518 pages | 128 B/W Illus.
Bringing together the research of 62 distinguished scientists in one volume, Environmental Contamination: Health Risks and Ecological Restoration offers a comprehensive view of the remediation of contaminated land. A one-stop resource, it covers historical and emerging contaminants, the issues of bioavailability of chemicals and their associated human health risks, and the latest remediation technologies. The book also contains numerous case studies, many of them drawn from the Asia-Pacific region, that look at the effects of rapid industrialization. The chapters are inspired by presentations and discussions held during the 2010 Croucher Advanced Study Institute workshop, entitled Remediation of Contaminated Land—Bioavailability and Health Risk.
With the speed and scale of recent socioeconomic development, particularly in regions with less stringent environmental regulations, it is evident that various industrial activities have given rise to tremendous environmental degradation and severe health problems. The book begins with a description of current problems and future trends of pollutants, as well as their impact on the environment and human health. It then focuses on emerging contaminants, such as flame retardants and electronic waste. The book also examines research on environmentally friendly and sustainable solutions to remediate contaminated lands, exploring cutting-edge bioremediation and phytoremediation technologies. Chapters discuss arsenic biomethylation, copper homeostasis, microbial transformation of phthalate esters, the potential function of paddy fields in phytoremediation, the use of constructed wetlands for pollution control, phytostabilization of arsenic-contaminated sites, and more.
This timely book provides readers with a highly focused reference on some of the most urgent environmental and health issues and research topics. These include e-waste recycling and arsenic and heavy metal contamination of rice—issues that are relevant for many countries around the world.
"This book immediately places the readers at the scientific and practical forefronts of health risk and ecological restoration research, and is a resource for designing and implementing research programs related to toxic chemicals."
—Ecotoxicology (2013) 22:1183–1184
Environmental Contamination: Health Risks and Ecological Restoration
Ming Hung Wong
Part I Health Impacts and Risk Assessment
Health Impacts of Toxic Chemicals in the Pearl River Delta: The Need for Healthcare Reform?
Paul K.L. Lam and Ming Hung Wong
Heavy Metal Overloads and Autism in Children from Mainland China and Hong Kong: A Preliminary Study
Lillian Y.Y. Ko, Yan Yan Qin, and Ming Hung Wong
Endocrine-Disrupting Contaminants and Their Effects on Reproductive and Developmental Health
Chris K.C. Wong
Assessing Health Risks from Arsenic Intake by Residents in Cambodia
Suthipong Sthiannopkao, Kongkea Phan, Kyoung-Woong Kim, and Ming Hung Wong
Pragmatic Approach for Health Risk Assessment of Bauxite Tailing Waste Materials
Jack C. Ng, Jian Ping Wang, Cheng Peng, and Guanyu Guan
Part II Emerging Chemicals and Electronic Waste
Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers in China: Sources, Trends, and Their Adverse Impacts on Human Health
Gene J.S. Zheng, Liping Jiao, Anna O.W. Leung, Yeqing Huang, Tingting You, and Ming Hung Wong
Removal of Persistent Organic Pollutants and Compounds of Emerging Concern in Public-Owned Sewage Treatment Works: A Review
Ming Man and Ming Hung Wong
Inverse Relationship between Urinary Retinol-Binding Protein, Beta-2-Microglobulin, and Blood Manganese Levels in School-Age Children from an E-Waste Recycling Town
Jinrong Huang, Xijin Xu, Guina Zheng, Kusheng Wu, Yongyong Guo, Junxiao Liu, Hao Ban, Weitang Liao, Wei Liu, Hui Yang, Qiongna Xiao, Yuanping Wang, and Xia Huo
Mitigating Environmental and Health Risks Associated with Uncontrolled Recycling of Electronic Waste: Are International and National Regulations Effective?
Ming Hung Wong, Anna O.W. Leung, Shengchun Wu, Clement K.M. Leung, and Ravi Naidu
Decision-Making Support Tools for Managing Electronic Waste
Peeranart Kiddee, Ravi Naidu, and Ming Hung Wong
Part III Ecological Restoration of Contaminated Sites: Bioremediation
Biomethylation of Arsenic in Contaminated Soils
Richard P. Dick, Qin Wu, and Nicholas T. Basta
Handling Copper: A Paradigm for the Mechanisms of Metal Ion Homeostasis
Kathryn A. Gogolin and Marinus Pilon
Plant Selenium Metabolism: Genetic Manipulation, Phytotechnological Applications, and Ecological Implications
Elizabeth A.H. Pilon-Smits
Microbial Transformation of Phthalate Esters: Diversity of Hydrolytic Esterases
Ji-Dong Gu and Yuping Wang
Mixed Contamination of Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons and Metals at Manufactured Gas Plant Sites: Toxicity and Implications to Bioremediation
Palanisami Thavamani, Mallavarapu Megharaj, Kadiyala Venkateswarlu, and Ravi Naidu
Part IV Ecological Restoration of Contaminated Sites: Phytoremediation
Toxicity and Bioavailability of Heavy Metals and Hydrocarbons in Mangrove Wetlands and Their Remediation
Lin Ke and Nora F.Y. Tam
Origin of Paddy Fields and Functions for Environmental Remediation in the Urbanized Areas of Yangtze River Delta
Remediation and Reuse of Stormwater by Ecotechnology
R. Brian E. Shutes, D. Michael Revitt, J. Bryan Ellis, and Lian Lundy
Phytostabilization for Sustainable End-Use of Arsenic-Rich Mine Tailings in the Victorian Goldfields, Australia
Augustine Doronila, Ron T. Watkins, and Alan J.M. Baker
Field Application of the Stabilization Process for Arsenic-Contaminated Soil
Myoung-Soo Ko, Ki-Rak Kim, and Kyoung-Woong Kim
Bioavailability of Metals and Arsenic on Brownfield Land: Remediation or Natural Attenuation for Risk Minimization?
Nicholas M. Dickinson, William Hartley, Amanda Black, and Cameron S. Crook