Environmental criminology is a term that encompasses a range of overlapping perspectives. At its core, the many strands of environmental criminology are bound by a common focus on the role that the immediate environment plays in the performance of crime, and a conviction that careful analyses of these environmental influences are the key to the effective investigation, control, and prevention of crime.
This new edition brings together leading theorists and practitioners in the field to provide a comprehensive, integrative coverage of the field of environmental criminology and crime analysis. This book is divided into three sequential parts:
• Understanding the crime event explores routine activity approach, crime pattern theory, the rational choice perspective, and situational precipitators of crime.
• Analysing crime patterns discusses crime mapping, offender mobility, repeat victimisation, geographic profiling, and crime scripts.
• Preventing and controlling crime covers topics including problem oriented policing, situational crime prevention, and environmental design.
Fully updated and including new chapters on crime scripts and offender mobility, a scene-setting introductory overview, and critical thinking questions at the end of each chapter, this text is an essential and comprehensive resource for practitioners and students taking courses on environmental criminology, crime analysis, and crime prevention.
"Environmental criminology has become a vital paradigm, not only explaining crime events but also providing effective strategies for reducing victimization. Pulling together insightful essays authored by leading scholars, this volume takes stock of theory and practice in this area. Indeed, Environmental Criminology is a book that should be part of every scholar’s library and be used widely in courses introducing students to the science of crime analysis and prevention."
Francis T. Cullen, Distinguished Research Professor Emeritus, University of Cincinnati, USA
"This book brings together some of the most influential and important names in environmental criminology from the last thirty years. Within, the scholar and practitioner is led through the key theoretical contributions in a structured and well-designed manner. This essential text will be the bible of environmental criminologists for years to come."
Jerry H Ratcliffe, Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice and Director of the Center for Security and Crime Science at Temple University, USA
"The book contains everything you always wanted to know about environmental criminology and crime analysis. Its chapters are written by the key scholars who shaped the field. For the next decade it will be the main authoritative source on the subject matter. It is the type of book that stays on your desk because you pick it up all the time."Wim Bernasco, Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement (NSCR) and Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands
"The seemingly simple truth - that crime is not randomly distributed in space and time – has led to a new, productive and exciting field of criminology environmental criminology and crime analysis (ECCA). The second edition of this important book brings together the work of the leading researchers in this field, providing an excellent overview of the theoretical and empirical crime reduction contributions of this important and growing sub field of criminology."
Anna Stewart, Professor and Head of the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Griffith University, Australia
"The first edition of this book became an instant classic, filling a neglected niche of theory-driven empirical work. This update underscores the book's usefulness for theory, research and practice. All the major researchers are here, with traditional and new topics. Adding crime scripts is especially noteworthy. This is essential reading, especially for American researchers unfamiliar with the international impact of environmental criminology."
Mike Maxfield, Professor of Criminal Justice, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, USA, and editor, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency
"This is an important book for anyone with an interest in how crimes happen and what can be done about them. The ideas presented are some of the most influential in their field – and have been brought up to date by the very scholars who first articulated them, or the brilliant academics who have gone on to develop them. It is essential reading for students, policy makers and practitioners concerned about the challenge of ensuring safe and secure communities – they should all find something to excite them."
Gloria Laycock, Professor of Crime Science, Jill Dando Institute of Security and Crime Science, University College London, UK
Preface to the second edition
1. Introduction (Richard Worley and Michael Townsley)
Part I: Understanding the Crime Event
2. The rational choice perspective (Derek B. Cornish and Ronald V. Clarke)
3. Situational Precipitators of Crime (Richard Wortley)
4. The Routine Activity Approach (Marcus Felson)
5. The Geometry of Crime and Crime Pattern Theory (Paul J. Brantingham, Patricia L. Brantingham and Martin A. Andresen)
Part II: Analysing Crime Patterns
6. Crime Scripts (Benoit Leclerc)
7. Offender Mobility (Michael Townsley)
8. Geographic Profiling (D. Kim Rossmo and Sacha Rombouts)
9. Repeat Victimisation (Ken Pease and Graham Farrell)
10. Crime Mapping and Spatial Analysis (Shane D. Johnson)
Part III: Preventing and Controlling Crime
11. Problem-oriented policing (Michael S. Scott, John E. Eck, Johannes Knutsson and Herman Goldstein)
12. Crime prevention through environmental design (Rachel Armitage)
13. Situational Crime Prevention (Ronald V. Clarke)
14. Designing products against crime (Paul Ekblom)
15. Broken Windows (Michael Wagers, William Sousa and George Kelling)
Crime science is a new way of thinking about and responding to the problem of crime in society. First, crime science is about crime. Instead of the usual focus in criminology on the characteristics of the criminal offender, crime science is concerned with the characteristics of the criminal event. Second, crime science is about science, advocating an evidence-based, problem-solving approach to crime control. Crime scientists actively engage with front-line criminal justice practitioners to reduce crime by making it more difficult for individuals to offend, and making it more likely that they will be detected if they do offend
The Crime Science series is utilitarian in its orientation and multidisciplinary in its foundations, drawing on disciplines from both the social and physical sciences, including criminology, sociology, psychology, geography, economics, architecture, industrial design, epidemiology, computer science, mathematics, engineering, and biology.