Environmental crime is a topic of growing international importance. This book provides a general introduction and overview of this issue by presenting key articles and source material in the emerging area of green or environmental criminology.
The focus for the collection is environmental crime, itself an ambiguous concept, and one that has been defined in the broadest terms to include environmental harms of many different kinds. The articles and extracts reprinted in this Reader span a wide range of concerns – from issues of pollution, illegal disposal of waste and logging, through to prosecution of specific environmental offences and crime prevention as this pertains to trade in endangered species.
The book includes articles and extracts that challenge existing conceptualisations of environmental crime and human rights, as well as those that provide insight into what the 'greening' of research and scholarship means for criminology as a field. The Reader draws upon work from many different sources, and from many different disciplines and perspectives.
The Reader is divided into three main sections: conceptualising environmental crime; dynamics of environmental crime and environmental law enforcement.
It is the most inclusive and up-to-date collection of its kind and will be an essential resource for students, academics, policy-makers, environmental managers, police, magistrates and others with a general interest in environmental issues.
Introduction: Environmental crime and eco global criminology, Rob White. Studying environmental crime: key words, acronyms and sources of information, Diane Heckenburg Part One: Conceptualising Environmental Crime Introduction 1. Crime, ecophilosophy and environmental harm, Mark Halsey and Rob White 2. Criminological semantics: conservation criminology - vision or vagary?, F.J.W. Herbig and S.J. Joubert 3. Environmental issues and the criminological imagination, Rob White 4. The meaning of green: contrasting criminological perspectives, Michael J. Lynch and Paul B. Stretesky 5. Corporate environmental crimes and social inequality: new directions for environmental justice research, David R. Simon 6. Logging and legality: environmental crime, civil society, and the state, Penny Green, Tony Ward and Kirsten McConnachie 7. The World Bank and crimes of globalization: a case study, David O. Friedrichs and Jessica Friedrichs 8. Rights and justice on a shared planet: more rights or new relations?, Ted Benton 9. For a nonspeciesist criminology: animal abuse as an object of study, Piers Beirne 10. An environmental victimology, Christopher Williams 11. Reflections on environmental justice: children as victims and actors, Sharon Stephens 12. Against 'green'criminology, Mark Halsey Part Two: Dynamics of Environmental Crime Introduction 13. Environmental crimes: profiting at the earth's expense, Charles W. Schmidt 14. Environmental crime in global context: exploring the theoretical and empirical complexities, Rob White 15. Environmental crime and pollution: wasteful reflections, Alan A. Block 16. Historical context and hazardous waste facility siting: understanding temporal patterns in Michigan, Robin Saha and Paul Mohai 17. Resisting toxic militarism: Vieques versus the U.S. Navy, Deborah Berman Santana 18. The politics of illegal dumping: an environmental justice framework, David N. Pellow 19. The impact of race on environmental quality: an empirical and theoretical discussion, Raquel Pinderhughes 20. Environmental genocide: Native Americans and toxic waste, Daniel Brook 21. The illegal market in Australian abalone, Rebecca Tailby and Frances Gant 22. Lobster poaching and the ironies of law enforcement, John L. McMullan and David C. Perrier 23. Crime, bio-agriculture and the exploitation of hunger, Reece Walters 24. Toxic crimes: examining corporate victimization of the general public employing medical and epidemiological evidence, Michael J. Lynch and Paul Stretesky Part Three: Environmental Law Enforcement Introduction 25. Combatting international environmental crime, Duncan Brack 26. Transnational environmental crime in the Asia Pacific: an 'un(der) securitized' security problem, Lorraine Elliott 27. Police, law enforcement and the environment, Kevin Tomkins 28. Strengthening the weakest links: strategies for improving the enforcement of environmental laws globally, Anita Sundari Akella and James B. Cannon 29. When the heavenly gaze criminalises: satellite surveillance, land clearance regulation and the human-nature relationship, Robyn Luise Bartel 30. Reducing the illicit trade in endangered wildlife: the market reduction approach, Jacqueline L. Schneider 31. Corporate self-policing and the environment, Paul B. Stretesky 32. Can criminal law protect the environment?, Helena Du Rees 33. Excuses, excuses: the ritual trivialisation of environmental prosecution, Paula de Prez 34. Environmental crime and the courts, House of Commons, Environmental Audit Committee 35. Thinking outside the 'black box': tailored enforcement in environmental criminal law, David C. Fortney 36. Reducing vulnerabilities to crime of the European waste management industry: the research base and the prospects for policy, Nicholas Dorn, Stijn Van Daele and Tom Vander Beken