contaminants in Biota, Interpreting Tissue Concentrations, Second Edition gives ecotoxicologists the ability to draw actionable value regarding the toxicological consequences of those concentrations and relate tissue concentrations quantitatively to injury: the core of ecotoxicology.

Table of Contents

History of Wildlife Toxicology and the Interpretation of Contaminant Concentrations in Tissues, B.A. Rattner, A.M. Scheuhammer, and J.E. Elliott

DDT and Other Organohalogen Pesticides in Aquatic Organisms, N. Beckvar and G.R. Lotufo

Dioxins, PCBs, and PBDEs in Aquatic Organisms, R.J. Wenning, L. Martello, and A. Prusak-Daniel

Methylmercury in Freshwater Fish: Recent Advances in Assessing Toxicity of Environmentally Relevant Exposures, M.B. Sandheinrich and J.G. Wiener

Selenium Accumulation and Toxicity in Freshwater Fishes, D.K. DeForest and W.J. Adams

Trace Metals in Aquatic Invertebrates, P.S. Rainbow and S.N. Luoma

Organotins in Aquatic Biota: Occurrence in Tissue and Toxicological Significance, J.P. Meador

Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients and Aquatic Organisms, C.G. Daughton and B.W. Brooks

Organic Contaminants in Marine Mammals: Concepts in Exposure, Toxicity, and Management, L.L. Loseto and P.S. Ross

Select Elements and Potential Adverse Effects in Cetaceans and Pinnipeds, T. O’Hara, T. Kunito, V. Woshner, and S. Tanabe

Toxicological Significance of Pesticide Residues in Aquatic Animals, M.J. Lydy, J.B. Belden, J. You, and A.D. Harwood

DDT, DDD, and DDE in Birds, L.J. Blus

Cyclodiene and Other Organochlorine Pesticides in Birds, J.E. Elliott and C.A. Bishop

Effects of Polychlorinated Biphenyls, Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Dibenzofurans, and Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers in Wild Birds, M.L. Harris and J.E. Elliott

Toxicological Implications of PCBs, PCDDs, and PCDFs in Mammals, M. Zwiernik, F. Vermeulen, and S. Bursian

Lead in Birds, J.C. Franson and D.J. Pain

Lead in Mammals, W.-C. Ma

Mercury in Nonmarine Birds and Mammals, R.F. Shore, M.G. Pereira, L.A. Walker, and D.R. Thompson

Cadmium in Small Mammals, J.A. Cooke

Cadmium in Birds, M. Wayland and A.M. Scheuhammer

Selenium in Birds, H.M. Ohlendorf and G.H. Heinz

Radionuclides in Biota, B.E. Sample and C. Irvine



Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NATURE / Ecology
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Zoology / General
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / General